00278 - General Microbiology and Clinical Microbiology

Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Zero hunger Good health and well-being Clean water and sanitation

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

The student should recognize the main characteristics of the distinct goups of microorganisms, the main diagnostic methods for identification of microorganisms, and the pathogenetic mechanisms employed by pathogens. The student should also have specific knowledge on pathogens responsible of infections of the uro-genital tract, and infections transmitted during pregnancy or at birth.

Course contents

Characteristics of microorganisms: bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa.

Generalities about transmission routes of infections.

Mechanisms of pathogenesis and host defenses.

Generalities on direct and indirect diagnosis of infections.

Generalities on vaccines. The serological diagnosis.

Transmission of infectious agents through breast milk.

Pathogens that cause infections of the uro-genital tract: E. coli, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, candida, herpes simplex virus, papillomavirus.

Mother-to-child-transmission: pathogens that can be transmitted during pregnancy or perinatal period or postnatal period, including 1) bacteria (Treponema pallidum, Streptococcus agalactiae), 2) viruses (rubella virus, parvovirus B19, cytomegalovirus, HIV, hepatitis viruses), and 3) protozoa (Toxoplasma gondii).


Suggested text-book: Michele La Placa. Principi di Microbiologia Medica, Edises, XIV Ed and teaching materials provided by the teacher.

Teaching methods

In-class lectures will be supported by video projector and PC.

Assessment methods

Oral examination with at least 3 questions about the course contents

The examination will evaluate whether the students have mastered the above listed skills and have reached the teaching objectives. The final oral examination will focus on specific questions about bacteriology, virology, mycology and parassitology (the mechanisms of pathogenesis, routes of transmission, microbiological diagnosis, therapy and vaccines).

Preparation on a very limited number of topics covered in the course and analytical skills that emerge only with the help of the teacher, expressed in an overall correct language --> 18-19

Preparation on a limited number of topics covered in the course and ability to autonomous analysis only on purely executive matters, expression in correct language --> 20-24

Preparation on a large number of topics covered in the course, ability to make autonomous choices of critical analysis, use of specific terminology --> 25-29

Exhaustive preparation on the topics covered in the course, ability to make independent choices of critical analysis and connection, use of specific terminology and ability to argue and self-reflection → 30-30L

Teaching tools

In-class lectures will be supported by slides. Most of slides will be available online at the end of the course (AMS Campus, http//campus.unibo.it).

Office hours

See the website of Tiziana Lazzarotto