78442 - Environmental appraisal

Course Unit Page

  • Teacher Alessandro Ragazzoni

  • Credits 6

  • SSD AGR/01

  • Teaching Mode Traditional lectures

  • Language Italian

  • Campus of Bologna

  • Degree Programme Second cycle degree programme (LM) in Planning and management of agro-territorial, forest and landscape (cod. 8532)

  • Teaching resources on Virtuale

  • Course Timetable from Feb 21, 2022 to May 27, 2022


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Quality education Climate Action Life on land

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course, the student has acquired the ability to use the main economic instruments of territorial and environmental evaluation of monetary and non-monetary kind. In particular, the student is able to: understand the procedures and collaborate on major cases of analysis of territorial importance, with particular reference to environmental impact assessment. conduct spatial assessment, as regards the effects of a project will determine the components of agro-environmental measures, in line with the guidelines of the EU agricultural policies

Course contents

Teaching Unit 1 (3 hours): Work on the evolution of economic thought for the environment.  
Results: The student knows the main developments of economic thought for environmental protection starting from the classical thought, the thought Marxist theories of John Stuart Mill, and finally at the thought Neoclassical 
Teaching Unit 2 (12 hours): The market environment: theory and application 
Results: The student knows the market model for the environment. Is able to give the definition of externalities and structure a model of theoretical evaluation. We propose a classification of the models used for the evaluation of externalities such as the materials balance and property rights. The student distinguishes environmental standards and environmental taxes as a means of achieving sustainability point of the market.
Teaching Unit 3 (5 hours): Description and evaluation of natural resources 
Results: the student knows the critical factors of the man-economic activity in the exploitation of environmental resources, necessary to enable a production process; also learns the classificatory systems of reserves and resources and the concept of sustainable development for the production process in order to minimize pollution and externalities. 
Teaching Unit 4 (10 hours): Evaluation of environmental resources 
Results: The student is able to indicate the definition and the differences between good public / private and economic good. He knows the tools and models of economic analysis going from real market value of an asset according to a classical exchange and supply / demand, up to the value of existence. 
Teaching Unit 5 (30 hours): Models and analysis tools and case studies
Results: The student knows and applies the main models and analysis tools including: the 'Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA), the Environmental Accounting, Analysis of the consumption / production of energy in a process: the model EROEI, the Travel Cost Method and Evaluation pluriparametrica of ornamental plants, ecological footprints and circular economy.


Caggiati P., Ragazzoni A. (2000), La valutazione dell'ambiente: metodologie di analisi e casi di studio, Pitagora Editrice, Bologna.

- Pearce David W., Turner, R. Kerry, (1991), Economia delle risorse naturali e dell'ambiente, Il Mulino, Bologna.

- The course material consists of the slides presented in class and made ​​ available to students in the appropriate website (website: http://www.unibo.it/docenti/alessandro.ragazzoni).

Teaching methods

The course is mainly done through lectures with video projection of power point with the possibility of exercises in the computer lab and seminars by experts in the field

Assessment methods

The course is part of the Integrated Course ofESTIMO TERRITORIALE E CARTOGRAFIA CATASTALE along with the following other teaching:Cartografia catastale con elementi di CAD e GIS .
Therefore, the evaluation of the course takes into account jointly the level of knowledge and skills acquired by the student in relation to the contents of all of the above teachings. The knowledge and skills taught in this course are evaluated in the following ways: oral exam at the end of the course of instruction may be preceded by written tests in progress.

Teaching tools

Analysis of computer models support PC, lessons in power point; exercises and case studies on PC.

Office hours

See the website of Alessandro Ragazzoni