71543 - Systems and Technologies for a Sustainable Livestock Production

Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Clean water and sanitation Affordable and clean energy Responsible consumption and production Climate Action

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

The students will acquire the knowledge on innovative technologies for a sustainable livestock farming, with particolar regard to the automatisation and informatisation of animal management, the reduction of environmental impact (Referring to Italian and European legislation), the slurry management and the production and use of renewable energy at farm level.

Course contents

Module 1 (prof. Paolo Liberati, verbalizing teacher)

Sustainability aspects: definitions and concepts.

Environmental sustainability. Sources of pollution of livestock origin. Chemical-biological mechanisms of organic matter pollution.

Precision livestock farming: animal monitoring and diagnostics. Animal welfare aspects.

Automation and robotization of livestock farming.

Energy saving technologies (topic integrated with Module 2).

Manure treatment. Innovative techniques to remove nitrogen from livestock manure.

Environmental legislation (Italian and Eurpean). Integrated Environmental Authorisation and Best Available Techniques (BAT); "Nitrates Directive", regional laws and setting up of the agronomic nitrogen utilisation plan.

Module 2 (prof. Mirko Maraldi)
Overview of energy production and use of energy from renewable sources.

Energy conversion of biomass: thermochemical and biochemical processes.

Anaerobic digestion, Theoretical and practical aspects.

Biogas plants: Construction and operational aspects.

Energy production from other renewable sources: wind, solar thermal and photovoltaic.


AA.VV., L’innovazione nella stalla da latte, Milano, Edagricole-New Business Media, 2018.

Renato Vismara, Francesca Malpei, Roberto Canziani, Sergio Piccinini, Biogas da agrozootecnia e agroindustria - Produzione di Energia da impianti di biogas da agricoltura, Ed. Flaccovio, 2011.

Clipboard of the lessons.

Supplementary material for more advanced study and integration (optional).


Teaching methods

Teaching is articulated in frontal lectures and lab experiments.
Technical visits to farms.


Assessment methods

The knowledge verification will be only through the final examination, which verifies the acquisition of knowledge and skills expected by an oral examination of about 30 minutes without the aid of notes or books. The oral examination consists of three questions each learning module.

The evaluation will be proportional to the student's ability to properly and critically argue the answers to the questions asked during the examination.The grading criterion for the mark will be, therefore, as far as possible, the following:
Preparation on a very limited number of topics covered in the course, and ability to analyse which emerges only with the help of the teacher, expression in a overall correct language: 18-19;
Preparation on a very limited number of topics covered in the course and ability to autonomously analyse only on purely executive issues, expression in correct language: 20-24;
Preparation on a large number of topics covered in the course, ability to make autonomous critical analysis, control of specific terminology: 25-29;
Substantially comprehensive preparation on the topics faced in the course, ability to make autonomous critical analysis and linking, full control of the specific terminology and ability to argue and self-reflect: 30-30L.

Teaching tools

Instruments and lab material, computer, videos, animal monitoring softwares.

Office hours

See the website of Paolo Liberati

See the website of Mirko Maraldi