87231 - Instrumentation for Electrical Engineering M

Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Affordable and clean energy

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

The course aims to provide students of the Master's Degree in Electrical Engineering with the knowledge inherent the types of instruments (both stand-alone and virtual instruments) and measurement systems used for the measurements, diagnostics and characterization of components and systems in the electric engineering sector. The topics covered include the instrumentation operating principle, the internal architecture (with reference to the input signals conditioning circuits), the sensors and probes, the main communication protocols used for the transmission of remote measurements, the criteria for a correct choice of the most suitable instrument depending on the application, as well as an in-depth part relating to their correct use, with particular reference to the evaluation of measurement uncertainty.

Course contents

Introduction to the course

Current and Voltage Sensors

  • Introduction
  • Sensors for Smart Grids
  • Inductive ITs
  • LPCT: Rogowski Coil
  • LPCT: Shunt
  • LPVT: Voltage Divider

Measurements for Power Quality

  • Introduction
  • Origin of Power Quality Variations
  • Processing of Stationary Signals
  • Processing of NON Stationary Signals

Phasor Measurement Unit

  • Introduction
  • Definition of PMU
  • Architecture of the PMU
  • Compliance tests for PMUs

Communication in power systems

  • Objectives of the Smart Grid Communication Network
  • Elements of Communication Networking
  • Conventional Applications
  • Smart Grid Applications
  • Communication Network Architecture

Energy Meters

  • Introduction
  • Electromechanical Energy Meter
  • Electronic Meter
  • Smart Energy Meter
  • Standards

Digital Twin

  • Introduction
  • Digital Twin
  • Digital Twin and Power Systems


Each topic of the course is provided with specific references.

Teaching methods

In presence, using oral powerpoint presentations.

Seminars, webinars.

Assessment methods

Oral examination. Three questions covering the entire course.

Teaching tools

Powerpoint presentations.

Office hours

See the website of Alessandro Mingotti