90652 - Survey of Italian and European Early Modern Architecture

Scheda insegnamento

  • Docente Francesco Benelli

  • Crediti formativi 6

  • SSD ICAR/18

  • Lingua di insegnamento Inglese

  • Campus di Bologna

  • Corso Laurea Magistrale in Arti visive (cod. 9071)

  • Orario delle lezioni dal 31/01/2022 al 09/03/2022

Anno Accademico 2021/2022

Conoscenze e abilità da conseguire

Students acquire necessary knowledge to read and critically interpret architecture between the Fourteenth and Sixteenth century as well as the methodological tools to understand the territory, the city and its major buildings.

Contenuti

Contents:

The course will provide a historical overview of the major figures of Italian Renaissance architecture from 1400 to 1600—Brunelleschi, Alberti, Bramante, Raphael, Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Michelangelo, Peruzzi, Giulio Romano, Sanmicheli, Sansovino, Palladio as well as an outlook on a selection of European Renaissance architects. They will be analyzed within the cities or countries they operated and will be compared with the cultural, social and political local context. The second part of the course is an overview on a selection of European courts and on the role of humanistic architecture at the dawn of colonialism. Issues such as local antiquities, revival and survival, rules and license, theory of architecture, drawings and graphic conventions will be addressed throughout the course.

SCHEDULE OF CLASS

Lesson one

Introduction on the Rediscovery of the Past

Readings:

R. Weiss, The Renaissance Discovery of Classical Antiquity (New York, Oxford England: Basil Blackwell, 1969), pp. 59-72, 90-130.

Lesson two

The Classical language of Architecture: The Architectural Orders

Readings:

E. Forssman, Dorico, ionico, corinzio nell'architettura del Rinascimento, Bari: Editori Laterza 1988, 7-112.

Lesson three

Filippo Brunelleschi, early works

Readings:

L. H. Heidenreich (revised by P. Davies), Architecture in Italy 1400-1500 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1996), pp. 13-20.

Lesson four

Filippo Brunelleschi and his legacy

Readings:

L. H. Heidenreich (revised by P. Davies), Architecture in Italy 1400-1500 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1996), pp. 20-33.

Lesson five

Leon Battista Alberti and the birth of Early Modern Architectural Theory

Readings:

L. H. Heidenreich (revised by P. Davies), Architecture in Italy 1400-1500 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1996), pp. 34-44.

Lesson six

Leon Battista Alberti’s architecture and its aftermath in Florence

Readings:

L. H. Heidenreich (revised by P. Davies), Architecture in Italy 1400-1500 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1996), pp. 45-54.

Lesson seven

Bramante in Milan and Rome

Readings:

W. Lotz (revised by D. Howard), Architecture in Italy 1500-1600 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1996), pp. 11-20.

Lesson eight

Rome, January 1st 1500 - May 6th 1527

Readings:

W. Lotz (revised by D. Howard), Architecture in Italy 1500-1600 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1996), pp. 27-39.

Lesson nine

Giulio Romano and Baldassarre Peruzzi: the first crisis of classicism

Readings:

W. Lotz (revised by D. Howard), Architecture in Italy 1500-1600 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1996), pp. 45-60.

Lesson ten

Michelangelo between Florence and Rome

Readings:

W. Lotz (revised by D. Howard), Architecture in Italy 1500-1600 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1996), pp. 89-106.

Lesson eleven

Bologna: from the Signoria Bentivoglio and the consequence of Julius II's conquest

Bibliography:

M. Ricci, Bologna e Carpi, in Storia dell’architettura italiana. Il primo Cinquecento, pp. 306-312.

Lesson twelve

Palladio, archaeology and abstraction

Readings:

W. Lotz (revised by D. Howard), Architecture in Italy 1500-1600 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1996), pp.145-158.

Lesson thirteen

Renaissance architecture in France.

Readings:

A. Blunt (revised by R. Beresford), Art and Architecture in France 1500-1700 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1999), pp. 2-15, 26-31, 40-63. 

Lesson fourteen

Renaissance architecture in Spain and the rest of Europe

Readings:

M. Tafuri, Interpreting the Renaissance: Princes, Cities, Architects (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2006), pp. 181-219.

D. Watkin, A History of Western Architecture (New York: Barnes & Noble, 1996 or any other edition), pp. 223-239.

Lesson fifteen

Conclusions

A field trip to Rome (2 days) or Florence (for the day) might be organized right after the end of the course (date TBA), depending upon the amount of students interested in participating and upon COVID-19 situation.

Testi/Bibliografia

  • R. Weiss, The Renaissance Discovery of Classical Antiquity (New York, Oxford England: Basil Blackwell, 1969)
  • E. Forssman, Dorico, ionico, corinzio nell'architettura del Rinascimento, Bari: Laterza 1988 (ora any other edition)
  • L. H. Heidenreich (revised by P. Davies), Architecture in Italy 1400-1500 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1996)
  • W. Lotz (revised by D. Howard), Architecture in Italy 1500-1600 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1996)
  • A. Blunt (revised by R.Beresford), Art and Architecture in France 1500-1700 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1999)
  • M. Tafuri, Interpreting the Renaissance: Princes, Cities, Architects (New Haven and London: Yale University press, 2006),
  • D. Watkin, A history of Western Architecture (New York: Barnes & Noble, 1996 or any other edition)

Metodi didattici

Restricted places for incoming exchange students:

Spots for incoming exchange students for this course are limited and are primarily reserved to students enrolled in art related programmes at their home university. To check availability, please write to amac@unibo.it [mailto:amac@unibo.it]

Pour ce cours les places pour les étudiants d'échange entrants sont limitées et sont principalement réservées aux étudiants inscrits dans des programmes liés à l'art dans leur université d'origine. Pour vérifier la disponibilité des places, veuillez écrire à amac@unibo.it [mailto:amac@unibo.it]

Modalità di verifica e valutazione dell'apprendimento

The final exam is an oral interview equal for both attending and non-attending students. The interview is based on the mandatory bibliography specified in the syllabus and seeks to verify the student’s critical and methodological skills acquired during the course. Non-attending students are required to write a 7/8 pages long paper on a topic included in the syllabus (but a different topic is also welcomed) to be approved by the instructor. The paper should be submitted in a PDF format no later than seven days before the exam.

During the interview the student must show the acquisition of the knowledge of main topics discussed in class as well as the mastering of the methods and critical tools acquired during the course. Pictures identifications of monuments (description, what it is, architect, date, location and why is important) and knowledge of the broader context are crucial requirements for the success of the exam.

For this reason, is strongly recommended a careful study of the iconographical material distributed class by class which can be also downloaded from the instructor’s website: https://www.unibo.it/sitoweb/f.benelli

Grade breakdown

1. 30L/28, the highest range of grade, is given when the student shows to be able to deeply, critically and creatively analyze the texts and the images and to put them in the broader context. Special attention is given to the articulation with which the student presents and delivers his ideas during the interview.

2. 24/27 is the range of grade given to the student that shows only a mnemonic knowledge of the material and delivers his interview with a fairly proper language at times inappropriate.

3. 18/23 is the range of grade that reflects a sufficient or superficial knowledge and critical understanding of the material.

4. Lower than 18: Lacunae, inappropriate language skills, lack of mastering the material will result into a failing grade.

Strumenti a supporto della didattica

Pdf texts and images of the illustrations showed in class. Additional bibliography when needed.

Orario di ricevimento

Consulta il sito web di Francesco Benelli