Course Unit Page

  • Teacher Elena Valentini

  • Learning modules Elena Valentini (Modulo 1)
    Marianna Biral (Modulo 2)

  • Credits 2

  • SSD IUS/16

  • Language Italian

  • Campus of Ravenna

  • Degree Programme Single cycle degree programme (LMCU) in Law (cod. 9233)

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

By the end of the course students acquire knowledge of the typical reasoning and persuasion techniques employed in criminal proceedings, depending on articulation, methods and objectives attributable to each party. The course is based on an integrated approach, both theoretical and practical, towards the subject aimed at improving students’ analytical capacities.

Course contents

In the initial phase, the course is dedicated to the analysis of principles and rules operating in relation to reasoning and persuasion activities.

Frontal teaching might be undertaken with the involvement of judges, prosecutors and lawyers.

In the second stage of the course, lessons pursue an interactive approach. Provided with the needed theoretical and practical tools, students have the opportunity to draft affidavits and other legal deeds on the basis of which they will be evaluated for the purpose of the qualifying examination.


Relevant reading materials will be supplied during the course.

It is warmly suggested the reading of ‘L’arte del dubbio’ by Gianrico Carofiglio, edited by Sellerio.

Teaching methods

Frontal teaching.

Active participation to the lessons and discussions among students are strongly encouraged.

Assessment methods

The assessment of students’ knowledge and capabilities is based on the evaluation of the assigned draft.

Particular attention is devoted to:

- The ability to identify the issues relevant for the settlement of the case.

- The ability to develop critical arguments.

- Clarity and accuracy of legal reasoning.

Office hours

See the website of Elena Valentini

See the website of Marianna Biral