85572 - Diagnostic Imaging in Physiotherapy (BO)

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2019/2020

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course the student will acquire basic knowledge on the use of the main radiological investigation techniques. He will be able to read diagnostic imaging investigations (traditional radiology, CT, ultrasound, MRI) related to alterations of physiotherapy interest in some body districts.

Course contents

Imaging in radiodiagnostics: generalities and definition of investigation techniques in Traditional Radiology and Digital Radiology, in Ultrasound, CT (with soft tissue window or bone tissue window; with coronal and sagittal multiplanar reconstructions; with three-dimensional reconstructions), in RM (with different scans, sequences and weighings), in Scintigrafia (PET): differences between the various techniques and different applications.
the "CRITERIA OF CORRECTNESS" for the various examinations (how to evaluate the correct execution of a radiological, ultrasound, CT or MRI study)
problems: the CLINICAL QUESTION

Basic techniques for the study of the RACHIDEe of the lumbo-sacral hinge
Morphological study / analysis of the spine
The malformation pathology
Degenerative arthrosic pathology
Phlogistic / infective pathology (spondylitis, spondylodiscite, etc.)
Tumor pathology
Disc pathology
Traumatology of the spine
Low back pain: from the clinic to the diagnosis

Basic techniques for the study of the HIP BONE:
Arthritis
femoro-acetabular conflict, arthrosis
Fractures of the pelvis and hamstrings
The results of osteosynthesis, endoprosthesis and hip arthroplasty
"Groin pain" of the athlete: from the clinic to the diagnosis

Basic techniques for the study of the KNEE (diagnostic flow)
Morphological study / analysis of the knee
Inflammatory and degenerative pathology
Bone and capsuloligamentous traumatology
Intervention results
Knee pain: from the clinic to the diagnosis

Basic techniques for the study of the ANKLE
Anatomy and morphological study / analysis of the ankle
Inflammatory and degenerative pathology
The tibio-astragalic conflict
Bone traumatology: fractures and intervention results
Distortive traumas with capsuloligamentous lesions: correct approach to imaging
The Achilles tendon: tendinitis, tendinosis, ruptures
Fasciitis or plantar fasciopathy
Morton's neuroma

Basic techniques for the study of the SHOULDER (diagnostic flow)
Morphological study / analysis of the shoulder
Inflammatory and degenerative pathology
Injuries of the "cuff"
Traumatology and intervention results
Shoulder pain: from the clinic to the diagnosis

Basic techniques for the study of the ELBOW
Anatomy and morphological study / analysis of the elbow
Degenerative arthrosic pathology
Traumatology of the elbow; humeral-ulnar and humero-radial dislocations; fractures of the distal humerus, ulna and radial capital
Epicondylitis: correct approach to imaging
Tendon injuries: lesion of the distal biceps brachial tendon
Enthesitic phenomena with tendon calcifications
The nerve structures of the forearm: radial, median and ulnar nerve

Basic techniques for the study of the WRIST-HAND
Anatomy and morphological study / analysis of the wrist-hand
Arthritis and osteoarthritis
rhizarthrosis
Synovial ganglion
Wrist fractures: Colles type, Goyrand type
Conservative treatment and osteosynthesis
Post-traumatic complications (ulnar or radial prevalence; conflict on flexor or extensor tendons; post-fracture articular arthrosis; pseudo-arthrosis; necrotic outcomes); integrity of the semi-lunar hull ligament
The carpal tunnel
De Quervain's disease and extensor tenosynovitis along the first finger
Dupuytren's disease
Tendon inflammations: tendon cysts and snap finger
Tendon injuries: hammer or slotted finger

Readings/Bibliography

"Imaging dell'apparato osteoarticolare" - Resnick - Masson editore

"Compendio di Radiologia" - Passariello - Idelson Gnocchi editore

"Ultrasonografia del sistema muscoloscheletrico" - Sernick - Piccin editore

"anatomia radiologica di Netter" - Netter - Masson editore

Teaching methods

Lecture with the projection of images and films of radiological studies performed in Traditional or Digital Radiology, CT, MRI and ultrasound

discussion led by the teacher

Assessment methods

multiple choice questionnaire

Teaching tools

pc and video projector
white paper board

Office hours

See the website of Mauro Branchini