28453 - Land and Landscape Planning

Academic Year 2021/2022

  • Moduli: Patrizia Tassinari (Modulo Mod 1) Moreno Daini (Modulo Mod 2)
  • Teaching Mode: Traditional lectures (Modulo Mod 1) Traditional lectures (Modulo Mod 2)
  • Campus: Bologna
  • Corso: First cycle degree programme (L) in Ornamental plants and landscape protection (cod. 8523)

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course unit the student is familiar with the main instruments of spatial planning, urban planning and landscape planning of suburban areas and with the regulations in that field. The students is also able to update autonomously his/her own knowledge in this field. In particular, the student is able to independently derive useful elements for the planning and design of green areas and landscape projects. Moreover, the student acquires knowledge about the legislation and professional ethics issues in the specific field, and is able to communicate and summarize in the field under study both in written and oral form.

Course contents


The student who accesses this course unit is familiar with the fundamentals of history of landscape, landscape ecology, agro-environmental policy, landscape analysis. Such knowledge and skills are provided by the teaching units of the first and second year.


The “green system” is playing an increasingly important role, both in urban and periurban areas, due to its manifold functions attributed to the system itself. The integration between public and private urban green areas and green spaces at the edges of the cities, calls for a sound and careful planning, capable of properly considering the fundamental relationships between the city and the countryside. The design of such system must carefully consider and comply with specific constraints, deriving from land management regulations at various levels. These latter, dating back to the last decades, have been gradually refined, and have been playing an ever-growing influence on the design of green areas, open spaces, and landscape. The main goal of the course is therefore to allow the student to become familiar with the role that current regulations play in the various phases of the design process. This goal is achieved through various levels of detail, preparatory for the understanding of subsequent practical applications, as it is further explained below in the course articulation section. The influence of regulations on the design process – that is the base of the most common intervention typologies – is analysed, with reference to some of the main types of development, both through theoretical lessons and in-depth discussion of application cases.

Course articulation

The course is divided into 3 teaching units which provide both theoretical lessons and practical activities, workshops, seminars and study trips. The 3 teaching units, integrated with each other, will be carried out by two teachers (as described below) who will work synergistically for the theoretical parts provided by all the teaching units. In the teaching unit 2 in-itinere practical works are prepared by the students.

Module 1 - Teaching unit 1 (10 hours - prof. Tassinari Patrizia): Rural planning

This teaching unit introduces the cultural framework of the land-use planning discipline, outlines the first theories and conceptions of landscape evolution in its anthropization, up to the European Landscape Convention (2000) and its translation into the Italian legislation. Then, the unit provides the concepts of landscape planning and regional and national urban-landscape planning, through the analysis of the fundamental planning laws and tools that regulate the transformation of rural areas, with particular reference to the experience of the Emilia-Romagna region, at the various levels of the land government process. The main town planning laws of the Emilia Romagna region (RL 20/2000 and new RUL), the Galasso Decree, the Landscape and Territorial Plan of the Emilia Romagna Region, and the Provincial Coordination Territorial Plan of Bologna are presented briefly.

Expected results: at the end of the first teaching unit the student knows the institutional instruments in force, at the regional, provincial and local level, and is able to read and interpret both sectorial, regional and local planning tools, and to perform a critical reading of laws and other measures having impact on the landscape.

Module 1 - Teaching unit 2 (20 hours – prof. Patrizia Tassinari): conditions of the sites and planned future development

The practical activities are aimed at linking planning addresses (from the broad to the local scale) to the state of places, also in relation to the planning choices relevant to them. A first phase focuses on the critical analysis of the current provisions, on a geographical area selected within the Emilia-Romagna Region, and a second phases on the study of the state of the site.

Students (organized in small groups) will be guided in the research and interpretation and graphical elaboration, by means of GIS systems, of the indications inferred from the planning tool reading.

Preparatory knowledge on the use of such systems and their use for reading the main cartographies used in this teaching unit are provided in the “Land Surveying and Analysis Using GIS Applications” course unit (2nd year), where the maps used in this teaching unit are analyzed and a related GIS base-project prepared.

Expected results: at the end of the teaching unit, the student knows the existing institutional instruments at the regional, provincial and local level, and knows how to read and interpret the main planning tools and the state of the places, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses referring to the consequences of landscape transformation projects related to green areas and landscape.

Module 2 - Teaching unit 3 (30 hours - prof. Moreno Daini) urban planning and green areas

This teaching unit 3 presents the basic concepts of the urban planning discipline, with particular reference to planning in the field of green areas and landscape, passing from the regional and provincial levels to the municipal level, by referring to a framework of the historical evolution of the city and its consequences over the centuries, which is necessary to read the current trends in the urban planning perspective, thus highlighting the reasons underlying the legislation in this field.

