69901 - Pan-European Security

Course Unit Page

SDGs

This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

No poverty Quality education Gender equality Peace, justice and strong institutions

Academic Year 2020/2021

Learning outcomes

Students are expected to learn the evolution of security dynamics in the pan-European space. In particular, they will be expected (i) to develop an understanding of some key turning points in Soviet/Russian-American-European relations (early Cold War, Détente, post-Cold War) and of how they shaped and influenced security in Europe during the Cold War and after; (ii) to learn about the evolution of the main international organizations active in European security both during and after the Cold War; and (iii) to learn about the evolution of the concept of security particularly since the end of the Cold War.

Course contents

The course is organized in lectures and seminars, as detailed in the following program. Lectures (16 hours in remote on MS TEAMS) aim to introduce students to the core tenets of the discipline. Seminars (12 hours) aim to provide occasions for in-depth discussions of class materials and exercises. For the seminar section of the course, students will be divided in two groups according to their preferences and according to rules concerning the current pandemic emergency: one group will do the seminar in classroom (12 hours) and another group will do the seminar remotely on MS TEAMS (12 hours), for a total of 28 hours for each student. Students are required to carefully read the assigned material before the session and - in the case of seminars - active participation through presentations of existing scholarship and case studies will also be expected. Regardless of the health-related conditions and the specific organization of the course, students will be able to follow the lessons of the entire course remotely on MS TEAMS.

 

CALENDAR (with compulsory reading)

PART 1 - LECTURES

Tuesday, 23 February
What is (European) security?


Reading:

• Paul D. Williams, “Introduction”, in Security studies: an introduction / edited by Paul D. Williams and Matt McDonald. - 3. Ed London ; New York : Routledge, 2018 [in the Ruffilli library]

• Munich Security Conference Report 2020 - https://securityconference.org/assets/user_upload/MunichSecurityReport2020.pdf


Thursday, 25 February
European security

Reading:
• Andrew Cottey, “Security in the 21st Century Europe”, in Security in the 21st Century Europe, Palgrave, Macmillan, 2013, Chapter I:. pp. 6-33.


Tuesday, 2 March
IR and security studies 1

Reading:
• Paul D. Williams and Matt McDonald (eds) Security studies: an introduction - 3. Ed London ; New York : Routledge, 2018; Chapters “Realism”; “Liberalism”; “Constructivism”, [Critical Theory].


Thursday, 4 March
IR and security studies 2

Reading :
• Mark Webber , “Security Governance”, in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 17-40.

• Clara Eroukhmanoff, “Securitization Theory: an introduction”, in International Relations Theory – Available at: https://www.e-ir.info/2018/01/14/securitisation-theory-an-introduction/


Tuesday, 9 March
The EU as a security actor: the nature of the beast

Reading :
• Keukeleire, S. & T. Delreux, The Foreign Policy of the European Union, 2nd edition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, Chapter 1

• James Sperling “The European Union and the grand security strategy for post-Westphalian governance”, in S. Economides and J. Sperling, EU Security Strategies. Extending the EU system of Security Governance, Routledge, 2018, pp. 1-25.

Background reading on, respectively, the foreign policy historical developments and institutions of the EU: Keukeleire, S. & T. Delreux, Chapter 2, 3 and 4

Thursday, 11 March
The EU as a security actor: CFSP, CSDP

Reading:
• Keukeleire, S. & T. Delreux, The Foreign Policy of the European Union, 2nd edition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, Chapter 7, 8.

• Andrew Cottey, The EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy. Institutions without strategy” in S. Economides and J. Sperling, EU Security Strategies. Extending the EU system of Security Governance, Routledge, 2018, pp. 125-142.

• Optional: Duke, S. (2016). The Common Security and Defense Policy. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics



Tuesday, 16 March
NATO and its transformation 1

Reading:
• Andrew Cottey, “NATO”, in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 638-655.

• Sperling, J., & Webber, M. (2020, January 30). North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.


