18547 - Architecture and Architectural Composition 3

Course Unit Page

  • Teacher Antonio Esposito

  • Credits 7

  • SSD ICAR/14

  • Teaching Mode Traditional lectures

  • Language Italian

Academic Year 2018/2019

Learning outcomes

The student learns how to intervene on the complex reality of the historically stratified city and acquires the theoretical-practical tools that enable him to make targeted choices on urban transformations, in the context of an optics oriented to the overall reading of the urban phenomenon and a collective vision of Mutations of the urban scene, in which architectural intervention aims to take on the civic responsibilities that this entails.

 

The student learns how to intervene on the complex reality of the historically stratified city and acquires the theoretical-practical tools that enable him to make targeted choices on urban transformations, in the context of an optics oriented to the overall reading of the urban phenomenon and a collective vision of Mutations of the urban scene, in which architectural intervention aims to take on the civic responsibilities that this entails
The student learns how to intervene on the complex reality of the historically stratified city and acquires the theoretical-practical tools that enable him to make targeted choices on urban transformations, in the context of an optics oriented to the overall reading of the urban phenomenon and a collective vision of Mutations of the urban scene, in which architectural intervention aims to take on the civic responsibilities that this entails
The student learns how to intervene on the complex reality of the historically stratified city and acquires the theoretical-practical tools that enable him to make targeted choices on urban transformations, in the context of an optics oriented to the overall reading of the urban phenomenon and a collective vision of Mutations of the urban scene, in which architectural intervention aims to take on the civic responsibilities that this entails
The student learns how to intervene on the complex reality of the historically stratified city and acquires the theoretical-practical tools that enable him to make targeted choices on urban transformations, in the context of an optics oriented to the overall reading of the urban phenomenon and a collective vision of Mutations of the urban scene, in which architectural intervention aims to take on the civic responsibilities that this entails.
The student learns how to intervene on the complex reality of the historically stratified city and acquires the theoretical-practical tools that enable him to make targeted choices on urban transformations, in the context of an optics oriented to the overall reading of the urban phenomenon and a collective vision of Mutations of the urban scene, in which architectural intervention aims to take on the civic responsibilities that this entails.
The student learns how to intervene on the complex reality of the historically stratified city and acquires the theoretical-practical tools that enable him to make targeted choices on urban transformations, in the context of an optics oriented to the overall reading of the urban phenomenon and a collective vision of Mutations of the urban scene, in which architectural intervention aims to take on the civic responsibilities that this entails.

Course contents

The workshop "Re-qualify the post-war city" (16 CFU) as well as this characterizing teaching (Architecture and architectural composition III, 7CFU) is also made up of the following teachings: History of the postwar italian architecture (3CFU), Landscape aesthetics (2 CFU), Architectural and urban composition I (2 CFU) and Architecture and urban landscape (2 CFU).

The workshop is focused on the regeneration of urban parts of cities developed in Italy in the post-war period, which have had different modes and results depending on the different cultures and territorial realities.

Because of the Italian urban government in the 1950s and 1960s, our cities, especially small and medium centers, have grown up without architectural and planning rules. Alongside the historic districts, parts of cities have been constructed with striking impacts, with residential buildings with little constructive and aesthetic value, with not coherent densities with the potential of later urban development. Regulatory Plans have consolidated in the 1970's these urban portions, as dense urban parts, excluded from the idea of a historic city as well as that of a modern city, and subjected to a rapid construction and urban deterioration.

The districts’s position in relation to the historic city and the important infrastructural axes requires urgent their formal upgrading. Should be done an organic rethinking of these neighborhoods and of the overall forma urbis. Public space, nowadays not considered in the structure of Italian cities, can regenerate the identity and the urban landscape of these neighborhoods.

The course would like to study, from a theoretical and design point of view, the possibility of refurbishing some of the neighborhoods created in the first decades of the postwar period, comparing architecture, knowledge of history and aesthetics of architecture. By focusing on the historical and aesthetic reasons of contemporary urban identity, it is possible to make plans for the historic city and urban transformations.

Lab’s activity will be applied to several districts of an Italian city, chosen for each individual student or for a small group of two or three students. Project analysis and design, although linked by a common method and intervention strategy, will be differentiated by geographical, cultural and administrative status of the various cities examined. Students will be required to develop knowledge and to formulate work hypotheses on the chosen case, which will make it possible to develop a project or purely theoretical work in the degree thesis.

Readings/Bibliography

  • Piero Camporesi, Le belle contrade, Garzanti 1992
  • Eugenio Turri, Il paesaggio come teatro, Marsilio 2003
  • Salvatore Settis, Paesaggio Costituzione Cemento, Einaudi 2010
  • Henri Lefebrve, Il diritto alla città, Marsilio 1970
  • Aldo Rossi, Considerazioni sulla morfologia urbana e la tipologia edilizia, in A.Rossi, Scritti scelti, CLUP 1975
  • José Ignacio Linazasoro; La memoria dell'ordine:paradossi dell'architettura moderna, LetteraVentidue 2015
  • Italo Calvino, La speculazione edilizia, Einaudi 1963
  • Gaetano Di Benedetto, I suoli di Izdik: dialogo sull’edificabilità, San Domenico 1997
  • Antonio Esposito, Per una riforma dei paesaggi urbani in Italia, in F.Moschini (a cura di), Gallipoli, laboratorio di progettazione, Gangemi 2016

More bibliographic references will be given during the workshop activities.

Filmography:

  • Francesco Rosi, Le mani sulla città, 1962
  • Pier Paolo Pasolini, Le mura di Sanaa, 1971
  • Paolo Brunatto, Pasolini e… la forma della città, 1974

Teaching methods

The laboratory will proceed by lectures, seminars, analysis activities, and design on the different case studies. Frontal lectures will be drawn up in direct contact with the students, in some cases will be enclosed by discussion seminars on bibliographic materials. A seminar presenting the state of progress of work will be done before the winter holiday break. Weekly will be made reviews of the analysis and design.

Assessment methods

The workshop "Re-qualify the post-war city" (16 CFU) as well as this characterizing teaching (Architecture and architectural composition III, 7CFU) is also made up of the following teachings: History of the contemporary city (3CFU), Landscape aesthetics (2 CFU), Architectural and urban composition I (2 CFU) and Architecture and urban landscape (2 CFU). The suitability test includes the learning verification of the contents of all the lessons that comprise it and takes place in a single test.

At the end of the workshop each student will have contributed with writings and graphics works to produce a dossier in which the results of the activity carried out by the entire laboratory will flow together. The final qualification test will take place as part of a collective public exhibition of the results achieved in the analysis and design of the different case studies, articulated with projection of the results achieved, duly commented by each student for the part of their competence. The commission will be made up of the entire teaching staff of the laboratory.

For the achievement of eligibility, it must be verified for each student, the acquisition of the conceptual tools deemed necessary for the correct setting of the degree thesis work and a sufficient state of advancement of the analytical and planning framework of each case study.

Teaching tools

Lectures through slides projection, audio and / or video reproductions, practical exercises directly related to the theme of urban representation, collective seminars, study trips.

Office hours

See the website of Antonio Esposito