Laurea Magistrale a ciclo unico (Single cycle degree/Combined Bachelor and Master - 300/360 ECTS) in Medicine and Surgery

Degree programme

Programme type Laurea Magistrale a ciclo unico (Single cycle degree/Combined Bachelor and Master - 300/360 ECTS)
Academic Year 2017/2018
General policies and regulations D.M. 270
Code 9210
Degree Programme Class LM-41 - Medicine
Years in which the programme is being held Year 1 only
Teaching mode Traditional lecture (classroom-taught)
Admission typology Restricted access
Place of teaching Bologna
Type International Degree Programme
Degree Programme Director Franco Trevisani
Teachers Teachers
Language English

Programme profile

The main aim of the Single-Cycle Degree Programme in Medicine and Surgery is to provide medical graduates with the knowledge and skills required to practice a modern kind of Medicine; they must be able to incorporate health promotion, disease prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation into their practice, and they must be able to do so in an international context as well. The programme curriculum delivers these goals thanks to the following features:
- Basic medical disciplines are taught in an integrated fashion thoroughout the different branches of knowledge. Integrated teaching has a two-fold advantage: on the one hand, it leads students to develop a unified vision of a complex system; on the other hand, it helps professors organise their teaching activities with an increased focus on the relevance of each learning objective within the wider frame of human biology;
- Medical Humanities, communicative skills, health promotion, health and disease concepts in the globalised world, community medicine, and intercultural mediation are prominent topics of the curriculum;
- Students begin practical learning activities early on, developing increasingly complex skills as they progress through the programme. Years 1 and 2 feature clinical clerkships; year 2 clerkships allow students to learn to approach the physicall examination of patients through elements of medical semeiotics;
- A substantial number of ECTS credits is dedicated to clinical clerkships. In addition, a variety of teaching modalities such as laboratories, practical classes, e-learning, small group activities, interdisciplinary seminars, problem-based learning, discussion of clinical cases and clinical guidelines are designed to elicit the active participation of students;
- Critical and scientific analysis skills are developed and refined systematically during the programme. Graduates will then be able to assess unknown concepts and situations in a critical manner, and to participate in national and international clinical research teams;
- The use of English as the official language allows graduates to become proficient in English medical terminology, facilitating their access to medical literature, international meetings and collaborations. Graduates will be able to communicate better with foreign patients, and to interact with colleagues from different countries for clinical and research purposes. The English language programme may also attract students from abroad, creating a multicultural student community which will help foster communication skills essential to the medical profession. Student and staff mobility to/from foreign Universities is also expected to benefit, helping familiarise graduates with international settings.

The 6-year Degree Programme contains 360 ECTS credits, as prescribed by Italian and European law, of which 64 are dedicated to clinical clerkships.
During Year 1, students are introduced to basic concepts of the medical profession (Medical Humanities); basic knowledge of biochemistry, physics, tissue and molecular organisation of organs; and a basic life support clinical clerkship to begin their approach to clinical training.
Year 2 focuses on morphology and the normal functioning of organs; anatomy, physiology and biochemistry are taught as integrated disciplines,progressing towards semeiotics (the ability to perform a medical examination and to discern between normal and abnormal conditions) and the development of basic clinical skills.
From Year 3 to Year 5, teaching focuses on clinical skills through the attendance of formal lessons, seminars and clinical clerkships which integrate diagnosis, clinical and surgical skills, pathological anatomy, and pharmacology.
Year 6 focuses on clinical reasoning based on previously acquired knowledge and on the scientific method; this is applied also in emergency situations.
Finally, the elaboration of a thesis represents an important educational opportunity for students to show their critical thinking skills and their ability to apply the scientific method.

Expected learning outcomes

KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING

Graduates know:

• The morphological, biochemical, physiological, andsocial factors that contribute to the health status of individuals.
• Causes, mechanisms, diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for the most commondiseases.
• National healthcare organisation, ethical and legal aspects of the medicalprofession.
• Clinical experimentation methods and scientific professional updating tools.

Graduates acquire knowledge through lectures,interdisciplinary workshops, e-learning, small-group activities, laboratories,problem-solving, discussion of clinical cases, and clinical clerkships. SinceEnglish is the language of instruction, graduates also improve their Englishlanguage competence.

Knowledge will be assessed through exams, intermediatetests, practical evaluations, and the final dissertation.

APPLYING KNOWLEDGE ANDUNDERSTANDING

Graduates can:
• Assess the health status of patients, taking into account their lifestyle andother congenital or environmental risk factors, and suggest adequate preventionstrategies.
• Prescribe adequate therapies for the most common diseases and recommendfurther specialised diagnostic and therapeutic strategies when needed.
• Cooperate with other healthcare professionals to manage complex patients.
• Assess the scientific and ethical accuracy of innovative medical approaches.
• Assess medical exams and documents written in English, and communicate withEnglish-speaking patients.

