70209 - Technical Drawing

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2018/2019

Learning outcomes

The aim of the course is to provide the basic knowledge of the theories, techniques and methods of the technical representation of the architectural project and the knowledge concerning the rules and conventions of the technical drawings.

Course contents

Technical representation in architecture.

The representation of architecture through orthogonal projections (conventions): from the three-dimensional model/reality to the drafting of sections, plans and elevations.

Graphic conventions. Types and thicknesses of lines in plan and elevation, use of different layers for the CAD, hatch in section and elevation, UNI normative.

The scale of representation and levels of detail.

Dimensioning systems.


- representation of the stairs;

- the representation of fixtures;

- pitched roofs;

- shadows in double orthogonal projections on elevations and plan;

- axonometric split and perspective sections;

- freehand drawing and drawing from life: proportions and sketchbooks;

Notes on the redrawing of an architecture: analysis of proportions and modularity, sizing and scaling.


Fundamental will be the use of material provided by the teacher made available online and lecture notes.

M. Docci, M. Gaiani, D. Maestri, Scienza del Disegno, CittàStudi Edizioni, Novara 2011.

R. Migliari, Geometria dei modelli, Edizioni Kappa, Roma 2003.

R. Migliari, Geometria descrittiva – Volume I – Metodi e costruzioni, CittàSutdi Edizioni, Novara 2009.

R. Migliari, Geometria descrittiva – Volume II – Tecniche e applicazioni , CittàSutdi Edizioni, Novara 2009.

Teaching methods

During the lectures will be discussed the general issues related to the representation of architecture and development of classical projections for drawing shapes in space. The course will be supported by laboratory exercises. The exercises will be individual and practices and have the purpose of providing the possibility to each student to be able to pit one's skill in the study and in the representation of spatial solution related to geometrical problems that will be placed. These activities will be planned in such a way that within each exercise, the student can achieve practically the solutions of the problems outlined during theoretical lessons

Assessment methods

modules/teaching programmes that form the integrated course. The exam consist in one test divided in two parts. In the first part of the test, the student must presents the architectural drawings of the case study.

The second part of the test consists of an oral test, in which the student is asked to justify, from the theoretical point of view, the buildings that have been discussed during the lectures. The examination also consists in assessing the quality and accuracy of geometric drawings. These papers are:

- the notebook, which is a bound notebook, a sheet of drawing paper, white, on which the student notes and reports regarding the notes taken in class;

· the tables created during the exercises in the classroom and supplemented where necessary, in individual study, and these drawings will be made of at least A3 size paper, but if you want even larger, rough paper or semiruvida suitable for watercolors;

· The file and prints relating to the digital design of the plants and the elevations of the building assigned, stored on CD or DVD.

Finally, if it deems appropriate, the teacher will propose the creation of simple ex tempore digital drawings that demonstrate the knowledge acquired

Teaching tools

Organization of the course, enrollment.

The course makes use of the e-learning at the University of Bologna, based on Moodle. Each student, from their computer or using the computers available in computer labs, must first connect to the site and read the http://elearning.unibo.it/ Student Handbook, which are also reported enrollment . The teaching relationship will be managed using the Moodle platform, which allows students to take the documents provided by the teacher (text, images, drawings and 3D models, etc..), To communicate with the teacher himself or interact in discussion groups, to upload documents to be audited, to participate in assessment tests, etc..

Materials needed for the drawing.

It is necessary that the student has the common drawing materials: a launderer of about 50 * 40 cm, pencil hardness of H, F and B, pen drawing, a line of 50 cm, a team of 45 ° and a compass. In addition, it requested an album of heavy paper or coarse semiruvidi charts, A3 size or larger (about 30 * 40), a tube of sepia watercolor (for the performance of light and shade), two synthetic watercolor brushes, an order and a medium. Finally, a notebook is required A5, A4 or similar, smooth white sheets of heavy paper (150 g / m²), bound.


The teacher will use in class, for various programs (thinkdesign, Rhinoceros, 3ds max, etc..). For digital design requires the use of AutoCAD software, the student can get free, as specified below. This program is also installed on all machines in the computer labs of the Faculty. The student will be able to get free for one year (renewable until completion of studies), the license of AutoCAD. The software can be downloaded at: http://students.autodesk.com/

Office hours

See the website of Federico Fallavollita