69901 - PAN-EUROPEAN SECURITY

Scheda insegnamento

SDGs

L'insegnamento contribuisce al perseguimento degli Obiettivi di Sviluppo Sostenibile dell'Agenda 2030 dell'ONU.

Sconfiggere la povertà Istruzione di qualità Parità di genere Pace, giustizia e istituzioni forti

Anno Accademico 2020/2021

Conoscenze e abilità da conseguire

Students are expected to learn the evolution of security dynamics in the pan-European space. In particular, they will be expected (i) to develop an understanding of some key turning points in Soviet/Russian-American-European relations (early Cold War, Détente, post-Cold War) and of how they shaped and influenced security in Europe during the Cold War and after; (ii) to learn about the evolution of the main international organizations active in European security both during and after the Cold War; and (iii) to learn about the evolution of the concept of security particularly since the end of the Cold War.

Contenuti

The course is organized in lectures and seminars, as detailed in the following program. Lectures (16 hours in remote on MS TEAMS) aim to introduce students to the core tenets of the discipline. Seminars (12 hours) aim to provide occasions for in-depth discussions of class materials and exercises. For the seminar section of the course, students will be divided in two groups according to their preferences and according to rules concerning the current pandemic emergency: one group will do the seminar in classroom (12 hours) and another group will do the seminar remotely on MS TEAMS (12 hours), for a total of 28 hours for each student. Students are required to carefully read the assigned material before the session and - in the case of seminars - active participation through presentations of existing scholarship and case studies will also be expected. Regardless of the health-related conditions and the specific organization of the course, students will be able to follow the lessons of the entire course remotely on MS TEAMS.

 

TOPICS:

Part One: The Concepts

Introduction - What Is Security?

What Is “European” Security?

IR and Security (1): Realism and Liberalism

IR and Security (3): Constructivism and Post-Positivism

Security Governance and Securitization

Technology and security

 

Part Two: Historical Roots

European Security During The Cold War 

The Post-Cold War Transition 

 

 Part Three: The Actors and the Challenges

The European Union: EU's Peculiar Foreign Policy

The EU: The European Union's Common Security and Defence Policy

EU migration policy

Migration and terrorism

NATO: History and Functioning

NATO: Partnerships, Enlargements and Relations with Russia -

Other Organizations: The OSCE, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and CSTO

Energy security

Arms control

 

Testi/Bibliografia

PROGRAMME WITH READING

PART ONE: THE CONCEPTS

Introduction - What is Security?– Lecture


1. Paul D. Williams, “Introduction”, in Security studies: an introduction / edited by Paul D. Williams and Matt McDonald. - 3. Ed London ; New York : Routledge, 2018 [in the Ruffilli library]
2. Andrew Cottey, Chapter I: “Security in the 21st Century Europe”, in Security in the 21st Century Europe, Palgrave, Macmillan, 2013, pp. 6-33.

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What is “European” Security? – Lecture
Same as above plus

Elena Lazarou, Peace and Security in 2019. Overview of EU action and outlook for the future, European Parliament, Chapter 1, pp. 8-21 [available at: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2019/637894/EPRS_STU(2019)637894_EN.pdf]

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IR and Security (a): Realism and Liberalism – Lecture
Reading:
Paul D. Williams and Matt McDonald (eds) Security studies: an introduction - 3. Ed London ; New York : Routledge, 2018; Chapters “Realism” and “Liberalism”.

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IR and Security (b): Constructivism and Post-Positivism –Lecture

Reading:
Williams and McDonald “Security Studies” (as above): Chapters “Constructivism” and “Critical Theory”

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Security Governance and securitization - Lecture
Reading:
1. Mark Webber , “Security Governance”, in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 17-40. [course material]
2. Clara Eroukhmanoff, “Securitization Theory: an introduction”, in International Relations Theory – Available at: https://www.e-ir.info/2018/01/14/securitisation-theory-an-introduction/

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PART TWO: HISTORICAL ROOTS

The Cold War and the Post-Cold War Transition - Seminar with Students’ Presentations*
Reading:
1. John Ikenberry, “The restructuring of the international system after the Cold War”, in M. Leffler & A. Westad (eds.), The Cambridge History of the Cold War, Vol. III: 2010 [course material]
Background reading: Antony Best et al., International History of the Twentieth Century and Beyond , London and New York, Routledge, 2015, 3rd edition, Chapters 9, 11, 20 and 23 [course material].

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The transformation of Russia's foreign policy - Lecture

Reading to be distributed.

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PART THREE: THE ACTORS AND THE CHALLENGES

NATO: History and Functioning - Lecture with Students' Presentation
Reading:
1. David Yost, “NATO's evolving Purpose and the next geo-strategic Concept,” International Affairs 86:2 (March 2010), pp. 489-522 . [course material]
2. Andrew Cottey, “NATO”, in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 638-655. [course material]

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NATO: Partnerships, Enlargements and Relations with Russia- Seminar with Students' Presentation
Reading:
same as above plus:
1. Fact Sheets: NATO Enlargement & Partnerships: https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_49212.htm ; https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_84336.htm?

