69901 - Pan-European Security

Course Unit Page

  • Teacher Sonia Lucarelli

  • Credits 8

  • SSD SPS/04

  • Teaching Mode Traditional lectures

  • Language English

SDGs

This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

No poverty Quality education Gender equality Peace, justice and strong institutions

Academic Year 2019/2020

Learning outcomes

Students are expected to learn the evolution of security dynamics in the pan-European space. In particular, they will be expected (i) to develop an understanding of some key turning points in Soviet/RussianAmerican-European relations (early Cold War, Détente, post-Cold War) and of how they shaped and influenced security in Europe during the Cold War and after; (ii) to learn about the evolution of the main international organizations active in European security both during and after the Cold War; and (iii) to learn about the evolution of the concept of security particularly since the end of the Cold War.

Course contents

PAN EUROPEAN SECURITY 2018-2019

Prof. Sonia Lucarelli

Schedule

Part One: The Concepts

Introduction - What Is Security?– Seminar

What Is “European” Security? – Seminar

IR and Security (1): Realism and Liberalism– Seminar with Students’ Presentation

IR and Security (3): Constructivism and Post-Positivism- Seminar With Students' Presentation

Security Governance - Seminar with Students’ Presentation

extra class: Methods and practical tips for academic papers and dissertations

 Part Two: Historical Roots

European Security During The Cold War - Seminar

The End of The Cold War: The Academic Debate – Seminar

The Post-Cold War Transition - Seminar with Students’ Presentations

Part Three: The Actors and the Challenges

The European Union: EU's Peculiar Foreign Policy - Seminar with Students' Presentation

The EU: The European Union's Common Security and Defence Policy- Seminar with Students' Presentation

The EU: The European Union's Common Security and Defence Policy– Seminar with Students' Presentation

EU and the Refugee crisis (lecture)

The EU and the Crisis of the Liberal Order (debate)

NATO: History and Functioning - Seminar With Students' Presentation

NATO: Partnerships, Enlargements and Relations with Russia - Seminar With Students' Presentation

 Other Organizations: The OSCE, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and CSTO - Seminar with Students' Presentations

The Osce, Minority Protection and Confidence Building Measures

Energy security, Cybersecurity – Students’ Presentations

Transnational Crime, Counter-Terrorism – Students’ Presentations


Readings/Bibliography

PROGRAMME WITH READING

Part One: The Concepts


Introduction - What Is Security?– Seminar
Reading:
1. Paul D. Williams, “Introduction”, in Security Studies : an Introduction, Routledge 2013 (2nd ed - NB also the 2008 edition is fine and is available online: http://hamdoucheriad.yolasite.com/resources/security%20studies.pdf).).
2. Andrew Cottey, Chapter I: “Security in the 21st Century Europe”, in Security in the 21st Century Europe, Palgrave, Macmillan, 2013, pp. 6-33.

What Is “European” Security? – Seminar
Same as above

IR and Security (1): Realism and Liberalism– Seminar with Students’ Presentation
Reading:
Paul D. Williams “Security Studies : an Introduction”, Routledge 2013 (2nd ed): chapters 2 (Realism) and 3 (Liberalism); (Ruffilli Library 355.033. NB also the 2008 edition is fine and is available online: http://hamdoucheriad.yolasite.com/resources/security%20studies.pdf ).
* students’ presentations on:
(i) A realist approach to European security (e.g. John Mearsheimer’s view of European security);
(ii) A liberal approach to European security (e.g. John Ikenberry’s view of European security)

IR and Security (3): Constructivism and Post-Positivism - Seminar With Students' Presentation
Reading:
Paul D. Williams “Security Studies : chapters: 5 (Constructivism); 7 (Critical Theory) (Ruffilli Library 355.033. NB also the 2008 edition is fine and is available online: http://hamdoucheriad.yolasite.com/resources/security%20studies.pdf ).
* students’ presentations on:
(i) A constructivist approach to European security
(ii) Critical theory and the analysis of European security: a case-study (e.g. Critical Theory and the analysis of counterterrorism in Europe)



Security Governance and securitization
- Seminar with Students’ Presentation
Reading:
1. Mark Webber , “Security Governance”, in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 17-40. [course material]
2. James Sperling. “Regional security Governance”, in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 98-119 [course material].
3. Clara Eroukhmanoff, “Securitization Theory: an introduction”, in International Relations Theory – Available at: https://www.e-ir.info/2018/01/14/securitisation-theory-an-introduction/
* one Students’ presentation on a case study of regional security governance; one on securitization.

