Academic Year 2022/2023

Learning outcomes

The module provides the basics for understanding the main aspects of modern power systems/smart grids structure and operation, with particular reference to the electricity distribution network. At the end of the course students are able to understand the main technical problems relevant to the distribution of electric energy in modern smart cities with particular reference to renewable sources integration.

Course contents

The course covers the main key technical issues relevant to the operation and control of modern electric power systems able to supply ground transportation, with particular reference to road electric vehicles and urban mobility (e.g. light railways), including flexible and functional vehicle connection (coordinated operation with the energy sources) and the description of onboard power systems.

The course is divided into two modules of 30 and 30 hours respectively: in the first 30 hours of lectures (Professor Carlo Alberto Nucci) the principles, the structure of the electrical systems, as well as the theoretical basis for their design and the connection to them of renewable source generators is provided; the module 2 of 30 hours (Professor Stefano Lilla) is devoted to the electric vehicles power systems and to their grid integration.

The course program is as follows:

Module 1: Introduction to electric power systems; Power Flow analysis; Power systems stability; Voltage and Reactive Power control; Frequency and Active Power Control. Charging stations impact on the distribution grid management and development. Test cases solution using the Electromagnetic Transient Program.

Module 2: Electric vehicles (EV) framework, classification and battery state of charge optimization (Dynamic Programming); Low voltage distribution systems and safety; EV electrical safety; Microgrids and Energy Management System optimization (Linear, Non-Linear and MIP programming); Grid integration of EVs and optimization (vehicle-to-grid V2G).


Lecture notes and teaching materials (https://iol.unibo.it/).

Further readings:

- "Electric Vehicle Integration into Modern Power Networks", by Rodrigo Garcia-Valle, João Peças Lopes A. (Eds.), Springer, 2013.

- "Elements of power systems analysis", by C.A. Nucci, A. Borghetti, F. Napolitano,  F. Tossani, Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2021


Teaching methods

Traditional university lectures (chalk and board, power point slides, videoclips), interactive exercises with students, plus blended learning in case Covid 19 will pose limitations.

Assessment methods

Oral closed-book final exam (exam schedules at https://almaesami.unibo [https://almaesami.unibo.it/].it [https://almaesami.unibo.it/] ).

The final grade is defined on the basis of the partial grades reported after answering some three specific questions on topics related to the contents of the course.

Students need to deliver a report for each of the EMTP lab sessions attended. Examples of reports will be given during lectures.

No intermediate/partial tests are foreseen.

Teaching tools

Chalk and Board, Power Point Slides and Multi Media Material

Office hours

See the website of Carlo Alberto Nucci


Affordable and clean energy Sustainable cities

This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.