08068 - Applied Physiology (C1)

Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Good health and well-being

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course,  students will learn how to measure key physiological variables in human subjects

Course contents


Application of physiological concepts and data to medical and surgical practice

Practical hands-on training

  • electrocardiography
  • spirometry
  • blood pressure measurement
  • simultaneous measurement of physiological variables

Virtual physiology laboratories

  • neurophysiology
  • cardiology
  • myology


Berne & Levy Physiology, (B.M. Koeppen and B.A. Stanton, Editors) 7th edition, Elsevier, 2017 (ISBN: 0323393942).

Teaching methods

Classes and hands-on training sessions.

In order to attend the training sessions, all students are required prior attendance of e-learning modules 1 and 2 on health and safety in workplaces

Assessment methods

The entire Physiology Course consists of three parts. The first (Cellular Physiology) is held during the first semester, the second (Apparatus Physiology) and the third (Applied Physiology) are held during the second semester. The exam is unique and is held at the end of the second semester, but the student can take a mid-term written test with alternate-choice questions at the end of the Cellular Physiology Course. The mid-term test includes 44 questions. The final score of the test is given by the algebraic sum of the score of the correct answers (1 point), of the wrong answers (-0.6 points) and of answers not given (0 points), converted into thirtieths. The mid-term test is considered sufficient with a score of 18/30. Students who accept the grade of the mid-term test take the final oral exam only on the parts relating to the Physiology of Apparatus and Applied Physiology. During the oral exam the student is questioned on topics drawn randomly with a balanced procedure (two questions regarding Apparatus Physiology and Applied Physiology, a third question on Cellular Physiology if the mid-term test has not been taken) by different teachers for each topic covered. If the answer is considered sufficient, each question is evaluated with a variable score between 18/30 and 30/30 with honors. The achievement by the student of a coherent vision of the topics discussed in the exam combined with their critical use, the demonstration of an expressive mastery and ability to use specific biomedical language terms are evaluated with marks of excellence. The mostly mechanical and / or mnemonic knowledge of the subject, the ability of synthesis and analysis not completely articulated, and / or the use of a correct but not always appropriate language lead to intermediate-grade evaluations; training gaps and / or inappropriate language in a context of basic yet complete knowledge of the exam material lead to marks that do not exceed sufficiency. Training and significant knowledge gaps concerning the teaching materials offered during the course and inappropriate language are negatively evaluated. Each of the three questions weighs one third in the calculation of the final grade. Insufficient evaluation of the answer to even one of the three questions renders the test insufficient.

Teaching tools

Electrocardiographs, spirometers, sphigmomanometers, stethoscopes, multiparameter monitors, personal computers equipped with virtual physiology simulation software. Projector.

Office hours

See the website of Alessandro Silvani