Scheda insegnamento

Anno Accademico 2021/2022

Conoscenze e abilità da conseguire

At the end of the course the student will have a good knowledge of the detectors concepts to study events produced with colliders or fixed target experiments and will be familiar with the main techniques to identify particle charge and mass. Moreover, practice in the laboratory will allow the student to become familiar with some basic detectors, electronic instrumentation, DAQ system, data analysis and writing a report on the experimental work performed in the laboratory sessions.



- Electromagnetic calorimeters. General features of development of the electromagnetic shower. General requirements for optimizing an electromagnetic calorimeter

- Hadronic calorimeters. General features of development of the hadronic shower. General requirements for optimizing a hadronic calorimeter.


Cherenkov detectors

Threshold counters. Differential counters. Ring Imaging Cherenkov counters (RICH).


Transition Radiation Detectors

- Production of Transition Radiation. Optimisation of the Transition Radiation Detector (TRD). Radiator: type, material and configuration. Gas: type and thickness. Signal processing: integral charge detection, cluster counting and time-resolved amplitude.


Detectors for very weakly interacting particles (neutrinos and dark matter candidates)

- Super Kamiokande. ANTARES. KM3. XENON. DARKSIDE.



The baseline goal of the laboratory work is the measurement of the muon lifetime. The activity includes setting up the apparatus, data acquisition and analysis. A written report about the measurement will be required. In-class introductory lectures will prepare the students to the laboratory activity, which will be supervised by the professor and tutors and will work in small groups (3 students per group).


Material will be available on virtuale.unibo.it.

The textbooks dealing with the material of the course are

- W.R. Leo, Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments, Springer

- K. Kleinknecht, Detectors for Particle Radiation, Cambridge UP

- G.F. Knoll, Radiation Detection and Measurement, J. Wiley & Sons

Metodi didattici

In-class lectures and exercises. Seminars by experts on specific topics. Laboratory activity and review of the final report.

Modalità di verifica e valutazione dell'apprendimento

Oral examination. The examination will consist of two parts:

1) interview to evaluate student's knowledge about the physics principles and techniques of the particle detectors described in the course

2) discussion about the laboratory activity and review of the written report

Strumenti a supporto della didattica

Slides, blackboard, hands-on laboratory activities.

Orario di ricevimento

Consulta il sito web di Luigi Guiducci

Consulta il sito web di Marco Selvi