Then, the teaching unit discusses the role of green areas in the town planning legislation, through the perspective of its evolution through time, to highlight the growing attention paid to this subject, with particular reference to both local and national case studies.

The unit also discusses the definition of the amount of green areas at the various land use management levels and related land use plans, starting from the current amount of services for the city (urban planning standards), comparing them with the changing needs of the population, in order to identify new needs and most appropriate standards suitable to meet future needs.

Particular attention is paid to the analysis of new trends in the planning of green areas, both at the local and European levels.

Expected results: at the end of the second module the student knows the institutional instruments in force, at the regional, provincial and local levels, with particular attention to the issue of the green areas standards; he/she is able to read and interpret the planning tools also through their evolution, and to critically interpret in both sectorial, regional and local plans the method of calculating the standards of the various types of green areas and elements.


Lecture notes prepared by teachers in relation to all teaching units (the material is made available on “Insegnamenti online” progressively during the course, functionally for the lectures). Lecture notes given by the professors represent the necessary base for preparing the exam if integrated by notes taken by students during the lessons.

For further in-depth study of specific subjects and in particular in case the student cannot attend the lessons or can attend only part of them, it is warmly recommended to refer to specific chapters of the following books (please contact the teachers in advance): “Progettazione urbanistica”, F. Oliva, P. Galuzzi, P. Vitillo, Maggioli, Storia del paesaggio agrario italiano, Emilio Sereni, Laterza, 1996, Architettura del paesaggio. Evoluzione storica, Annalisa Maniglio Calcagno, Franco Angeli, 2011. L. Benevolo, Le origini dell'urbanistica moderna, Laterza 1991 E. Salzano, Memorie di un urbanista. L'Italia che ho vissuto, Corte del Fontego Venezia 2010.

Teaching methods

The student is introduced to the main themes of landscape and environmental analysis and planning, through their basic concepts and regulations. Through a logical and chronological order, the most important planning documents at different land-use management scales are analysed, by highlighting their relationships and protection and government functions. Through their critical analysis, the most important and innovative issues which were introduced over the time into spatial, landscape and environmental planning are discussed.

The course is divided into teaching units that include theoretical lessons in the classroom, seminars, and practical activities and surveys on a case study selected for the laboratory application activity. In this case the theoretical lessons are the basis for carrying out of the laboratory activity and for this reason they will be carried out in an integrate manner throughout the course, providing for the preparation of in-itinere exercise documents by the students. The content of these documents will be the subject of presentation and discussion with the professors. Specifically, each group must present the progress of their document during class, in order to ease the experience and information exchange among teams and to allow a critical discussion and to accept teacher’s indications and suggestions. At the exam, each group of students will present the document final version that will be considered as element for the final assessment.

Assessment methods

The course unit is part of the “Landscape Design and Spatial Planning” Integrated Course, together with the “Design and Construction of Green Areas” course unit. Therefore, the evaluation of the integrated course takes into account jointly the level of knowledge and skills acquired by the student in relation to the contents of both the above-mentioned course units.

The knowledge and skills taught in this course unit are evaluated through an interview, during which the knowledge and skills acquired about each of the theoretical and practical teaching units are assessed.

The interview includes:

1) Presentation and discussion of the graphical works realized in the laboratory activities (module 1 – teaching unit 2). Regularly, the document is defended collectively by the teams, and each member must participate to the presentation and discussion. The evaluation will consider: the documents realized by the group, the quality of document presentation and discussion of each team member, the skill to answer to topics not-included in the presentation since treated by other team members, the skill to answer to questions on the contents of Module 1.

This part represents the 50% of the final evaluation.

2) question related to the contents of Module 2 (Teaching Unit 3).

This part represents the 50% of the final evaluation.


The overall evaluation is formulated by the exam committee taking into account the level of knowledge and skills of the student with reference to the contents of all the teaching units.

The evaluation is expressed as a grade of out of 30. To pass the exam the student must prove to have an adequate level of knowledge about the main contents of all the teaching units. To reach a score with honor’s (lode), the student must prove to have in-depth analysis and critical reinterpretation capabilities about the subjects of the course.

The impossibility to participate in the theoretical lessons or in the practical parts does not preclude passing the examination: students who cannot attend them must contact the teachers to agree on the execution modality of the graphical work or on a substitute activity.

All dates, times and locations of the examinations are published on the website of the degree course. To subscribe use the web application AlmaEsami.

Teaching tools

Overhead projector; PC and projector; urban planning maps both in paper and digital format.

Office hours

See the website of Patrizia Tassinari

See the website of Moreno Daini


Quality education Sustainable cities Climate Action Life on land

This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.