Thursday, 18 March
Reflecting on Post-Cold War Security Institutions
Guest Lecture Dr Nicolò Fasola (University of Birmingham)

Reading:
• Markus Kaim, Reforming NATO’s Parnerships, SWP Research Paper 2017/RP 01, January 2017. Available at: https://www.swp-berlin.org/en/publication/reforming-natos-partnerships/

• Díaz-Plaja, R. (2018), Projecting Stability: An Agenda For Action, in “NATO Review” (https://www.nato.int/docu/review/articles/2018/03/13/projecting-stability-an-agenda-for-action/index.html


Tuesday, 23 March
NATO and its transformation 2

Reading:
• Marten, K. (2018). Reconsidering NATO expansion: A counterfactual analysis of Russia and the West in the 1990s. European Journal of International Security,3 (2), 135-161. doi:10.1017/eis.2017.16

• Nicolò Fasola and Sonia Lucarelli (2020) “NATO-Russia relations through the prism of strategic culture”, in Bianchini, S. and Fiori, A. (eds) Rethinking the Strong State in Russia and China. Dynamics of Foreign Policy Projections. Leiden: Brill, Series: International Comparative Social Studies, Volume 45. pp. 223-248

• Brief article from NATO Review:

• Stefanova R. (2017), A personal take on NATO-Russia relations, in “NATO Review” (https://www.nato.int/docu/review/articles/2017/06/13/a-personal-take-on-nato-russia-relations/index.html).

• Rühle M. (2014), NATO enlargement and Russia: myths and realities, in “NATO Review” (https://www.nato.int/docu/review/articles/2014/07/01/nato-enlargement-and-russia-myths-and-realities/index.html).


Thursday, 25 March
NATO and its transformation
Guest Lecture Prof. James Sperling (Akron University)



Tuesday, 30 March
"From Russia with Love. How the pandemic impacted Russian Foreign Policy"
Guest Lecture Prof. Mara Morini (University of Genoa)


Thursday 1 April 2021
Tips for academic papers and presentations: how to identify the topic, organize the work and use reliable sources
Guest lecture by Prof. Matteo Dian (University of Bologna)

 

 

_____________________________________________________

(b) SEMINAR CLASSES
Legenda:
Group in presence – Tuesdays 11-13
Group Online – Thursdays 13-15
All online – Tuesday or Thursday please check!

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- GROUP ONLINE –


Thursday, 8 April – O
The other organizations

Students’ presentation on the OSCE, Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Collective Security Treaty Organization
& team work in 3 parallel groups, one per topic
Reading:
Andrew Cottey, “The other Europe. Regional security governance in Europe's East”, in S. Breslin and S. Croft eds) Comparative Regional Security Governance, Routledge 2012.

David Galbreath and Aynur Seidyusif, “Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe”, in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 656-670.


Thursday, 15 April – O
Security governance & Collective securitization of terrorism, migration and Cyber

Reading:
James Sperling and Mark Webber, “The European Union: security governance and collective securitization”, West European Politics, Special issue on The European Union, Security Governance and Collective Securitisation (Guest editors S. Lucarelli. J. Sperling and M. Webber), 42(2), 2019.



Thursday, 22 April - O ALL
Russia's Intervention in Syria: Political and Military Aspects

Guest Lecture Mr Nicolò Fasola (University of Birmingham)
Reading:

Averre, D. & Davies, L. (2015). “Russia, Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect: The Case of Syria.” International Affairs, 91:4.

Charap, S., Treyger, E. & Geist, E. (2019). “Understanding Russia’s Intervention in Syria.” RAND Corporation. Online: https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR3180.html


Thursday, 29 April - O
The EU’s role in European security

Reading:
Elena Lazarou, Peace and Security in 2020. Overview of EU action and outlook for the future, European Parliament, available at: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2020/652041/EPRS_STU(2020)652041_EN.pdf


Thursday, 6 May - O
NATO 2030

https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/176155.htm

“NATO 2030 - United for a New Era” – Analysis and Recommendations of the Reflection Group Appointed by the Secretary General, 25 November 2020, available online: https://www.nato.int/nato_static_fl2014/assets/pdf/2020/12/pdf/201201-Reflection-Group-Final-Report-Uni.pdf


Tuesday, 11 May - O
Exceptionally, online ALL
The EU as a cyber security actor in a pandemic world

Guest lecture by Prof. George Christou (Warwick University)


Thursday, 13 May - O
Extremism and societal resilience

Reading:

Joe Mulhall and Safya Khan-Ruf (eds) State of Hate: Far-Right Extremism in Europe 2021 Report. Available at: https://www.hopenothate.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/ESOH-LOCKED-FINAL.pdf


Thursday, 20 May - O
ALL
Information Manipulation and Post-Truth Politics: lessons for the pandemics

Guest Lecture Prof. Serena Giusti (Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa)

Tuesday, 25 May– ALL online
Roundtable: The future of European security in a post-crises scenario –

---------------------------------------------------------

- GROUP IN PRESENCE –


Tuesday, 13 April – P
The other organizations:

Students’ presentation on the OSCE, Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Collective Security Treaty Organization
& team work in 3 parallel groups, one per topic
Reading:
Andrew Cottey, “The other Europe. Regional security governance in Europe's East”, in S. Breslin and S. Croft eds) Comparative Regional Security Governance, Routledge 2012.

