Scheda insegnamento

  • Docente Armando Bazzani

  • Crediti formativi 6

  • SSD FIS/01

  • Modalità didattica Convenzionale - Lezioni in presenza

  • Lingua di insegnamento Inglese

  • Campus di Bologna

  • Corso Laurea Magistrale in Physics (cod. 9245)

Anno Accademico 2019/2020

Conoscenze e abilità da conseguire

At the end of the course the student will have the basic knowledge of Complex Systems Physics with application to biological and social systems. He/she will acquire theoretical tools to analyze, predict and control the evolution of models, including: - statistical physics and dynamical system theory of complex systems; - dynamics of systems on network structures; - stochastic thermodynamics; - stochastic dynamical systems.


Definition of complex systems and introduction to Complex Systems Physics

Modeling problem of a complex system: different tipologies of models according to the different description scales of the considered phenomenon, discrete and cotinuous moldes, deterministic and stochastic models, definition of control parameters, thermodynamic limit, emergent properties, critical phenomena and phase transitions, comparison with experimental observations and the validation problem. Examples of complex sytems in Physics, Biology and Social systems.


Mathematical methods for complex systems

Introduction to dynamical systems theory, averaging principle and ergodic theory, chaotic systems and existence of strange attractors. Stochastic dynamical systems and elements of probability theory. Random walks, Markov processes and diffusion processes. Wiener process and stochastic differential equations. Chapman-Kolmogorov equation, Stochastic Liouville equation and Fokker-Planck equations. Central limit theorem, Levy flights and power law distributions. Basic notions of spectral theory for random matrices.


Introduction to non-equilibrium statistical physics

Background of Classical Statistical Mechanics: Maxwell-Bolzmann distribution, Maximum Entropy Principles and their relation withShannon information theory. Discrete Markov models and Statistical Mechanics, stationary versus equilibrium states,reversible and irreversible processes, detailed balance condition entropy production and irreversibility, introduction to Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy for Markov systems. Fluctuations in systems at equilibrium, Onsager reciprocity relations phase transitions and self-organized criticalities in complex systems.


Dynamical Systems on Networks:

definition of networks and introduction to their topological properties, networks as models of complex interactions, free scale networks and power law distributions, random walks on networks, model for traffic dynamics and effects nonlinear interaction (congestion transition), spectral properties of Laplacian and Stochastic matrices.


Introduction cellular Automata: definition and propeties of a cellular automata, application to kinetic growth models, sand pile models modeling complex systems using cellular automata.



Materials and notes provided by the professor

Nino Boccara "Modeling Complex Systems" Graduate Text in Contemporary Physics, Springer, 2004
Per Bak "How Nature Works: The Science of Self-Organised Criticality" New York, NY: Copernicus Press, 1996

N. G. Van Kampen, Stochastic Processes in Physics and Chemistry. Elsevier, 2007.

K. Huang "Statistical Mechanics" ISBN: 978-0-471-81518-1, 1988

Yaneer Bar-yam Dynamics Of Complex Systems Perseus Books Cambridge, MA, USA ©1997

Gregoire Nicolis, Catherine Nicolis Foundations of Complex Systems Nonlinear Dynamics, Statistical Physics, Information and Prediction World Scientific, 3 set 2007

Complex Systems and Networks Dynamics, Controls and Applications Editors: Lu, J., Yu, X., Chen, G., Yu, W. (Eds.) Springer 2016

Roberto Livi, Paolo Politi, Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics A Modern Perspective cambridge university press 2017

Metodi didattici

Frontal lessons and exercises

Modalità di verifica e valutazione dell'apprendimento

In deep analysis of a subject among those discussed in the course by a short thesis and computer simulations

Strumenti a supporto della didattica

use of computer for model simulations

Orario di ricevimento

Consulta il sito web di Armando Bazzani