These are post-graduate scientific upgrade and lifelong learning qualifications open to those with a first-cycle or second-cycle degree.
University Masters last at least one year and carry at least 60 university educational credits.
They divide into first and second level: a first-level Masters is open to graduates from a first-cycle degree programme, a second-level to those from a second-cycle degree programme.
Those with a pre-reform degree may enrol for either level of Masters.
The list of professional Masters offered at Bologna University for the a.y 2014/2015 will shortly be available in English.