Academic Year 2023/2024

  • Docente: Rocco Liguori
  • Credits: 4
  • SSD: MED/26
  • Language: English
  • Moduli: Rocco Liguori (Modulo 1) Maria Pia Giannoccaro (Modulo 2) Piero Parchi (Modulo 33)
  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures (Modulo 1) Traditional lectures (Modulo 2) Traditional lectures (Modulo 33)
  • Campus: Bologna
  • Corso: Single cycle degree programme (LMCU) in Medicine and Surgery (cod. 9210)

Learning outcomes

Describe the clinical manifestations, etiology, epidemiology, risk factors, natural history, diagnosis, staging, prognostic indicators and management of the major diseases of the nervous system, with emphasis on those most commonly encountered in the clinical practice. Identify the major diagnostic and therapeutic options for each encountered clinical scenario, and discuss their benefits and limitations. Summarize decision-making algorithms for a correct differential diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment choice. Present and critically analyze clinical cases, discuss the differential diagnosis, and formulate appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for each case (Problem-Based Learning).

Course contents

Principal Neurophysiological Investigations:

- Electromyography

- Electroencephalography

- Polysomnography

Cranial Nerves.

Biofluid diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers biomarkers in neurology.

Pathogenesis and molecular pathology of neurodegenerative disorders

Cognitive dysfunction (aphasia, apraxia, agnosia, amnesia, behavioral abnormalities).

Mild cognitive decline and dementia syndromes.

Motor Neuron Diseases (ALS and SMA).

Polyneuropathies (acquired and hereditary).


Neuromuscular Junction diseases (acquired and hereditary).

Myopathies (acquired and hereditary).

Epileptic disorders.

Sleep disorders.

Principal Demyelinating Diseases of the Central and Peripheral Systems.

Parkinson's disease.

Atypical Parkinsonism.

Hyperkinetic movements disorders.

Rapidly progressive dementias and encephalities.

Cerebrovascular disorders



Concerning all the above listed diseases, all the following items will be taken into account: Definition and classification; Etiology, pathophysiology; Clinical symptoms and sign; Diagnostic pathway and differential diagnosis; Main treatments. 




Eleventh Edition

Adams and Victor's - Principles of Neurology 

Allan H. Ropper

Martin A. Samuels

Joshua P. Klein

Sashank Prasad


Teaching methods

Interactive lectures where general rules are derived from practical examples taken from everyday experience. Teaching materials and slides are made available to the students via the moodle platform at least the day before the lesson. During the lessons, it is important for students to have direct access (online or off-line) to the teaching materials in order to be able to concentrate on specific contents rather than on reproducing slides.

Assessment methods

The final exam will be an oral assessment to verify the achievement of objectives (critical thinking, knowledge of topics) within the integrated course of Neurological, Psychiatric Diseases and Pain (I.C.).

The assessment regarding "NEUROLOGY" will be mainly focused on topics covered in class.

The I.C. will be divided in 2 modules.

Module A (Psychiatry, Clinical Psycology, Neuropsycopharmacology, Anaesthesiology and Pain Management; total 7 CFU):







Exam sessions to be held at 3:00 p.m (afternoon) at Viale Carlo Pepoli 5.

Module B (Neurology, Neuroradiology, In vivo Neurometabolic Diagnostics, Neuropathology, Neurosurgery; total 8 CFU):



14.03.24 *




Exam sessions to be held at 9:00 a.m (morning) at Bellaria Hospital, Pavilion G, First Floor

* Neuropathology will not be available on March 14, 2024. An exam session will be offered instead on: Monday April 8th, 2024 11:00 am


To pass the exam, you will need to reach at least the pass-mark (18/30) in all the subjects of examination pertaining to each module of the I.C.; the final grade will be the marks weighted average. Cum laude will be considered when obtained in at least three examination's subjects in a full score mean of 30/30. Registration of the examination grades will occur during the Thursday session. The student will be able to accept or decline the final grades. If a student did not pass any modules, he/she would be able to sustain again only the exam of the failed modules (maintaining the grades obtained in the others), as long as this occurred within the same academic year.

Teaching tools

Students are encouraged to attend the lectures with a printout of the relevant file downloaded from moodle or bringing electronic devices to access the relevant material during the lecture. This will allow easier interaction with the teacher when asked to discuss a problem.

Office hours

See the website of Rocco Liguori

See the website of Maria Pia Giannoccaro

See the website of Piero Parchi