74878 - Animal Nutrition And Feeding

Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Zero hunger Climate Action

Academic Year 2022/2023

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course, the student acquires, on a theoretical and practical level, the skills necessary for the choice of concentrated feed, fodder and other feeds, on the basis of their main nutritional characteristics and the anti-nutritional factors present. In particular, the student is able to interpret the indications regarding the nutritional needs of domestic animals, adapting them to their different production phases and their food consumption capacity, also foreseeing the effects of technological treatments.

Course contents

General properties and nutritional roles of carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
The metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins in ruminants and monogastric Vitamins: general considerations and definitions. Vitaminosi, avitaminosis. Hypo-, dis-, hypervitaminosis.
Provitamins, antivitamine, needs, deficiencies, units, names, classifications.
Fat-soluble vitamins and idrosulubili: metabolism, signs of deficiency, sources of supply, needs .
The mineral elements: general definitions. Calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, chlorine, magnesium,
iron, copper, cobalt, manganese, zinc, iodine and other trace elements.
Metabolism, symptoms deficiency, needs. Sources of supply. The problem of mineral ration in intensive and agrozootecnica within the company.
Food additives, antibiotics, probiotics, prebiotics, enzymes. Generalities, definitions, mechanism of action.
Pigmenting, antioxidants, emulsifiers, flavorings.


- Aghina C. and MALETTO S. "Animal feed Technology" Soc Ed Aesculapius
- Antongiovanni M., M. Gualtieri: Animal Nutrition and Feeding, Agricultural Editions of Calderini srl, Bologna, 1998.
- CAVANI, CASTELLINI, etc.. "Poultry and Rabbit" 2008 Point Veterinaire Italie.
- BERTACCHINI F., I. CAMPANI: Manual of pig breeding, published by the Agricultural Calderini srl, Bologna, 2001.
- Bittante G., I. ANDRIGHETTO, Ramanzin M.: Fundamentals of Animal Husbandry, Liviana Publishing Ltd., 1990.
- CASE LP, CAREY DP, DA HIRAKAWA: "The power of the dog and cat." Mosby-Year Book, Inc. (1997) Edition IAMS reserved.
- NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL (NRC): Nutrient requirement of domestic animals: no. 1 Poultry (1994), no. 2 Pigs (1998), no. 3 Dairy Cattie (2001), no. 4 Beef Cattle (2000) Nat. Acad. Sci, Washington. D.C. - SUCCI G.: "LIVESTOCK SPECIAL" Ed CittàStudi Editions 1995.
- Verstegen M: W: A:, MOUGHAN PJ, SCHRAMA JW: The lactating sow, Wageningen Pers, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 1998.

Teaching methods

The course of ANIMAL FEEDING AND NUTRITION provides for the holding of lectures by the projections of power point slides and other materials to help engage the student in the different phases of the educational activity. Classroom activities are designed to raise awareness of the current computer applications for animal feed as well as tutorials at farms with the aim of identifying practical solutions to the problems outlined theoretical.

Assessment methods

At the end of the course an evaluation of the students is scheduled, consisting of an oral test. The exam is schedulred in presence. Exception are possible following the Regulation of the University by using the web platform provided from the University.

To pass the exam it is necessary for the candidate to reach the mark of 18/30 in each of the 3 questions asked. The evaluation is expressed in terms of answers to the training elements of the course.

The evaluation will be assigned according to the following criteria:

- A very thorough knowledge of the topics addressed in the course, together with strong skills of critical analysis, and a full management of the specific terminology will be evaluated with the maximum score (30-30L).

- An in-depth knowledge of the topics addressed in the course, together with a good analytical and critical ability and the proper use of specific terminology will be evaluated with good marks (27-29).

- A technically adequate preparation and a sufficient analytical capacity, even if not particularly articulated, expressed in correct terminology, will produce discrete evaluations (23-26).

- Sufficient preparation and capacity for analysis, expressed in a language that is barely formally correct, will determine the sufficiency (18-22).

The access to the exam is free. The test lasts at least 25 minutes. The date, time and location of the test is published on the courses web site. To register for the exam, the student must be used the AlmaEsami web application.

Students aims in taking the exam in English must declear it before the beginning of the exam session.

Teaching tools

Lectures, exercises.

Deepening of topics of historical interest for students.

Slide uploaded on virtuale.unibo.it platform

Office hours

See the website of Paolo Trevisi