39089 - Pathophysiology

Course Unit Page

  • Teacher Giuseppina Di Stefano

  • Credits 2

  • SSD MED/04

  • Teaching Mode Traditional lectures

  • Language Italian

  • Campus of Bologna

  • Degree Programme First cycle degree programme (L) in Midwifery (cod. 9201)

  • Course Timetable from Mar 07, 2022 to Apr 20, 2022


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Quality education

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

Knowledge of general mechanisms underlying human diseases: natural and acquired immunity, neoplastic transformation, hemodynamic disorders.

Course contents

Aims and methods of general pathology

Natural immunity

Acute inflammation: exudate formation; fagocytosis. Chronic inflammatory reactions. Tissue repair.

Acquired immunity

Antibodies and humoral immunity. Breast feeding and immune protection of the newborn. Cell-mediated immune reactions. Hypersensitivity reactions.

Neoplastic transformation

Characteristics of neoplastic tissues. Metastatic dissemination. Carcinogens. Cancer epidemiology. Breast feeding as a protective factor against breast cancer.


M. Parola

Patologia Generale.


Teaching methods


Assessment methods

The final exam will be conducted orally and will aim to verify the achievement of educational objectives; more specifically, it will assess the student's knowledge of the basic mechanisms through which human diseases are generated. The student will be asked to discuss in depth one of the topics covered during the teaching course.

The final grade of the “Microbiology and Pathology” course is the average of the grades obtained in the tests of General Pathology, Microbiology and Clinical Pathology.

Teaching tools

Use of personal computer with slide showing.

Office hours

See the website of Giuseppina Di Stefano