84394 - Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Radioprotection

Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Good health and well-being

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

Describe the principles and applications of the major techniques used in radiology and nuclear medicine. Describe the principal sources of radiological risk and the relevant protective measures for operators and patients. Understand the role of the radiologist on the health care team and the relationship of radiology to other clinical disciplines.

Course contents

Module 1

  1. Medical Physics & Radiation Risks; Intravascular Contrast Media for Radiography, CT, MRI and Ultrasound
  2. Ultrasound, Computed Tomography & Magnetic Resonance: basic principles
  3. Techniques in Thoracic Imaging and main indications of integrated imaging
  4. Cardiac Anatomy and Imaging Techniques
  5. Current Status of Imaging of the Gastrointestinal Tract: Imaging Techniques and Radiation Issues

Module 2

  1. Basic Nuclear Medicine Notions and Basic physics and radiopharmacy notions
  2. Pros and Cons of nuclear medicine procedures as compared to other imaging techniques
  3. Conventional nuclear medicine:
    • Scintigraphy
      • bone scintigraphy
      • renal scintigraphy
      • thyroid scintigraphy
      • lung scintigraphy
    • SPECT:
      • myocardial SPECT
      • brain SPECT
  4. PET/TC imaging:
    • imaging with 18F-FDG tracers
    • imaging with non 18F-FDG tracers
  5. Basic principles of radionuclide therapy


Module 1

  1. GRAINGER & ALLISON’S DIAGNOSTIC RADIOLOGY. A Textbook of Medical Imaging. 6TH EDITION. CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE © 2015, Elsevier. ISBN: 978-0-7020-4295-9 e-book ISBN: 978-0-7020-6128-8

  2. Herring W. LEARNING RADIOLOGY: RECOGNIZING THE BASICS, 3rd EDITION 2016; Elsevier ISBN: 978-0-323-32807-4

Module 2

  1. Clinical Nuclear Medicine. Editors: Hans-Jungen Biersack, Leonard M.Freeman. Springer

  2. Nuclear Oncology. Editors: Cumali Aktolum, Stanley J. Goldsmith. Wolters Kluwer

  3. Principles and practice of PET/CT. part 1 and 2. Technologist's Guide. Official publication of the European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging

  4. A. Taylor, D.M. Schuster, and N. Alazraki. A Clinicians' Guide to Nuclear Medicine, 2nd edition ISBN-13: 978-0932004727 ISBN-10: 0932004725

Teaching methods

Attendance to learning activities is mandatory; the minimum attendance requirement to be admitted to the final exam is 60% of lessons. For Integrated Courses (IC), the 60% attendance requirement refers to the total amount of I.C. lessons. Students who fail to meet the minimum attendance requirement will not be admitted to the final exam of the course, and will have to attend relevant classes again during the next academic year. Professors may authorise excused absences upon receipt of proper justifying documentation, in case of illness or serious reasons. Excused absences do not count against a student’s attendance record to determine their minimum attendance requirement.

Module 1

Frontal lessons with the help of Power-Point presentations.The teaching of Radiology involves 8 hours of lectures.

Module 2

Oral lecture; clinical case discussion.

Assessment methods

Final evaluation will be performed by means of a joint test on all topics covered in the integrated course. The test will be based on 40 multiple choice questions (4 available aswers, only one is correct). In general, at least 5 questions from each different teaching module will be included in the test. The exam is passed (score 18) when at least 24 questions are correctly answered. When all the questions are answered correctly the final score will be 30, with honours.

Teaching tools


Office hours

See the website of Rita Golfieri

See the website of Valentina Ambrosini