70796 - Normal Morphology Identification

Academic Year 2023/2024

  • Docente: Luca Scapoli
  • Credits: 1
  • SSD: BIO/17
  • Language: Italian
  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures
  • Campus: Bologna
  • Corso: Single cycle degree programme (LMCU) in Medicine and Surgery (cod. 8415)

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course, the student has essential knowledge of the fundamental aspects of the cell and the tissues of the human body.

Course contents

Principles of optical microscopy. Distinctive features and classification elements of : coating epitheliums, exocrine and endocrine epithelia, connective tissues, blood and lymphoid tissues, cartilaginous, adipose, bone, muscle and nervous tissues.

In the laboratory, the student independently observes histological sections by the optical microscope. The teacher is in the laboratory to support the students.


The choice of the text is free. Any university level atlas of Histology  is suitable.

Teaching methods

Individual practical activity is planned in the laboratory. It aims to provide each student with the opportunity to become familiar with the use of an optical microscope and to develop the individual skills for tissue recognition.

As concerns the teaching methods of this course unit, all students must attend Module 1, 2 [https://www.unibo.it/en/services-and-opportunities/health-and-assistance/health-and-safety/online-course-on-health-and-safety-in-study-and-internship-areas] on Health and Safety online

Assessment methods

The final exam is practical and carried out in the laboratory.
The assessment of the histological skills is carried out with the aid of an optical microscope and consists in the  classification of the tissues present in three histological slides.

Teaching tools

Mono and binocular optical microscopes, 5-head s optical microscope for groups of students, optical microscope connected to a 60" screen. Virtual histological slides are available online at:


Office hours

See the website of Luca Scapoli