Part Two: Historical Roots


European security during the Cold War – Seminar with students’ presentations:
1. Proliferation and non proliferation during the Cold War
2. Arms control during the Cold War
3. The Cold War and security institutions in Europe
Background reading for the class: Antony Best et al., International History of the Twentieth Century and Beyond , London and New York, Routledge, 2009, 2nd edition [course material] Chapters: 9, 11, 20.

The End of The Cold War: The Academic Debate – Seminar
Reading:
1. Jeremi Suri, Explaining the End of the Cold War: a New Historical Consensus?, “Journal of Cold War Studies”, 4, Fall 2002, pp. 60-92 on line at [course material]
2. Michael Cox, "Another Transatlantic Split? American and European Narratives and the End of the Cold War," Cold War History, Vol. 7 No 1, February 2007, p. 121-146. [course material]
3. Adam Roberts, An 'Incredibly Swift Transition': reflections on the end of the Cold War, in M. Leffler & A. Westad (eds.), The Cambridge History of the Cold War, Vol.III: 2010 [course material]


The Post-Cold War Transition - Seminar with Students’ Presentations*
Reading:
1. John Ikenberry, “The restructuring of the international system after the Cold War”, in M. Leffler & A. Westad (eds.), The Cambridge History of the Cold War, Vol. III: 2010 [course material]
2. Antony Best et al., International History of the Twentieth Century and Beyond , London and New York, Routledge, 2009, 2nd edition, Chapters 20 and 22 [course material].
* Students' presentations on:
(i) The War in Bosnia and the international reaction
(ii) The transformation of Russia’s foreign policy after the Cold War
(iii) The transformation of US's role after the Cold War

Part Three: The Actors and the Challenges
The European Union: EU's Peculiar Foreign Policy - Seminar with Students' Presentation
Reading:
1. James Sperling, “European Union” in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 588-617 [course material]
2. Keukeleire, S. & T. Delreux, The Foreign Policy of the European Union, 2nd edition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, Chapters 1 and 2. [course material]
* students' presentations:
(i) Historical evolution of EU’s external relations
(ii) The EU as a special type of power (civilian, normative, soft…) and the concept of “structural foreign policy”.
(iii) non CSDP external relations: the security component.

The EU: The European Union's Common Security and Defence Policy– Seminar with Students' Presentation
Reading:
Keukeleire, S. & T. Delreux, The Foreign Policy of the European Union, 2nd edition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, Chapters 7, 8. [course material]
* students' presentation on:
(i) CSDP
(ii) EU missions
(iii) The EU Global Strategy: the document and the debate

Seminar: Evaluating EU’s foreign policy
Reading:
Sonia Lucarelli, “The EU in the Post-Liberal Era: An Existential Challenge with Global Roots” in A. Colombo and P. Magri, ISPI Report 2019, available here: https://www.ispionline.it/it/pubblicazione/rapporto-ispi-2019-la-fine-di-un-mondo-la-deriva-dellordine-liberale-22099
Stephan Lehne, “Is there hope for EU foreign policy?” Carnegie Europe paper 5 december 2017, available at: https://carnegieeurope.eu/2017/12/05/is-there-hope-for-eu-foreign-policy-pub-74909
*Presentation: The effects of Brexit on the CSDP
**Students’ debate: A European Army? Should the EU develop its own unitary and independent army?

EU, Migration and the Collective Securitization of Schengen
Reading:
James Sperling and Mark Webber, “The European Union: security governance and collective securitization”, West European Politics, Special issue on The European Union, Security Governance and Collective Securitisation (Guest editors S. Lucarelli. J. Sperling and M. Webber), 42(2), 2019.
Michela Ceccorulli, “Back to Schengen: the collective securitisation of the EU free-border area”, West European Politics, Special issue on The European Union, Security Governance and Collective Securitisation (Guest editors S. Lucarelli. J. Sperling and M. Webber), 42(2), 2019.

