84542 - Semiconductor Materials and Nanostructures

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2022/2023

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course the student will learn the basic aspects of the physics of semiconducting materials, devices and interfaces, by studying in particular their transport and optical properties. He/she will be introduced also to quantum confinement effects in low dimensional systems and their application to optoelectronic and electronic devices.

Course contents

  1. Semiconductor Physics. Elements of crystal structures, band structure and electronic levels of semiconductors. Ideal and Real crystals (role of defects, surfaces and interfaces). The chemical potential, Statistics. Transport properties, effective mass, current density, conductivity, generation- recombination mechanisms. Shockley Read Hall model. Optical properties of semiconductors.
  2. Surface and interface effects. Schottky model of metal-semiconductor devices. Metal Oxide Semiconductor structure and band diagram, MOS in strong inversion condition, introduction to quantum confinement effects.
  3. Quantum confinement in 2, 1 and 0 dimensions: Band gap engineering. Vergard’s law. quantum wells, wires and dots. Electrical and optical properties of low dimensional semiconductors. Growth and deposition of semiconductor nanostructures: methods and mechanisms. Quantum confinement effects in different confinement potentials. Rectangular potential wells and barriers. Harmonic oscillator. Particle in a spherically symmetric potential. Excitons in semiconductors at the nanoscale. Weak and strong quantum confinement effects. Influence on the optical properties. Investigation of semiconductor nanostructures by electrical, optical and microscopical methods.
  4. Applications of semiconductor nanostructures
  5. Organic Electronics: Historical Remarks and Overview – The Molecular Orbital Theory (MO-LCAO) - Charge carrier generation and transport – Purification, growth and deposition methods – Impurities, defects and trap states.
  6. Applications of organic semiconductors: Organic Field Effect Transistors, Organic light emitting devices, Organic Solar Cells, Organic photodetectors, Organic bioelectronics

Readings/Bibliography

Donald Neamen "Semiconductor Physics And Devices", McGraw-Hill Education, 2003

Grundmann M. The Physics of Semiconductors, Springer

M. Pope and C. E. Swenberg, “Electronic processes in organic crystals and polymers”, Oxford University Press, 1999.

W. Brütting, “Physics of Organic Semiconductors”, Wiley -VCH, 2008

M. Scwoerer, H. C. Wolf, “Organic Molecular Solids”, Wiley -VCH, 2007

Teaching methods

Lectures. Group Discussion on Selected Topics.

Assessment methods

The assessment of the achievement of the learning outcomes is based on the following steps:

  • The student will prepare a report focused on one of the topics of the course where a recent literature research will be also presented. This report must be send by e-mail to the teacher 10 days before the oral exam date.
  • Oral exam: the assessment of the course learning outcomes will start from the topics of the student's report and will cover the main issues of the course.

The final score depends on the capability of the student in the presentation and/or critical analyses of the topics of the course.

Teaching tools

PC, projector, blackboard

Office hours

See the website of Laura Basiricò