90316 - General Pathology Lab-based Course (C2C)

Course Unit Page

  • Teacher Giuseppina Di Stefano

  • Credits 2

  • Teaching Mode Traditional lectures

  • Language Italian

  • Campus of Bologna

  • Degree Programme Single cycle degree programme (LMCU) in Medicine and Surgery (cod. 8415)

  • Course Timetable from Nov 10, 2021 to Dec 16, 2021


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Quality education

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course, the student knows the general aspects of histopathology and recognizes the microscopic cell and tissue changes caused by diseases and by defence reactions. He/she is able to establish the relationship between tissue changes and disease mechanisms. He/she knows the limits and the potential of hystopathology.

Course contents

Microscopic general histopathology: reversible cell injury and fatty change, amyloidosis, necrosis and infarction, acute and chronic inflammation, granulation tissue, fibrosis, cirrhosis, atherosclerosis, thrombosis, epithelial and mesenchymal tumors, metastasis.


Tissue slides are available in digital format at:

http://virtualmicroscopy.patologia-sperimentale.unibo.it/ [http://patologia-sperimentale.unibo.it/virtualmicroscopy/]

Teaching methods

The students will be divided in four groups to ensure the individual access to microscopes and the opportunity of studying the histological slides. A teacher will be constantly present during laboratory training, to guide the study, answer the questions and solve the problems.

Assessment methods

The student will be asked to recognize and discuss one of the histopathological preparations (slides) among those treated in the course, and in the discussion of theoretical topics among those treated in the course with the teachers who taught the course.

Graduation of the final grade

Insufficient: lack of preparation. Serious and repeated conceptual errors.

18-19: knowledge of the basic concepts without serious gaps. Exposition of concepts and language as a whole acceptable.

20-24: knowledge of the basic concepts without gaps. Ability to analyze and link in partial autonomy. Exposure of discrete concepts and language.

25-29: preparation of good or very good level or even excellent preparation but with inaccuracies in the presentation that compromise the achievement of full marks. Ability to analyze and link independently. Exposure of concepts in the right succession and mastery of the language.

30-30L: full preparation, consolidated and without inaccuracies on the topics covered in the course. Ability to promptly frame the topic. Ability to analyze and connect independently. Concepts in the right succession and full command of the specific language.

The exam will focus on the topics covered in class and will be supported with the Professor who taught. Each student will therefore take two tests in Pathology and General Physiopathology which will compete for 2/3 (1/3 + 1/3) for the final grade. The General Pathology and Physiopathology exam will take place together with the General Pathology Laboratory test. The latter will contribute 1/3 to the final grade. The final grade will derive from the mathematical average of the marks reported in the individual tests approximated by excess (-, 66) or by default (-, 33). Honors will be awarded to the Student who has been proposed for honors by at least one of the three Professors and only if the full grade (30/30) has been achieved in the other parts.

Teaching tools

The histopathology laboratory has 48 microscopes and a microscope-connected projector.

Office hours

See the website of Giuseppina Di Stefano