Students’ roundtable: The EU and the Crisis of the Liberal Order
4 students introduce, the class debates.
List of useful links to get a basic information on what the LO is and what are the different opinions with respect to its crisis:
https://www.huffingtonpost.it/francesco-marchiano/il-titanic-dellordine-liberale_a_23482241/
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/10/world/europe/europe-armistice-merkel-macron-peace-war.html
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/30/opinion/liberal-pessimism-poland.html
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/26/business/nato-european-union.html
https://carnegieeurope.eu/strategiceurope/68041
https://www.cato.org/publications/policy-analysis/world-imagined-nostalgia-liberal-order
https://www.economist.com/open-future/2018/08/17/the-dangers-of-illiberal-liberalism
https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2018-08-16/america-s-liberal-global-order-can-be-saved
https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/01/the-global-liberal-democratic-order-might-be-down-but-its-not-out/
https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/01/five-facts-you-need-to-understand-the-new-global-order/
https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/04/is-liberal-democracy-in-retreat/
https://nationalinterest.org/feature/will-the-liberal-order-destroy-itself-23708
gataway: https://www.weforum.org/focus/the-future-of-global-liberal-order
long article: https://www.chathamhouse.org/publication/ia/end-liberal-international-order
long article: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3264016
long article: https://scholar.princeton.edu/sites/default/files/gji3/files/why_the_liberal_world_order_will_survive.pdf
long article: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/2018-06-14/myth-liberal-order
video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AjM6kE0L8oQ
Video Fukuyama: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=scAzukYHJjY
Video keynote speech Ikenberry: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Du4GAby8muA
Video round table EU and liberal order: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VM-bWgff5fg


NATO: History and Functioning - Seminar With Students' Presentation
Reading:
1. David Yost, “NATO's evolving Purpose and the next geo-strategic Concept,” International Affairs 86:2 (March 2010), pp.489-522 . [course material]
2. Andrew Cottey, “NATO”, in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 638-655. [course material]
* Students’ presentations on:
(i) historical developments (main steps);
(ii) NATO’S Strategic concepts (with particular attention to the core tasks set in the latest SC)
(iv) NATO’s operations

NATO: Partnerships, Enlargements and Relations with Russia- Seminar With Students' Presentation
Reading:
same as above plus:
1. Gülnur Aybet, “The Four Stages of NATO's Partnership Frameworks: Rethinking Regional Partnerships with the Middle East and North Africa”, Paper presented at the conference DYNAMIC CHANGE. Rethinking NATO's Capabilities, Operations and Partnerships , University of Bologna, October 26-27, 2012 [available at: http://www.act.nato.int/images/stories/events/2012/acor/dynamic_change.pdf].
2. Hall Gardner, “The Russia annexation of Crimea: regional and global ramifications”, European Politics and Society, Vol. 17 , Iss. 4, 2016
Optional: Ch. 5 in: M. Webber, J. Sperling and M. Smith, NATO’s Trajectory into the 21st Century: Decline or Regeneration? (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2012).[course 2018 material]
* Students presentation on:
(i) NATO’s enlargements
(ii) NATO's partnerships
(ii) NATO-Russia relations since the end of the Cold War

Other Organizations: The OSCE, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and CSTO - Seminar with Students' Presentations
Reading:
1. Andrew Cottey, “”The other Europe. Regional security governance in Europe's East”, in S. Breslin and S. Croft eds) Comparative Regional Security Governance, Routledge 2012. [course material]
2. David Galbreath and Aynur Seidyusif, “Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe”, in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 656-670. [course material]
* students' presentations on:
(i) OSCE
(ii) SCO
(iii) CSTO

Transnational Criminality, Counter-Terrorism, Cybersecurity– Students’ Presentations
Reading:
Chapters in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014

 

Teaching methods

lectures, seminars, students' presentations

Assessment methods

NB: Class attendance in compulsory

Students will be evaluated on the basis of:
- class participation
- mid-term paper
- final oral exam

 

The mid-term paper

- Topic to be distributed two weeks before

- length: max 3.000 words plus bibliography

- the text should be scanned through Turnitin

- deadline: May 2, by email, then bring the printed copy at the first lesson afterwards

 

Rules for presentations:

- 10 minutes each

- power point circulated to the class, inclusive of bibliography

 

Rules for the debates:

2 groups of 2

- presentation of group A with arguments in favour (5 minutes)

- Q&A with other group (5 minutes)

- presentation by group B with arguments against (5 minutes)

- Q&A with other group (5 minutes)

- Q&A of each with the class (5 + 5 minutes)

- class evaluation of the debate

Teaching tools

power point

Office hours

See the website of Sonia Lucarelli