90922 - ANATOMY

Scheda insegnamento

Anno Accademico 2020/2021

Conoscenze e abilità da conseguire

Identify the major components and topography of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Correlate the anatomy of the nervous system with its function and pathologies. Identify the major components and topography of the genitourinary and reproductive systems. Identify the major endocrine glands of the body and summarize their role in the body.

Contenuti

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
Organization and development of the central nervous system.

Spinal cord: external and internal configuration. Spinal nerve roots. Organization of the gray substance and of the white substance.
Brain Stem: bulb, pons, midbrain. External configuration and reports. Fourth ventricle, brainstem, quadrigeminal plate, mesencephalic aqueduct.
Cerebellum: external and internal configuration, structure and architecture cerebellar cortex.
Diencephalon: thalamus, hypothalamus, epithalamus and subthalamus. III ventricle.
Telencephalon: general conformation. Fissures, lobes, gyri, cortex, brain areas. Lateral ventricles. Subcortical nuclei and organization of the white substance. Main commissural systems of the telencephalon. Limbic system.
Encephalic and spinal meninges: dura mater, arachnoid, pia mater, canvas and choroid plexus, the cerebrospinal fluid.
Vascularization of the neuraxis: vascularization of the spinal cord and brain. Internal carotid artery. Vertebrobasilar system. Circle of Willis. Cerebral arteries. Venous sinuses of dura mater. Autonomic nervous system: sympathetic nervous system and related complexes. Brainstem and sacral parasympathetic system.

PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
Spinal nerves, cranial nerves and autonomous nervous system.

Endocrine system: pituitary, pineal gland, thyroid, adrenal glands, endocrine pancreas.

Urinary system: kidneys.

Male and female reproductive system.

Testi/Bibliografia

Felten et al., Netter's Atlas of Neuroscience, Elsevier

Human Anatomy (9th Edition) 9th Editionby Frederic H. Martini

Metodi didattici

Lectures with extensive use of images, such as to facilitate the acquisition of fundamental anatomical basis through the stimulation of visual memory. The course is divided into a series of lectures which are accompanied by practical exercises

Modalità di verifica e valutazione dell'apprendimento

The verification test is oral and will be based on a series of questions that will tend to ascertain the student's knowledge of the topics covered in class.

The final exam aims to assess the achievement of the teaching objectives:

- Know the macroscopic and microscopic anatomy of the apparatus and systems of the human body carried out in class.

The final grade of the integrated course of ANATOMO-PHYSIOLOGICAL BASES OF ORGAN PATHOLOGIES (C.I.) is defined on the average of the grades reported in three specific questions on topics related to the main objectives of the Course.

Strumenti a supporto della didattica

Lecture using computer presentations, laboratory dissection, models and computer programs

Orario di ricevimento

Consulta il sito web di Irene Faenza