97037 - GLOBAL HEALTH AND ZOONOTIC MICROBES

Scheda insegnamento

SDGs

L'insegnamento contribuisce al perseguimento degli Obiettivi di Sviluppo Sostenibile dell'Agenda 2030 dell'ONU.

Salute e benessere Acqua pulita e servizi igienico-sanitari Lotta contro il cambiamento climatico La vita sulla terra

Anno Accademico 2022/2023

Conoscenze e abilità da conseguire

At the end of the course the student will be aware of the existing Global Health Institutions. The student will have knowledge on global trade-diseases, will be aware of the bioterrorism risk and will be able to evaluate the import risk for infectious diseases. The student will be able to describe emerging and remerging viral zoonosis.

Contenuti

Lecture 1 The connections between humans, animals, and the environment necessitate collaboration among sectors to comprehensively understand and reduce risks and consequences on health and wellbeing. One Health Approach offersopportunities for synergistic expertise to address complex health threats at people, animals, and the environment interfaces and highlights the need for specialists in multiple sectors. Global Health challenges transcend national, European and international boundaries and governments and need a cross-sectoral approach for this international organizations have come together to launch One Health approach to improve understanding of how diseases with the potential to trigger pandemics, emerge and spread. As an example, FAO-OIE-WHO Tripartite collaboration will be illustrated.

Lecture 2 The rate by which emerging diseases spread is accelerating, as a by-product of the growth of trade and travel globally. The growth of trade with emerging markets and developing economies has increased the likelihood of reinfection from existing animal reservoirs. Recent research suggests that, as wildlife moves along the wildlife supply chain, from capture sites to large markets, and on to restaurants the chance of spill-overs is amplified. Preventing future pandemics requires a multisectorial approach to take measures to reduce spill-over risks. Practical examples will be used to explain the principles for risk assessment and gap analysis.

Lecture 3 Bioterrorism is an international practice of biological products or pathogen to affect human-being, animals, plants and other living organisms. 80% of disease agents identified with bioterrorism potential are zoonotic. Outbreaks of disease in humans is frequently recognized or diagnosed by physicians in emergency room in hospitals. To determine the source of disease is crucial to prevent deaths with proper treatments and reduce its spread. An outline of the main zoonotic agents that can be used for bioterrorist purposes will be discussed.

Lecture 4 Approximately 60% of all known human infectious disease agents (e.g rabies, brucellosis, Leptospirosis) originate in animals. Ebola, highly pathogenic avian influenza, SARS, MERS and COVID-19 are the most recent examples of new or emerging infectious diseases in humans caused by zoonotic pathogens. The spillover risk factors and concepts will be explained through case studies.


Testi/Bibliografia

Links for background required reading and slides will be provided and will be available as repository material on https://virtuale.unibo.it/

Metodi didattici

Lectures and group work The module  participates in the "University's teaching innovation project".

Modalità di verifica e valutazione dell'apprendimento

Students are required to attend at least 70% of classes for credit. Final grade consists of 50% interactive work in groups and 50% individual written assignment

Strumenti a supporto della didattica

Power point presentations, videos, online resources

Students attending in presence should bring their own computer in class to participate to the online simulation and groups works.

Orario di ricevimento

Consulta il sito web di Alessandra Scagliarini