David Galbreath and Aynur Seidyusif, “Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe”, in James Sperling (ed) Handbook of Governance and Security, Edward Elgar, Northampton USA, 2014, pp. 656-670.


Tuesday, 20 April - P
Security governance & Collective securitization of terrorism, migration and Cyber

Reading:
James Sperling and Mark Webber, “The European Union: security governance and collective securitization”, West European Politics, Special issue on The European Union, Security Governance and Collective Securitisation (Guest editors S. Lucarelli. J. Sperling and M. Webber), 42(2), 2019.


Thursday, 22 April - O ALL
Russia's Intervention in Syria: Political and Military Aspects

Guest Lecture Mr Nicolò Fasola (University of Birmingham)
Reading:

Averre, D. & Davies, L. (2015). “Russia, Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect: The Case of Syria.” International Affairs, 91:4.

Charap, S., Treyger, E. & Geist, E. (2019). “Understanding Russia’s Intervention in Syria.” RAND Corporation. Online: https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR3180.html

Tuesday, 27 April - P
The EU’s role in European security -

Reading:
Elena Lazarou, Peace and Security in 2020. Overview of EU action and outlook for the future, European Parliament, available at: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2020/652041/EPRS_STU(2020)652041_EN.pdf


Tuesday, 4 May - P
NATO 2030

https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/176155.htm

“NATO 2030 - United for a New Era” – Analysis and Recommendations of the Reflection Group Appointed by the Secretary General, 25 November 2020, available online: https://www.nato.int/nato_static_fl2014/assets/pdf/2020/12/pdf/201201-Reflection-Group-Final-Report-Uni.pdf


Tuesday, 11 May - O
Exceptionally, online ALL
The EU as a cyber security actor in a pandemic world

Guest lecture by Prof. George Christou (Warwick University)


Tuesday, 18 May - P

 Extremism and societal resilience

Reading:

Joe Mulhall and Safya Khan-Ruf (eds) State of Hate: Far-Right Extremism in Europe 2021 Report. Available at: https://www.hopenothate.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/ESOH-LOCKED-FINAL.pdf

Thursday, 20 May - O
ALL
Information Manipulation and Post-Truth Politics: lessons for the pandemics

Guest Lecture Prof. Serena Giusti (Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa)

Tuesday, 25 May– ALL online
Roundtable: The future of European security in a post-crises scenario -


Readings/Bibliography

Compulsory reading ad listed above in the calendar of the course.

____________________________________________________

REFERENCE TEXTS

NB: this is not compulsory reading but material for those who feel they need to gain background information on topics addressed in the course

HISTORY:

Antony Best et al., International History of the Twentieth Century and Beyond , London and New York, Routledge, 2013

EU:

Christopher Hill and Michael Smith (eds) International relations and the European Union Oxford university press, 2017 (3rd ed.).

Keukeleire, S. & T. Delreux, The Foreign Policy of the European Union, 2nd edition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014

Security :

Paul D. Williams and Matt McDonald (eds) Security studies: an introduction - 3. Ed London ; New York : Routledge, 2018;

Myriam Dunn Cavelty and Victor Mauer (eds), Routledge Handbook of Security Studies - London : Routledge,

 

Teaching methods

lectures, seminars, students' presentations

Assessment methods

NB: Class attendance in compulsory

Students will be evaluated on the basis of:
- class participation
- a final paper
- a final oral exam

 

The paper

- Topic to be chosen (in agreement with the Professor) by April 15 at the latest.

- length: max 3.000 words included bibliography

- the text should be scanned through the anti-plagiarism system of the university

- deadline: May 30

 

Rules for presentations:

- 10 minutes each

- power point circulated to the class, inclusive of bibliography

Oral exam:

A final colloquium with the teacher on the entire programme, aimed at assessing the student’s preparation on the topics addressed and studied on the reading material.



Teaching tools

power point

Office hours

See the website of Sonia Lucarelli