Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Sustainable cities Responsible consumption and production Oceans

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course the student will know the concept of stress and stressor applied to fish species in intensive farming conditions. In particular, the measurable parameters that can be used to study the state of well-being / malaise and the strategies that can be used to mitigate the risks associated with intensive breeding as a threat to animal welfare will be identified.

Course contents

Definition of stress and stressor. Interactions between animals and the environment )biotic anc abiotic). Eustress and distress. Physiological role of responses to stress.

How we study stress in aquatic animals: variables and parameters to be considered in order to have indications of the level of objective and subjective stress of the farmed teleosts.

Evaluation of the strategies that can be used in different contexts to mitigate stress in aquatic animals.


Fisiologia degli animali marini. Alessandro Poli, Elena Fabbri. II edizione 2018 EdiSES s.r.l, Napoli.

Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology From Genome to Environment Reference Work • Editor-in-Chief: Anthony P. Farrell; Elsevier 2011

Fisiologia animale. R. Hill, G. Wise, M. Anderson. Zanichelli editore, Bologna 2006

Teaching methods

Frontal and streaming lessons. Seminars on specific topics. Group work led by the teacher.

Students with special needs are invited to contact the teacher by email or at the end of the lessons, to illustrate them and better organize the teaching and the conduct of the exams.

Assessment methods

Interview with the student on the entire C.I.

50% of the vote will relate to the assessment of the interview.

50% of the vote will relate to the evaluation of team work.

Teaching tools

Slides provided in IOL. Study material such as scientific articles. Video projection equipment.

Office hours

See the website of Maria Laura Bacci