00498 - Hygiene

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2017/2018

Learning outcomes

By the end of the course the student: has acquired basic knowledge of health determinants, prevention, health education; knows the fundamental means to prevent the main infectious and non-infectious diseases and to promote the childhood wellbeing in community pre-school services.

Course contents

Introduction to Hygiene– Definition of the concept of health, prevention, health education.

General aspects of infectious diseases: microorganisms, host-parasite relationships, organism's biological defences.

General epidemiology of infectious diseases: sources of infection, transmission modalities, favouring conditions.

Infectious disease prevention: vaccine prophylaxis, schedule for vaccines in newborns; seroprophylaxis, notification, isolation, disinfection, sterilization, disinfestation.

Epidemiology and prevention of most important childhood infectious diseases which can be transmitted through respiratory secretions (measles, mumps, rubella, whooping cough, chickenpox, meningitis), through oro-fecal way (acute gastroenteritis and salmonellosis), through direct contact (conjunctivitis).

Outline of infections transmitted through blood contact (hepatitis B, AIDS).

Epidemiology and prevention of parasitic diseases: pediculosis, oxyuriasis.

Prevention and control measures in nursery services: behaviour of educators, child hygiene, exclusion from and readmission to communities.

Nutrition hygiene: main nutrients, indications for correct nutrition. Nutrition in nursery service: breastfeeding and artificial, weaning, special diets.

Food hygiene: food safety, foodborne deseases, methods of conservation and food control.

Noninfectious diseases of particular relevance to children: diabetes, dental caries, allergies and intolerances, childhood obesity.

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

First Aid in community pre-school services.

Readings/Bibliography

Testo di riferimento:

  • Barbuti S, Fara GM, Giammanco G, Carducci A, Coniglio MA, D’Alessandro D, Montagna MT, Tanzi ML, Zotti CM. “Igiene Terza edizione, 2011, Monduzzi Editore

Materiale didattico da scaricare on line:

  • Azienda Usl di Bologna "La pediculosi del capo”: www.comune.bologna.it/media/files/pediculosi_a_scuola.pdf
  • Comune di Bologna “La salute al nido. Informazioni riguardanti l’igiene, le malattie, l’alimentazione”. Anno educativo 2015/16. http://www.comune.bologna.it/media/files/la_salute_al_nido_20152016_1.pdf
  • Servizio Sanitario Regionale Emilia-Romagna Sicurezza e igiene degli alimenti”: http://salute.regione.emilia-romagna.it/documentazione/materiale-informativo/pubblicazioni/sicurezza-e-igiene-degli-alimenti-guida-per-gli-operatori-del-settore-alimentare-giugno-2005
  • SaPeRiDoc (Centro di documentazione sulla salute perinatale, riproduttiva e sessuale)- Salute nell’infanzia: Prevenzione della SIDS “Che cos’è la SIDS” e “Raccomandazioni per la prevenzionehttp://www.saperidoc.it/flex/cm/pages/ServeBLOB.php/L/IT/IDPagina/715
  • Quaderni del Ministero della Salute n.25 ottobre 2015: cap.1 "L'allattamento al seno"; cap.2 "L'alimentazione nei bambini" http://www.quadernidellasalute.it/download/download/25- ottobre-2015-quaderno.pdf

Teaching methods

Frontal lectures, seminars.

Assessment methods

The exam consists of a written test.

Teaching tools

The teaching material presented during lessons will be made available to students in electronic format through the internet (http:/campus.unibo.it). Password is reserved for the students of Bologna University

Office hours

See the website of Rossella Sacchetti