31182 - Spanish Language and Linguistics 2 (A-L)

Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Quality education Gender equality Reduced inequalities

Academic Year 2021/2022

Course contents

LINGUISTICS (One semester - Prof. Ana Pano Alamán)

1. Syntax: object of study and trends.
2. Syntactic categories: types of words, locutions, and syntactic groups or syntagmas.
3. Types of syntagmas: nominal, adjectival, adverbial, verbal and prepositional. Structure, function and semantics.
4. Syntactic functions of syntagmas within the phrase.
5. Verbal periphrasis.
6. Values of 'se'.
7. Syntactic analysis: the simple phrase. Subject and Predicate. Position of the elements. Concordance subject-predicate, classes of words.
8. Syntactic analysis: the complex phrase. Coordinates and subordinates (substantive, adjectival, adverbial).
9.Values of 'que' and other polysemic particles.
10. Introduction to the enunciate: according to the speaker and the grammatical nature of the predicate. Text and discourse.

PRACTICES OF SPANISH LANGUAGE (Annual course - Group A-F lecturer to be defined; Group G-O Dott.ssa Delia Cócera)

B Independent Speaker

B1 Threshold B2 Vantage Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken. Can produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest. Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.
  • Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation.
  • Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party.
  • Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.



Cascón Martín, Eugenio (2000), Sintaxis. Teoría y práctica del análisis oracional, Madrid, Edinumen.

Fuentes Rodríguez, Catalina (2007), Sintaxis del enunciado: los complementos periféricos, Madrid, Arco Libros.

Alvar, Manuel (2000), Introducción a la lingüística española, Barcelona, Ariel:

  • Martínez Marín, J., "La Interrogación", pp. 371-380.
  • Vaquero, M., "Impersonalidad y distanciamiento", pp. 491-501.


Information about compulsory texts will be delivered at the beginning of the course.

Teaching methods


Gradual introduction to:

  • the principal grammatical categories and their formal, functional and semantic aspects within syntagms
  • the different types of syntagm and the mechanisms by which the grammatical categories are related
  • larger structures, from the phrase to the paragraph. Simple and complex phrases and the form, function and sense of statements.
  • the basic concepts related to the syntax or grammar of the text.

All the theoretical aspects explored will be supported by a series of examples and the syntactic analysis of diverse structures.


On this course will be applied the following methodologies:

- implementation of activities in order to consolidate the knowledge about the Spanish morphosyntactic structures;
- implementation of activities in order to increase the lexicon and to understand the pragmatic connotations;
- implementation of activities in order to consolidate a correct phonologic system and a correct orthography;
- continuous exercises in order to develop the four basic abilities.

Assessment methods


Oral exam in Spanish about the theoretical contents of the course, based upon the reading of compulsory bibliography.

IMPORTANT: The student shall succeed a previous written and oral exams (Esercitazioni della lingua) in order to access the oral exam of Linguistics.


WRITING examination
This course's final evaluation will be made by means of a written exam that students should pass in order to be admitted to the oral exam (only the students with a positive result of 18/30 will be allowed to do the oral exam). The student should demonstrate the knowledge of the different items practised during the course related to the morphosyntactic structures, the lexicon, the writing ability and the translation. Questions will be especifically related to the grammar indicated in the bibliography. The use of any type of dictionaries will be forbidden.

ORAL examination
Once the writing exam will be passed and no more than four sessions after the writing examination, the student will be allowed to do the oral exam. He/she should demonstrate that he/she knows the morphosyntactic, semantic and pragmatic contents presented during the course in an oral explanation of the texts of the dossier presented by the assistants.

Teaching tools


González Hermoso, A. Et al. (2002). Gramática de español lengua extranjera, Madrid, Edelsa.
Carrera Díaz, M. (2000). Grammatica spagnola, Bari, Laterza.
Gómez Torrego, L. (2002). Gramática didáctica del español, Madrid, SM.

Monolingual dictionnaries

Real Academia Española (2001). Diccionario de la lengua española, Madrid, Espasa Calpe. (2 vols.)
(2006). Clave. Diccionario de uso del español actual, Madrid, SM.
Moliner, Mª (1999). Diccionario de uso del español, Madrid, Gredos.

Seco, M. (1998). Diccionario de dudas y dificultades de la lengua española, Madrid, Espasa.
Real Academia Española e Asociación de Academias de la Lengua Española (2005). Diccionario panhispánico de dudas, Madrid, Santillana.

Bilingual dictionnaries

Tam, L. (2003). Dizionario spagnolo-italiano e italiano-spagnolo, Milano, Hoepli.
Calvo, C. e Giordano, A. (1995). Diccionario italiano-español/español-italiano, Barcelona, Herder.

Online resources

Context.reverso: http://context.reverso.net/traduccion/italiano-espanol/
RAE: http://www.rae.es/
Panhispánico de dudas: http://www.rae.es/recursos/diccionarios/dpd
Fundéu BBVA (asesorada por la RAE): http://www.fundeu.es/

Office hours

See the website of Ana Pano Alaman