03766 - Immunology (AK-B)

Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Good health and well-being Gender equality

Academic Year 2021/2022

Course contents

The program topics are complemetary to those found at Prof. Stefano Salvioli' s  web site.

1. Integration of effector mechanisms of humoral immunity: the complement, its regulation and deficit.

2. Immunity against pathogens: extra and intra-cellular bacteria; virus and parasites. Integrated immune system responses against pathogens and their escaping strategies/mechanisms.

3. Vaccines and mandatory vaccination in Italy: different types and various strategies with risk evaluation.

4. Immunology of transplants: transplants classifications: auto-, allo- and xeno-transplants; biological bases of transplant rejection; different types of rejection; GVHD; strategies aimed at preventing rejection: HLA typization, immunosuppressive therapies

5. Immunopathology: alterations of the immune response; classification of immunopathologies; type I hypersensitivity: allergies; Type II, III and IV hypersensitivities; tolerance  and autoimmunity diseases with different mechanisms, i.e. type II, III, and IV.  

6. Congenital immunodeficiencies relate to innate and adaptive immune system. Acquired immunodeficiency with HIV: AIDS.

7. Immunosenescence: age-related changes of immune system, chronic low level inflammatory process with ageing or INFLAMMAGING, immune cell senescence and problems of vaccination in elderly people.



Abbas, Lichtman, Pillai, Immunologia Cellulare e Molecolare, 2018 (9th edition), Ed. Elsevier-Masson.

Geha, Notarangelo: Casi Studio in Immunologia, 2019 (settima edizione), Piccin

Amadori e Zanovello, Lezioni di immunologia e immunopatologia – 2020, Piccin Editore

Parham, Il Sistema Immunitario, II ed., 2017, EdiSES s.r. l.

Janeway, Immunobiologia, 2012 (ottava edizione), Ed. Piccin, Padova.

Abbas, Lichman, Le basi dell'immunologia, 2011 (terza edizione aggiornata), Ed. Elsevier-Masson.

Teaching methods

Frontal classes with presentation in ppt and the use of some short-video.

Due to CoViD-emergency the lesson can be given by online platform such as TEAMS.

Assessment methods

Current assessment: due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the exams are given online with the Microsoft Teams platform in oral form until new provisions. Students must register as usual in Almaesami, and they will receive an e-mail with the link and timetable of the exam session.

The aim of the oral exam is to evaluate the knowledge of the student on the course's topics and the capability to perform logical connections.

Grading procedure:

- knowledge of a very limited number of topics and limited analytical capacity → 18-19 out of 30;

- knowledge of a limited number of topics and basic analytical capacity → 20-24 out of 30;

- knowledge of a consistent number of topics and good analytical capacity → 25-29 out of 30;

- knowledge of all topics and very good analytical capacity → 30-30L out of 30.


Previous methods:

Students will have access to the exam if they have attended at least 66% of the lessons.

The learning assessment is in written form and consists of two parts:

- the first part consists of two free-answer questions on themes of the Course. Every question can contribute to the final mark with 10 points out of 30. Insufficient answer (<6 out of 10) to one of these questions leads to test failure with no further evaluation of the second part.

- the second part consists of 40 quiz of the type "true-or-false" on themes of the Course. Every correct answer contributes with 3/10 points, every wrong answer leads to a penalty of -1/10. The total points available for this parts are 12.

Further information on exam evaluation can be be required during the first lesson of the Course.

Attention: a single exam mark will be registered for the Integrated Course by averaging the two marks of Immunology and Molecular Pathology.

The person in charge of the registration is the Responsible for the Integrated Course.

It is strongly suggested to obtain the marks for the two parts of the Integrated Course (immunology and Molecular Pathology) within one year.

Teaching tools

Teaching tools are slides projected in order to help students to recognise most important concepts and take home messages.
Slides of lessons will be given to the students by means of web site EOL.

Links to further information


Office hours

See the website of Miriam Capri