2. Markus Kaim, Reforming NATO’s Parnerships, SWP Research Paper 2017/RP 01, January 2017

Available at: https://www.swp-berlin.org/en/publication/reforming-natos-partnerships/
3. Marten, K. (2018). Reconsidering NATO expansion: A counterfactual analysis of Russia and the West in the 1990s. European Journal of International Security,3 (2), 135-161. doi:10.1017/eis.2017.16

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The European Union: EU's Peculiar Foreign and Security Policy - Lecture
Reading:
1. Keukeleire, S. & T. Delreux, The Foreign Policy of the European Union, 2nd edition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, Chapters 1 and 2. [course material]

2. James Sperling “The European Union and the grand security strategy for post-Westphalian governance”, in S. Economides and J. Sperling, EU Security Strategies. Extending the EU system of Security Governance, Routledge, 2018, pp. 1-25. [course material]
[Further, non compulsory, reference book: Elena Lazarou, Peace and Security in 2019. Overview of EU action and outlook for the future, European Parliament, Chapter 1, pp. 8-21, available at: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2019/637894/EPRS_STU(2019)637894_EN.pdf ]

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The EU: The European Union's Common Security and Defence Policy 1
– Seminar with Students' Presentations
Reading:
1. Keukeleire, S. & T. Delreux, The Foreign Policy of the European Union, 2nd edition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, Chapter 7, 8. [course material]

2. Andrew Cottey, The EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy” in S. Economides and J. Sperling, EU Security Strategies. Extending the EU system of Security Governance, Routledge, 2018, pp. 125-142. [course material]


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The EU: The European Union's Common Security and Defence Policy 2 –Seminar

Reading:
1. Elena Lazarou, Peace and Security in 2019. Overvieìw of EU action and outlook for the future, European Parliament, Chapter 1, pp. 63-89, available at: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2019/637894/EPRS_STU(2019)637894_EN.pdf ]
2. Stephan Lehne, “Is there hope for EU foreign policy?” Carnegie Europe paper 5 december 2017, available at: https://carnegieeurope.eu/2017/12/05/is-there-hope-for-eu-foreign-policy-pub-74909
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Migration and Terrorism

Guest Secure

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Parallel debates on EU Foreign and security policy:

1. Surname letter A-H (room International Relation)

Question: Has EU foreign and security policy become more capable, visible and coherent in the past 10 years?

2. Surname letter I-O (Room PES)

Question: What are the 5 main challenges to the development of a capable, visible and coherent foreign and security policy?

3. Surname letter P-Z (Room Workshop on Public Speaking)

Question: What scenarios can we envisage for the EU foreign and security policy in 10 years time?

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EU, Migration and the Collective Securitization of Schengen
Lecture - Reading:
James Sperling and Mark Webber, “The European Union: security governance and collective securitization”, West European Politics, Special issue on The European Union, Security Governance and Collective Securitisation (Guest editors S. Lucarelli. J. Sperling and M. Webber), 42(2), 2019.
Michela Ceccorulli, “Back to Schengen: the collective securitisation of the EU free-border area”, West European Politics, Special issue on The European Union, Security Governance and Collective Securitisation (Guest editors S. Lucarelli. J. Sperling and M. Webber), 42(2), 2019.

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Brexit and European Security

Guest Lecture

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Other Organizations: The OSCE, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and CSTO – Seminar with Students' presentation

Reading:
1. Andrew Cottey, “The other Europe. Regional security governance in Europe's East”, in S. Breslin and S. Croft eds) Comparative Regional Security Governance, Routledge 2012. [course material]
2. David Galbreath and Aynur Seidyusif, “Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe”, in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 656-670. [course material]

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Challenges to European Security

Liberature to be distributed

The collective securitization of Health

The Challenge of foreign Fighters in Europe

Cyber security: how is Europe dealing with it

The impact of Covid_19 on European security

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REFERENCE TEXTS

NB: this is not compulsory reading but material for those who feel they need to gain background information on topics addressed in the course

HISTORY:

Antony Best et al., International History of the Twentieth Century and Beyond , London and New York, Routledge, 2013

EU:

Christopher Hill and Michael Smith (eds) International relations and the European Union Oxford university press, 2017 (3rd ed.).

Keukeleire, S. & T. Delreux, The Foreign Policy of the European Union, 2nd edition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014

Security :

Paul D. Williams “Security Studies : an Introduction”, Routledge 201

Myriam Dunn Cavelty and Victor Mauer (eds), Routledge Handbook of Security Studies - London : Routledge,

 

Metodi didattici

lectures, seminars, students' presentations

Modalità di verifica dell'apprendimento

NB: Class attendance in compulsory

Students will be evaluated on the basis of:
- class participation
- a final paper
- a final oral exam

The paper

- Topic to be chosen (in agreement with the Professor) by April 15 at the latest.

- length: max 3.000 words plus bibliography

- the text should be scanned through the anti-plagiarism system of the university

- deadline: May 28, by email, then bring the printed copy at the first lesson afterwards

Rules for presentations:

- 10 minutes each

- power point circulated to the class, inclusive of bibliography

Oral exam:

A final colloquium with the teacher on the entire programme, aimed at assessing the student’s preparation on the topics addressed and studied on the reading material.

 

 

 

Strumenti a supporto della didattica

power point

Orario di ricevimento

Consulta il sito web di Sonia Lucarelli