87694 - ETA' ROMANA

Course Unit Page

  • Teacher Ivano Pontoriero

  • Credits 5

  • SSD IUS/18

  • Teaching Mode Traditional lectures

  • Language Italian

  • Campus of Ravenna

  • Degree Programme First cycle degree programme (L) in Legal Consultant in Business and Public Administration (cod. 9242)

  • Teaching resources on Virtuale

  • Course Timetable from Feb 21, 2022 to Mar 22, 2022


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Quality education

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

At the end of the first part of the course, the student will know the institutes of Roman commercial and maritime law. The acquired knowledge will allow a better understanding of the subsequent developments of the Roman tradition.

Course contents

1. Roman business law

Roman legal terminology relating to the commercial activity

Historical periods of Roman business law

2. Negotiationes and negotiatores

Edicts and commercial activity during the entrepreneurial period

Actiones adiecticiae qualitatis

3. The banking enterprise

Jurisdiction over bankers and the possibility to configure a "banking law"

Bank account

Types of bank deposit and speculative activities

Credit intermediation in auction sales (auctiones)

Receptum argentarii

Interests arising from banking activities (usurae)

Organizational models and legal aspects of the functioning and the ceasing of banking activities

4. The shipping enterprise

Organizational models

Types of contractual activities and liability

Fenus nauticum

Lex Rhodia de iactu

5. The enterprise of slave-traders (venaliciarii)

The edict of the curule aediles on the sale of slaves

Seller’s liability criteria


P. Cerami - A. Petrucci, Diritto commerciale romano. Profilo storico, Torino 2010.

Teaching methods

Lessons will be held through the examination and discussion in the classroom of the Roman legal sources.

The lectures will take place during the second semester.

Assessment methods

The evaluation of the examination will be carried out taking into consideration:

- the knowledge of institutional profiles;

- the ability to analyze the decisions of the courts and the opinions of academic commentators;

- the ability to make connections among the different parts of the program;

- the ability to develop critical arguments;

- the articulation of the exposure;

- the accuracy of the exposure.

By way of example, the following criteria will be used to assess the final mark (that will be out of 30/30):

  • sufficient or barely sufficient knowledge on the programme, limited reasoning ability, some difficulties in using technical and legal language → 18-21/30;
  • fairly good knowledge of the programme, adequate critical reasoning ability, sound use of technical and legal language → 22-25/30;
  • comprehensive knowledge of the programme, notable reasoning ability, good command of technical and legal language → 26-29/30;
  • extensive knowledge of the programme, very good reasoning ability, and ability to fully master technical-legal language → 30-30L/30.

Registration for the final exam will have to be done using the Almaesami platform (https://almaesami.unibo.it/almaesami/welcome.htm).

Teaching tools

The teaching materials will be made available through the "Insegnamenti OnLine" platform (https://iol.unibo.it/).

Students which need compensatory tools for reasons of disability or Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) will communicate to the teacher their needs so as to be directed to the dedicated person and arrange on the adoption of the most appropriate measures.

Office hours

See the website of Ivano Pontoriero