96679 - Land Survey, Cartography and Rural Planning

Academic Year 2023/2024

  • Moduli: Patrizia Tassinari (Modulo Mod 1) Marco Bovo (Modulo Mod 2)
  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures (Modulo Mod 1) Traditional lectures (Modulo Mod 2)
  • Campus: Bologna
  • Corso: First cycle degree programme (L) in Land and Agro-Forestry Technologies (cod. 5831)

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course, the student acquires the elements relating to the main spatial planning tools for the design of interventions in extra-urban areas, with particular attention to those at the municipal level and the main procedural aspects, and the foundations of the tools and techniques for the survey and representation of rural areas. The student can apply land use protection and regulation tools in the management and planning of interventions in rural areas, as well as to use the technical maps commonly used in rural management and to set up and conduct simple procedures of survey of rural areas.

Course contents

Prerequisites: The student who accesses this teaching has a good preparation in the fundamentals of mathematics, statistics and physics.

Module 1 - Rural landscape planning (40 hours – Prof. Patrizia Tassinari)

Expected results: at the end of the module 1 the student will know the institutional instruments in force, at the regional, provincial and local scale and can understand their effects on the main landscape changes occurred both nationally in the time period considered (beginning of the last century / nowadays) and, with greater level of detail, on the study area taken as a reference in the time period from the second post-war period to today. Moreover, the student can read and interpret the main planning tools and the state of the places.

Module 1 consists of a theoretical teaching unit and a practical teaching unit, directly linked to the theoretical one.

Teaching unit 1 (12 hours): rural landscape planning

In teaching unit 1 we introduce a cultural reference framework within which the territorial, urbanistic and landscape planning regulations are placed, with some references to the environmental one. For this purpose, a time frame is considered suitable for a classification - albeit synthetic - of this context necessary for the understanding of the main evolutions occurred from the last century up to current events for a reasoned understanding of the main transformations occurred on the territory and on the landscape. As regards the landscape aspects, starting from the first theories and conceptions of the landscape, the landscape definition of the European Landscape Convention will be considered (2000). The fundamental laws of the land-use and urban planning discipline and the tools that currently regulate the transformations of the rural territory with a significant reference to the legislative experiences of the Emilia-Romagna region, to the various government scales of the territory.

Within the teaching unit there are also seminar activities for in-depth analysis on specific topics of territorial planning at the local scale.

Teaching unit 2 (28 hours): state of places and current provisions

Teaching unit 2 consists in a practical application part strictly related to the theoretical part of teaching unit 1.

A first phase of theoretical lessons of preparation for laboratory activities is foreseen within this unit. This phase is focused on the analysis of spatial and urban planning instruments referring to a study area specifically chosen for laboratory activities.

The subsequent laboratory phase is divided into two parts.

The first provides, assuming a specific area, which is characterized by a multiplicity of productive vocations and landscape assets, targeted exercises guided step by step by the professor consisting of a critical analysis of the state of planning in progress (at the supra-local and local scale) of the study area that insists in the wider context of the regional territory of Emilia-Romagna.

The second part focuses on the reading led by the professor of the state of the places of the study area. Documentary sources will be researched and analyzed to highlight the main transformations that have taken place in this area from the second post-war period until today. The students (organized in groups) will then be guided in the interpretation and return of the indications deriving both from the reading of the planning tools and from the analysis of plans deriving from the survey in the chosen study area. The reading and analysis of the cartographies used must be conducted through materials and documentary sources provided by the teacher on paper and / or computer support.

The graphics obtained in this way will be discussed and reviewed in the classroom with the professor and then evaluated during the exam.

Module 2 – Land survey and cartography (40 hours – Prof. Marco Bovo)

Expected knowledge and skills: the student knows the main techniques of detailed land survey within the topographic domain, with reference to the celerimetric survey through the total station and satellite survey.


  • General maps and thematic maps, sources, geodatabases, types, standards, and fields of application
  • Introduction to survey and representation of land and rural buildings.
  • Approximate reference surfaces and relevant validity domains for planimetric and elevation survey. The topographic domain: the survey of small areas / fields and rural buildings.
  • Total station celerimetric survey. The survey by means of polar coordinates: polar / cartesian coordinates transformation. Measurements: horizontal angles, vertical angles, inclined distances. Inclined distance, plan distance, difference in altitude. Total station: functioning, setting, collimation and measurement. Merging surveys from different survey points.
  • Fundamentals of satellite survey: absolute and relative positioning.
  • Levelling techniques.
  • Practical applications and demonstrations.


Lecture notes prepared by teachers in relation to all modules (the material is made available on the online platform progressively during the course, functionally for the lectures). Lecture notes given by the professors represent the necessary base if integrated by notes taken by students during the lessons.


- F. Oliva, P. Galuzzi, P. Vitillo, “Progettazione urbanistica”, Maggioli

- Emilio Sereni, “Storia del paesaggio agrario italiano”, Laterza,

- R. Chiumenti, P. Chiumenti, A. Chiumenti. Genio rurale, Topografia e costruzioni. RCS Education, 2016.

- Genio rurale Vol. 1. Carte, misure, rilievi. di R. Cannarozzo, L. Cucchiarini, W. Meschieri. Zanichelli. 2016.

Teaching methods

The course is subdivided into two modules which provide theoretical lessons, seminars and study visits and practical and application parts.

In both the modules, theoretical parts are integrated with practical activities and surveys on a case study chosen for laboratory application activity. In this case the theoretical lessons are the basis for the carrying out of the laboratory activity and for this reason they will be integrated during of the modules, providing for the preparation of graphical works by the students. The content of these works will be the subject of presentation and discussion with the professor. More precisely, each group will present in the classroom the progress of the work during the course, in order to facilitate the exchange of experiences and information among the various groups and to allow a critical discussion and the reception of indications and suggestions by the teacher. During the examination, the student will present the final version of the paper, which will constitute an element of evaluation.

Assessment methods

For the teaching units relating to module 1 the knowledge and skills are assessed through an oral interview, during which the knowledge and skills acquired regarding both teaching units are assessed. The interview includes the illustration and discussion of the papers produced in the laboratory activity. As a rule, the presentation takes place collegially by each group, with exposure and discussion by all the members. The evaluation will take into consideration: the papers produced by the group, the quality of the exposition and discussion of each member of the group, the ability to answer questions even on parts not covered by the presentation and treated by other members of the group, the ability to answer a question about theoretical parts of module 1.

For module 2 the knowledge and skills are assessed through an oral interview, during which the knowledge and skills acquired are assessed. The interview includes the illustration and discussion of the papers and drawings produced in the laboratory activity. As a rule, the presentation takes place singularly by every student. The evaluation will take into consideration: the papers produced by the student, the quality of the exposition and discussion, the ability to answer a question about theoretical parts of module 2.

The final evaluation is expressed in thirtieths. To pass the exam, the student demonstrates that he has acquired sufficient knowledge of the main contents of all the modules. For the achievement of full marks and honour it is necessary a personal deepening of the topics dealt with.

Failure to participate in theoretical lectures or exercises does not preclude passing the exam: those who cannot attend must contact the teacher to agree on a substitute activity.

All dates, times and locations of the examinations are published on the website of the degree course. To subscribe use the web application AlmaEsami.

Teaching tools

Overhead projector and PC for lectures, technic and thematic cartography, planning documents. Survey instruments.

Office hours

See the website of Patrizia Tassinari

See the website of Marco Bovo