50169 - Systematic Comparative Veterinary Anatomy II

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course, students should be able to know morphological microscopic and macroscopic features of the digestive, genitourinary, and endocrine systems and the organization of the nervous system of the domestic mammals; the student should be able to recognize the main anatomical differences among species.

Course contents

Digestive apparatus of domestic mammals: mouth, salivary glands, pharynx, guttural pouch, esophagus, stomach and forestomachs, small and large intestine, liver, pancreas.

Urinary apparatus: kidney and urinary flow pathway (renal pelvis, ureter, urinary bladder,Urethra).

Female and male genital apparatus.

Central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and peripheral nervous system. Receptors. Autonomic nervous system: sympathetic, parasympathetic, and enteric nervous system.

Eye and ear.

Endocrine apparatus: hypophysis (pituitary gland), hypothalamus-hypophysis axis, epiphysis (pineal gland), thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, adrenal glands (suprarenal glands), endocrine pancreas, endocrine systems of testicle and ovary.


Will be provided for files and videos of the lectures (power point) with the main information about the topics to be explored on the following texts:

reccomended texts:

BARONE R. Anatomia Comparata dei Mammiferi domestici, Edagricole, Bologna: voll. III, IV, VI, VII.

BORTOLAMI, CALLEGARI. Neurologia ed estesiologia degli animali domestici. Edagricole, Bologna (1999).

B0RTOLAMI, CALLEGARI, CLAVENZANI, BEGHELLI. Anatomia e fisiologia degli animali domestici. Edagricole (2009).

DELMANN, EUREL. Istologia e Anatomia Microscopica Veterinaria. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana (2000).

texts chosen by the student:

NICKEL, SHUMMER, SEIFERLE. Trattato di anatomia degli animali domestici I-IV (V anatomia aviare).

ASHDOWN RR, DONE S. Atlante di Anatomia Veterinaria, USES, Firenze vol. I: Il Cavallo (1987), vol. II: I Ruminanti (1988).

DONE SH, GOODY PC, EVANS SA, STICKLAND NC. Atlante di Anatomia Veterinaria, Piccin, Padova, vol.III: Il Cane e il Gatto (2000).

KLAUS DIETER BUDRAS, PATRICK H McCARTHY, WOLFGANG FRICKE, and RENATE RICHETER. Anatomy of the Dog: an illustrated Text (2002).

KLAUS DIETER BUDRAS, SABINE ROCK, and W O SACK. Anatomy of the Horse: an illustrated Text (2004).

HOWARD E EVENS. Miller's Anatomy of the Dog.

Teaching methods

The teacher will discuss the various topics covered by this course emphasizing the practical importance of the various anatomical structures in question.

Students will put into practice the knowledge learned in class during practice sessions in dissecting room. Small groups of students carry out the practical exercises independently under the supervision of the teacher.

Assessment methods

The exam takes place through in itinere tests and a final exam, which ensures the acquisition of knowledge and skills expected by conducting an oral exam followed, if exceeded, by a practical test in the dissecting room, in which students must recognize and describe some organs (three different organs) already studied during the course of study.

Teaching tools

PC: power point and video;

overhead projector

dissecting room: practical exercitation on fresh or fixed tissues

Office hours

See the website of Roberto Chiocchetti

See the website of Maurizio Mazzoni