03869 - Architecture and Architectural Composition I (B)

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2018/2019

Course contents

The lab aims to develop some reflections about the logical process that presides over the design of architecture. This cognitive process necessarily goes through the study of the most significant works of the history of the discipline, and especially in the first year of the study course of the single-family house.
The single-family house is thus taken as the privileged study area through which to approach the understanding and knowledge of the elements and rules of architectural composition, which allow to shape the work of architecture: lot, fence, basement, roof, Window, porch, garden, pergola, classroom; But also more abstract notions such as measure, shape, character, architectural type, ornament; The distributive and constructive aspects.
The theme of "home" also takes a privileged role in account of the relationship between architecture and conditions, behaviors, lifestyles of man and citizen, understood as an individual belonging to a certain socio-cultural context, determined historically.
This theme will be dealt with in the study of the work of two of the greatest architects of the last century, who have become the single-family residence of the most important object of their research: Adolf Loos (1870-1933) and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969).
After studying, redesigning and constructing a scale model 1: 100 (first semester), one of Loos's or Wright's proposed homes, the student - within a group of two people - will have to design a one-family dwelling (second semester) in one of the places indicated by the teaching itself.
The lab is articulated in a theoretical part and in a practical part.
The theoretical part consists of a series of lessons and seminars on the distribution characteristics of buildings and, more generally, on issues and notions useful for the study of architectural works, such as architectural type, shape, structure, character, ornament and decoration. In the lessons, the logical principles of architectural composition will be investigated through the study and by bringing the example of particularly significant projects for architectural discipline, with particular attention to the relationship between practice and theory and the theme of the dwelling in the work of some masters of 'Modern architecture (in addition to Loos and Mies, Tessenow, Le Corbusier and Wright).
The practical part consists of two main exercises, one per semester, which will take place in the laboratory after the theoretical lessons.
The first exercise, which will take place throughout the first semester, concerns the study and critical analysis of an architecture chosen by the student among those indicated by the teaching. Specifically, the exercise will consist of a 1:100 scale pencil reshaping and a plastic cardboard modeling of the chosen work, always scale 1:100, with the aim of identifying and expelling themes and compositional, distributive elements , Figures, geometric and proportional relationships, and constructive architectural elements.
The second exercise, to be realized in the second semester, concerns the elaboration of a project for a single-family house to be placed in a real place. The places where the projects will be located will be indicated by the teaching, as well as the functional program to stick to in the design of the home. The student will adopt as the initial support and basis for designing works studied in the laboratory during the first semester, which will serve as a reference example. The project will be presented through canonical drawings (plants, leaflets, sections and assonometries in scale 1: 100), hand-drawn and also constructed using a 1:100 scale paperboard model. Deadlines and how to present the exercises will be more thoroughly discussed and argued during the lab lessons. Theoretical lessons in the classroom will then be accompanied by periodic reviews of individual project work and some collective seminars on the state of progress of the works.
In addition to the Architectural and Architectural Composition module, the Architectural Design Laboratory will be integrated with the Building Distribution and Landscape Design. The themes and exercises of these modules will be an integral part of the final test.

Readings/Bibliography

Adolf Loos, Parole nel vuoto, I. ed. or.1921, Adelphi 1972.

Le Corbusier, Verso una Architettura, I. ed. or.1923, Longanesi, Milano 2003.

Aldo Rossi, L'architettura della città, I. ed. 1966, Clup, Milano 1978.

Colin Rowe, La matematica della villa ideale, I. ed. or. 1976, Zanichelli, Bologna 1990.

Heinrich Tessenow, Osservazioni elementari sul costruire, Franco Angeli, 1981.

Aldo Rossi, L'autobiografia scientifica, I. ed. 1981, Pratiche, Parma 1990.

 

On Adolf Loos:

Heinrich Kulka, Adolf Loos. Das Werk des Architekten, Schroll & Co. Wien, 1931.

Benedetto Gravagnuolo, Adolf Loos, Idea Books edizioni, Milano 1981.

Burkhardt Rukschcio, Roland Schachel, Adolf Loos-Leben Und Werk, Salzburg, ed. Francese, Mardaga, Bruxelles 1982.

Robert Trevisiol, Adolf Loos, Laterza, Roma-Bari 1995.

Roberto Schezen, Adolf Loos. Architecture 1903-1932, The Monacelli Press, New York 1996.

Giovanni Denti, Silvia Peirone, Adolf Loos, opera completa, Officina edizioni, Roma 1997.

Ralf Block, Adolf Loos. Opere e progetti, Skira, Milano 2007.

 

On Ludwig Mies van der Rohe:

Lorenzo Cremonini, Marino Moretti, Vittorio Pannocchia, Casa Tugendhat. Mies Van Der Rohe, Alinea, Firenze 1997.

Peter Carter, Mies van der Rohe at Work, Phaidon, London 1999.

Barry Bergdoll, Mies in Berlin, Museum of Modern Art, New York 2001.

Kent Kleinman, Leslie Van Duzer, Mies van der Rohe. The Krefeld Villas, Princeton Architectural Press, New York 2005.

Carlos Martí Arís, Silenzi eloquenti. Borges, Mies van der Rohe, Ozu, Rothko, Oteiza, Christian Marinotti, Milano 2007.

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Gli scritti e le parole, Einaudi, Torino 2010.

Detlef Mertins, Mies, Phaidon, New York 2014.

For further details, lessons will be provided with specific bibliographies on the topics dealt with in the classroom.

Teaching methods

The teaching consists of Architettura e composizione architettonica 8 CFU of 120 hours, Caratteri distributivi degli edifici, 4 CFUs of 48 hours, Disegno della città e del paesaggio, 2 CFUs of 24 hours. Theoretical lessons will be held in classroom "A", while exercises will be held in the laboratory hall on the ground floor of Via Cavalcavia, where students have their own drawing table.
The lab is divided into two main parts, a theoretical and a practical one. The theoretical lesson in the classroom has the task of introducing the student to study the theoretical compositional issues through the knowledge of the thought of some masters of architecture. The practical part is directed to the acquisition of design techniques through a set of organically structured exercises.

Assessment methods

The final examination and verification of the understanding of the contents of the laboratory, or of the learning of the design techniques, will be done through the evaluation of the presentation of the project papers, the exercises carried out during the year and the verification of the knowledge of the theoretical issues treated In lessons.
More specifically, students will have to produce graphic and maquette made during the year, ie plants, prospects, sections, assonometries and maquette of the first and second exercises (scale 1: 100).

Teaching tools

The lesson material will be made available electronically via the digital platform available to the students of the Master Degree Course. Username and password are reserved for students enrolled at the University of Bologna. This material must be printed and delivered to lesson.
The lab's equipment, tables and lockers are available to course students from Monday to Friday at the normal opening hours of the school.

Office hours

See the website of Lamberto Amistadi