39196 - Methodologies for Clinical Research (CE)

Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Good health and well-being Quality education Partnerships for the goals

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

After completing this modulethe student will haveknowledgeofthe aims andmethodsofevidence-based practice, hewill havethe ability to applyknowledge and understandingin relationto the formulation ofclinical questions, conductingliterature searchesanddevelopingresearch protocolsin physiotherapy

Course contents

Search strategies of major databases with particular reference to physiotherapy studies




Cochrane Library

Guidelines and point of care

Primary studies in physiotherapy

-Experimental Studies:

-Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial (RCT)

Observational Studies:

-Cohort (Incidence, Longitudinal Study) Study

-Case-Control Study

-Case Series

-Case Report

Secondary studies in physiotherapy

-Systematic reviews

-Scoping reviews


The paradigm"Evidence Based Practice" and physiotherapy

E.B.P. definition, history, examplesof application
The four steps of EBP

1. Formulation of the clinical question (PICO)

2. Search for evidence in the literature

3. Critical evaluation of the evidence

4. The application of the results to the individual patient


Herbert R, Jamtvedt G, Hagen KB, Mead J. Fisioterapia basata sulle evidenze. 2005, EDRA LSWR, Milano.

Chiari P, Mosci D, Naldi E. L'infermieristica basata su prove di efficacia. Guida operativa per l'Evidence Based Nursing. 2006, McGraw-Hill Companies [http://www.deastore.com/editore/McGraw-Hill%20Companies.html] .

Attena F. Epidemiologia e valutazione degli interventi sanitari. 2004, Piccin, Padova.

Teaching methods

Short lectures
Individual exercises in the PC with Internet

Mixed teaching (presence / distance if required)

Assessment methods

Written test and practical test

written test: 3 short open-ended questions (7.33 points each)

practical test: research in one of the main databases or questions on a specific article

Scoring for the written test = 0-22

Scoring for the practical test = 0-8

L.a.p. (Acceptable level of performance) = 18;

Teaching tools

PC and video projector
PC with internet connection

Links to further information


Office hours

See the website of Lucia Bertozzi