73369 - MATERIALS CHEMISTRY

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

The course is focused on the applications of the principles of chemistry to the description of the behaviour of the solid state. At the end of the course the student will have the basis to understand the relationships between the nature and arrangements of the atoms, ions or molecules comprising a material and its overall bulk structural and physical properties. The acquired competences on advanced materials will be focused on aerospace structural design.

Course contents

Solid State Chemistry:

  • Amorphous and Crystalline solids
  • Bondings in solids
  • Ionic, metallic, covalent and molecular solids
  • The crystalline state: unit cells, crystal structures, crystal symmetry
  • Relationships between chemical bonds, crystal structures and physical properties
  • Imperfections in solids and their role in influencing properties

    Materials Characterization

  • X-ray Diffraction
  • Optical and electron microscopies
  • Surface characterization techniques
  • Scanning probe microscopy
  • Thermal analysis

    Polymeric materials

  • Polymer classifications: polymers and biopolymers
  • Thermoplastics and thermosets
  • Polymerization mechanisms and catalysis
  • Conductive polymers
  • Polymer additives and flame retardants
  • Polymer end of life and sustainability

    Composite materials

  • Classifications and properties
  • Particles -reinforced composites
  • Fibers- reinforced composites
  • Polymer-matrix composites
  • Metal-matrix composites
  • Ceramic-matrix composites
  • Hybrid composites

    Nanomaterials

  • Definitions and structural characteristics
  • Quantum dots, fullerenes, nanoparticles
  • Carbon nanotubes:characteristics and properties, synthesis
  • Two-dimensional nanostructures: graphene
  • Layered solids: nanoclays and layered double hydroxides; preparation of polymer nanocomposites.
  • Toxicity of nanomaterials

Readings/Bibliography

W.D. Callister J “Materials Science and Engineering”7th Edition Wiley (2007)

B. D. Fahlman "Materials Chemistry" 3th Edition, Springer (2018)

A. R. West " Solid State Chemistry and its Applications" 2nd Ed. Wiley (2014)

Teaching methods

Frontal lessons and seminars from experts in the field

Assessment methods

Written test at the end of the course.

Teaching tools

pdf slides on https://virtuale.unibo.it

Office hours

See the website of Annamaria Celli