00443 - General Physiology

Academic Year 2023/2024

  • Docente: Enzo Spisni
  • Credits: 9
  • SSD: BIO/09
  • Language: Italian
  • Moduli: Enzo Spisni (Modulo 1) Maria Chiara Valerii (Modulo 2)
  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures (Modulo 1) Traditional lectures (Modulo 2)
  • Campus: Bologna
  • Corso: First cycle degree programme (L) in Biological Sciences (cod. 8012)

Learning outcomes

The aim of this course is to illustrate the molecular e cellular basis, as well as the main homeostatic control and integration mechanisms, of selected functions of humans and animals.

Course contents


-Introduction to Physiology

-The cell: structure, functions and cellular metabolism

-Membrane transport and chemical messengers

-The endocrine system: endocrine glands and hormonal actions

-Nerve cells, electrical signals, synaptic transmission and neuronal integration

-The central nervous system and sensory systems

-The autonomic and somatic motor system

-Muscle physiology

-The cardiovascular system

-The respiratory system

-Renal function and fluid and electrolyte balance

-The reproductive system

-The immune system

-Focus on diabetes mellitus


Stanfield. Principles of Human Physiology, Pearson Education.

Teaching methods

Frontal lessons with video presentations.

Assessment methods

Written exam at the end of the lessons or oral exams on a monthly basis with presentation of a thesis on an in-depth focus (10 slides).

Teaching tools

Working groups with preparation of mini-thesis on in-depth physiopathological subjects.

Office hours

See the website of Enzo Spisni

See the website of Maria Chiara Valerii


Good health and well-being

This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.