Graduates develop abilities to apply knowledge throughlectures, interdisciplinary workshops, e-learning, small-group activities,laboratories, exercises, discussion of clinical cases, and clinical clerkships.Teaching methodologies will be predominantly interactive, allowing students totake an active role in acquiring knowledge, in order to develop clinicalreasoning skills and communicate in English.

The capacity to apply knowledge will be assessedthrough exams, intermediate tests, practical evaluations, and the finaldissertation.

MAKING JUDGEMENTS

Graduates can identify and interpret relevant data tosolve simple and complex health-related issues. They can distinguish whetherinaccuracies result from incomplete medical or scientific knowledge, or fromtechnical limitations. In the aforementioned contexts, they are able to takeinto account their ethical and social responsibilities when drawingconclusions.
More specifically, graduates can:
1) Use information from biomedical research (both pre-clinical and clinical) ina critical way, and follow the principles of evidence-based medicine;
2) Further elaborate the deontological aspects of the medical profession asgeneral ethical issues, and for the specific social context of patients.

Knowledge and skills will be learnt and assessedthrough laboratories, clinical clerkships, workshops, and the preparation ofthe final examination.

COMMUNICATION SKILLS

Graduates can interact in international andmulticultural settings with other healthcare professionals, colleagues,collaborators, and patients and their families. . In the face of suchspecialised and general audiences, graduates can:
1) Express information related to their professional activity in a simple,clear, and concise form, orally or in writing, and taking into account thecultural level of their audience;
2) Interact respectfully and with intellectual honesty with patients, in orderto support them in making their health-related decisions, and with their familymembers to share the patient's point of view and behaviour.

Knowledge and skills will be learnt and assessedmainly during clinical clerkships, when students are exposed to a number ofinteractive situations. Skills will also be assessed through laboratories,clinical clerkships, workshops, and the preparation of the final examination.

LEARNING SKILLS

Graduates can:
• continue their studies autonomously;
• keep up-to-date in their specific professional branch;
• consult international databases and literature;
• participate in international scientific events, contributing data andexchanging information.

Finally, graduates can practise the medical professionwithin its normative and ethical boundaries.

Skills learnt during the entire programme are assessedduring individual learning activities and by the preparation of the finalexamination.

Career opportunities

Medical Doctors:

• Promote health as defined by the World HealthOrganisation (“a state of complete physical, mental, and socialwell-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”) byidentifying and correcting unhealthy lifestyles, and applying strategies ofdisease prevention and early diagnosis;
• Identify pathological processes and their diagnostic procedures;
• Identify and recommends therapies for commonly occurring diseases;
• Act as counsellors and facilitate interaction between patients andspecialised medical doctors for diseases that require further consultation.

Medical Doctors work according to the currentprovisions of Italian and European law.

The Single-Cycle Degree in Medicine and Surgery allowsgraduates to access medical specialization programmes in clinical and surgicalspecialties, as well as in health services and general practice; second-cyclepost-graduate programmes; PhD programmes.

In order to perform their duties, Medical Doctors musthave specific and transversal skills. Specifically, they musthave:
• Theoretical knowledge of basic scientific disciplines, and the ability toapply it in the practice of medicine;
• Knowledge of the historical, epidemiological, epistemological, ethical, andlegal aspects of medicine;
• A global vision of medicine and of the repercussions of increasingglobalisation on medical practice;
• Scientific bases and theoretical-practical skills required to practicemedicine;
• Competences and methodologies for lifelong education;
• An inter-disciplinary approach to people's health issues which takes intoaccount their broad chemical, physical, biological, and social environment,leading to full professional autonomy;
• Clinical examination skills to assess the health and disease status ofindividuals in the light of basic scientific knowledge, as well associo-cultural and gender-related dimensions;
• Competence, experience, and self-assessment skills required to solve the mainhealth-related issues from a preventive, diagnostic, prognostic, therapeutic,and rehabilitative point of view;
• Ability to communicate clearly and empathetically with patients and theirfamilies, also in international and multicultural contexts;
• Ability to cooperate with other health professionals as part of a team;
• Knowledge of the principles of health economics and their application tohealthcare services;
• Critical skills for the interpretation of scientific knowledge in biomedicalcontexts, and adequate knowledge of scientific methods to participate inclinical trial research teams.

The main occupational outlets forMedical Doctors are:
• Public and private medical practices;
• Hospitals and specialised healthcare centres;
• Healthcare centres for patients with chronic and/or degenerative diseases;
• Universities and research centres;
• Health and humanitarian organisations, both national and international.

The international approach ofthe Degree Programme and the focus on global health topics expand theoccupational opportunities for graduates internationally in terms of furthertraining, employment and research.