74841 - History and Concepts of Photography (1)

Course Unit Page

  • Teacher Federica Muzzarelli

  • Credits 6

  • SSD L-ART/03

  • Language Italian

  • Campus of Rimini

  • Degree Programme First cycle degree programme (L) in Fashion Cultures and Practices (cod. 9064)


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Quality education Gender equality

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course the student has historical and critical knowledge about the developments of visual arts and photography in the XX century; he is able to analyse and interpret the strategy of the world of the communication in which photography plays a central role.

Course contents

From the invention of Photography to the artistic experiences of the XXth century. Special focus will be dedicated to:

  • The invention and the pioneers of photography
  • Pictorialism in XIX century
  • The Authomatism in photography from carte-de-visite to photobooth
  • Women and Photography: a Gender Perspective
  • Photography and the avant-gardes of early Twentieth Century
  • Photography and Pop Art
  • Conceptualism during the Sixties and Seventies
  • Last trend and Snapshot Style


- C. Marra, Fotografia e pittura nel Novecento (e oltre), Bruno Mondadori, Milano 2012, only the chapters: 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10.

- F. Muzzarelli, L'invenzione del fotografico. Storia e idee della fotografia dell'Ottocento, Einaudi, Torino 2014.

- Essays concerning C. Hawarden, Virginia Oldoini Contessa di Castiglione, Anne Brigman, Claude Cahun, Hannah Höch, Tina Modotti (the essays will be downloading at AMS Campus -Teaching Materials).

- Database of pictures (downloading from AMS Campus - Teaching Materials)

Students who have already attended History of Photography at DAMS (Prof. C. Marra) have to write an email to Professor F. Muzzarelli and have to prepare these readings for oral exam:

- S. Sontag, Sulla fotografia, trad.it. Einaudi, Torino 1978.

- R. Barthes, La camera chiara, trad.it. Einaudi, Torino 1980.

- C. Marra, L'immagine infedele, Bruno Mondadori, Milano 2006.

Teaching methods

Frontal lesson

Powerpoint and readings of pictures


Assessment methods

Written Test

The test is based on 31 questions with 4 possible answers.  

There are three typology of question:

- Recognition of the name of the authors of some pictures chosen from the database (see above).

- Questions about history of photography and informations about poetcis, protagonists and authors described in bibliography.

- Questions about the principal theoretical and critical issues analized in bibliography.


Teaching tools

PPt and Video

Office hours

See the website of Federica Muzzarelli