67066 - Chemistry of Organic Materials

Course Unit Page

SDGs

This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Sustainable cities

Academic Year 2022/2023

Learning outcomes

The aim of the course is to give students a complete overview on the main classes of organic materials, with particular relevance to their preparation, their properties and to their applications. Competences will be acquired also in the field of biomaterials (proteins, carbohydrates, etc.). In particular, students will be able to understand the connections between the chemical structure and the technological peculiarities of the most important organic materials (dyes and pigments, luminescent and photochromic materials, organic electronics, liquid crystals, antioxidants, cellulosic materials) and to evaluate the possible applications.

Course contents

Prerequisites:

Fundamentals on transition metal's features,  Fundamentals of stereochemistry, Fundamentals on the reactivity of the aromatic nuclei, Fundamentals on the of reactivity of the carbonyl compounds , Fundamentals on the reactivity of aliphatic compounds , Fundamentals of spectroscopy and molecular orbitals border. 

Carbohydrates and cellulosic fibers:

The classification of carbohydrates

Fisher projections

Glycosides's formation

Disaccarides and polysacacrides

Cellulose, starch and glycogen

Alfa-Aminoacids, Proteins and proteic fibres

The structure of amino acids 

Peptides and proteins

Classification of proteins

The proteic fibers

Heterocycles in organic synthesis

Furan, pyrrole and thiophene. Ring-fused heterocycles. Synthesis and applications

Radicals in organic synthesis

Reactivity and applications. Us as additives in plastics

Organic Dyes and Pigments:

Historical Perspectives.

Physical and Chemical Basis of Colour

Azo Dyes and Pigments.

Carbonyl Dyes and Pigments

Phthalocyanines. Mode of applications.

Miscellaneous Chemical Classes of Organic Dyes and Pigments

Textile Dyes: Protein-, Cellulosic- and Synthetic-Fibres

Reactive Dyes for Textile Fibres.

Pigments, High Performance Organic Pigments

Colour and Environment. Production of dyes. Toxicology. Food Colors.

Lipids, oils and fats

Oligonucleotides

Chromogenic Materials

Definitions and Synthesis

Thermochromic Materials.

Piezochromic Materials

Electrochromic Materials

Photochromic Materials

Luminescent Materials

Readings/Bibliography

Theoric lessons

Functional Organic Materials-Syntheses, Strategies and Applications, edited by T. J.J. Mueller, U.H.E. Bunz, Wiley-VCH, 2007

John McMurry, Fondamenti di Chimica Organica, III ed. italiana, Ed. Zanichelli

Teaching methods

Theoric lessons will be combined with exercises to apply the concepts explained.

The main objective is to focus on the principal functional groups present in a complex organic molecule, and to design a possible multistep synthesis for material's chemistry applications.

Two laboratories will be dedicated to the synthesis of organic materials for industrial applications.

Assessment methods

The final examination will determine the level reached by the student in the objectives set out in the " Learning outcomes”

The assessment of the learning consists in a 2 hours written test, without the support of books or notes but with the periodic table, followed by an oral discussion with no more then two questions.

To carry out the written exam registration is required through "Alma exams ", in respect of the mandatory deadlines.

The written test include 4 questions giving a value of 9 points each as clearly indicated in the text. The exercises consist in two aspects: a) the synthesis of organic molecules suitable for organic chemistry material applications, b) given a particular structure to recognize a possible application in the material's world.

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The maximum score is therefore 36 out of 30, the honor (cum laude) is automatic after reaching 32 points.

Teaching tools

Presentations in PDF file by the teacher, protected under password, are available on-linein the web site iol.unibo.it

Office hours

See the website of Mauro Comes Franchini