33830 - History of Cinema Theories

Academic Year 2022/2023

  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures
  • Campus: Bologna
  • Corso: First cycle degree programme (L) in Drama, Art and Music Studies (cod. 0956)

    Also valid for First cycle degree programme (L) in Drama, Art and Music Studies (cod. 5821)

Course contents

Part 1. Classical Film Theories

Theories of montage

  • Lev Kuleshov: making meaning with montage
  • Sergej Ejzenštejn: montage as dialectics
  • Dziga Vertov and the "theory of intervals"
  • Esfir Shub and "factographic" editing

Theories of Photogénie

  • The beauty of cinema according to Louis Delluc
  • Jean Epstein and the photogénie of the imponderable
  • Photogénie and "estrangement" (Victor Sklovsky)

Theories of Reproducibility

  • Walter Benjamin: film and the end of the aura of the artwork
  • André Bazin: from the aura of the image to the aura of the event

Part 2: From the essay-film to the video-essay

  • Theories of the essay-film from Hans Richter to Jonas Mekas
  • Esfir Shub, Myriam, Nicole Vedrès, Agnès Varda: the female genealogy of essayistic filmmaking
  • The essay film and the "politique des auteurs": Alexandre Astruc, André Bazin, Jacques Rivette
  • Sergej Ejzenšstejn, Guy Debord e il Capitale di Marx
  • Jean-Luc Godard's Histoire(s) du cinéma
  • From the essay-film to the video-essay
  • Functions and models of videographic film criticism


Readings and screenings are listed below in four different groups.

1) Lecture notes provided by the teacher:

  • Che cos'è la teoria del cinema? [http://campus.unibo.it/51625/]
  • Ricciotto Canudo: il cinema come settima arte [http://campus.unibo.it/51627/]
  • La fotogenia secondo Louis Delluc [http://campus.unibo.it/51629/]
  • La fotogenia secondo Jean Epstein [http://campus.unibo.it/51630/]
  • L'avanguardia russa al tornante della Rivoluzione d'Ottobre [http://campus.unibo.it/51631/]
  • Lev Kulešov, maestro del cinema sovietico [http://campus.unibo.it/51632/]
  • Sergej Ejzenštejn: dal montaggio delle attrazioni al montaggio intellettuale [http://campus.unibo.it/51633/]
  • Dziga Vertov, il kinokismo e la fabbrica dei fatti [http://campus.unibo.it/53017/]

2) Books and book chapters:

  • Walter Benjamin, The Work of Art in the Age of Its Technological Reproducibility (1936) [https://monoskop.org/images/6/6d/Benjamin_Walter_1936_2008_The_Work_of_Art_in_the_Age_of_Its_Technological_Reproducibility_Second_Version.pdf]
  • André Bazin, What Is Cinema? Vol. 1. [https://archive.org/stream/Bazin_Andre_What_Is_Cinema_Volume_1/Bazin_Andre_What_Is_Cinema_Volume_1_djvu.txt]

3) Readings for Part 2

  • Chiara Grizzaffi, I film attraverso i film. Dal testo introvabile ai video essays, Milano, Mimesis, 2017.

Assessment methods

The final examination will take place in the form of an interview in Italian. Students will be asked to answer a few questions about the program, so as to verify whether they have achieved the following learning outcomes:

Ability to historically contextualize the main periods in the development of film theory, especially with regard to the classical period, as well as to understand the continuity and discontinuities lines along the elaborations of the different authors in the syllabus

Ability to use the theoretical tools acquired to analyze the films in the syllabus

Mastery of the specific vocabulary of cinema studies

Ability to link the theoretical debate on cinema to the history of the 20th century

Students demonstrating a full knowledge and critical understanding of the subject matter will be assessed with the highest marks. Students demonstrating a purely notional exposition of the subject matter will be assessed with good/medium marks. Students with a limited knowledge of the subject, an uncertain or inappropriate vocabulary will be assessed as barely sufficient. Students with major learning gaps in both critical- theoretical-critical and historiographic terms will be assessed as insufficient.

Teaching tools

Video projector, Internet connection, E-learning tools

Office hours

See the website of Monica Dall'Asta


Quality education Gender equality

This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.