35596 - Semeiotics and Internal Medicine of Companion Animals

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2022/2023

Learning outcomes

The activation of a course on Semiotics and Veterinary Internal Medicine of Companion Animals which focuses on pet, responds on the need to provide students, already in the fourth year of study, specific training useful to adequately fellow the course of Clinical and Therapy of Companion Animals of the follow year. In particular, the course of Semiotics and Veterinary Internal Medicine of Companion Animals, aims to provide students with the integration of the semiologic data and the knowledge of the most important diseases of medical interest that may involve several organ systems. At the end of the course the student is able to interpret the symptoms related to the diseases of different organs and learn about the ethiology, pathogenesis and clinical picture of the main diseases of the medical field, most frequently affecting dogs and cat.

Course contents

Teaching 1: T1; Teaching 2: T2

1. Introduction (T1)

Lesson topic: introduction to the subject, definition of the common points with previous and future exams, explanation of the structure of the exam. Scheduled hours 1

2. Gastroenterology (T1)

Lesson topic: Regurgitation. Scheduled hours 1

3. Gastroenterology (T1)

Lesson topic: Vomiting / diarrhea Scheduled hours 4

4. Gastroenterology (T1)

Lesson topic: acute abdomen Scheduled hours 1

5. Gastroenterology - practice (T1)

Topic: Gastroenterological clinical examination. Scheduled hours 2

6. Gastroenterology / cardiology (T1)

Lesson topic: Increase in abdomen volume. Scheduled hours 1

7. Pneumology (T1)

Lesson topic: Sneezing, nasal discharge, nasal occlusion Scheduled hours 1

8. Pneumology (T1)

Lesson topic: Cough  Scheduled hours 6

9. Pneumology / cardiology (T1) 

Lesson topic: Dyspnea Scheduled hours 1

10. Cardiology / pneumology  - practice (T1)

Topic: Cardiological and penumological examination. Scheduled hours 2

11. Cardiology / endocrinology (T1)

Lesson topic: Asthenia / syncope Scheduled hours 1

12. Endocrinology (T1)

Lesson topic: Alteration of the Body Condition Score Scheduled hours 1

13. Nephrology (T2)

Lesson topic: Polyuria / polydipsia Scheduled hours 4

14. Endocrinology  - practice (T1)

Lesson topic: Visit of patients with endocrinological diseases Scheduled hours 2

15. Nephrology / Urology (T2)

Lesson topic: Anuria / dysuria / stranguria Scheduled hours 2

16. Nephrology - practice (T2)

Lesson topic: Visit of patients with nephro / urological diseases Scheduled hours 2

17. Hematology (T2)

Lesson topic: Alteration of the mucosal membrane color Scheduled hours 1

18. Hematology (T2)

Lesson topic: Lymphadenomegaly Scheduled hours 1

19. Neurology (T1)

Lesson topic: Alteration of behaviour Expected hours 1

20. Neurology (T1)

Lesson topic: Head tilt Scheduled hours 1

21. Neurology (T1)

Lesson topic: Seizure disorders Scheduled hours 2

22. Neurology (T1)

Lesson topic: Paralysis / paresis Sscheduled hours 2

23. Neurology -  practice (T1)

Lesson topic: Visit of patients with neurological diseases Scheduled hours 2

24. Final practice (T1)

Topic: Tutorial guided clinical case (IOL) c o computer lab Hours scheduled 6


RW Nelson and CG Couto Small Animal Internal Medicine V ed Elsevier srl

Teaching methods

The teaching consists of lectures (36 hours) and practical classes (12 x 4 hours). In order to allow an effective participation in tutorials, practical classes will be made by dividing the students into four groups, each of which will be paid the same hours of exercise. The exercises are designed to acquire, on patients of the Animal Hospital, the proper execution of specific objectives of the different organ systems.


In relation with the kind of activities and teaching methods adopted, the frequency of this training activity requires all students to carry out Modules 1 and 2 in e-learning mode [https://www.unibo.it/it/servizi -and-opportunities / health-and-assistance / health-and-safety / safety-and-health-in-places-of-study-and-training] and thay are encouraged to participate in Module 3 of specific training on safety and health.

Information on dates and methods of attendance for Module 3 can be consulted in the specific section of the degree program website

Assessment methods

Oral exmination

The evaluation is scored in  x/30.

The test is passed with a score of at least 18/30. In the event of maximum marks (30/30), 30 cum laude can be attributed.

A very thorough knowledge of the topics addressed in the course, together with high skills of critical analysis, connection and a knowledge of specific terminology will be evaluated with the maximum score (30-30L).

A thorough knowledge of the topics covered in the course, together with good analytical and critical skills and the knowledge of specific terminology will be evaluated with good marks (27-29).

A technically adequate preparation and a sufficient analytical capacity, even if not particularly articulated, expressed in a correct language, will produce fair evaluations (23-26).

Sufficient preparation and capacity for analysis, expressed in a language which is barely formally correct, will determine the sufficiency (18-22).

Teaching tools

Every lesson will associate to several movies about the main diseases studied.

All the lessons will be downloaded on IOL (http://iol.unibo.it/), a program that will also host virtual clinical examination exercises.


Office hours

See the website of Marco Pietra

See the website of Francesco Dondi