76077 - Cardiology

Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Good health and well-being

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

At the end of the module the student has basic knowledge on cardiovascular diseases, with particular reference to the implications of podiatry interest

Course contents

Cardiovascular semeiotics: meaning of the monitoring of vital parameters, and cardiovascular implications in finding altered values (heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, diuresis, body temperature). Chest pain diagnostics: stable angina, unstable angina and heart attack; non-ischemic cardiovascular chest pain (dissecting aneurysm of the aorta, pericarditis).
Cardiovascular risk factors and the prevention of cardiovascular diseases: dyslipidemia, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, smoking. Primary prevention, secondary prevention.
Cardiological diagnostics: instrumental examinations in cardiology (ECG, stress test, ultrasound, scintigraphy, angiography, magnetic resonance imaging, new endovascular imaging techniques) indications for their use and limits of these techniques. Nursing assistance with diagnostic tests (basal and dynamic ECG, stress test, myocardial scintigraphy, echocardiography). Nursing care in the hemodynamics room and in the electrophysiology room.
Electrocardiogram: Meaning of P, QRS, T waves and ST segment
Coronary syndromes: Pathophysiology of stable angina and acute coronary syndromes. Clinic: stable angina and acute coronary syndromes. Therapy principles: stable angina and acute coronary syndromes.
Arrhythmias. Classification, pathophysiology. Notes on supraventricular tachyarrhythmias: atrial fibrillation and flutter. Notes on ventricular tachyarrhythmias: ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation. Tip twist. Tachyarrhythmia therapy. Bradyarrhythmias. Pace-maker implant and cardiology devices.
Heart failure: etiopathogenesis, clinical pathophysiology of chronic gambpenso and acute heart failure (acute pulmonary edema). Therapy principles.
Valvular disease :Etiopathogenesis, pathophysiology, clinic, diagnosis and medical and surgical treatment of aortic, mitral and tricupidal insufficiency, and aortic and mitral stenosis
Myocardiopathies and endocarditis: outline
Congenital heart disease: outline
Pericarditis: outline


Harrison: Internal Medicine
Only the topics discussed.

Teaching methods

Frontal teaching method

Assessment methods

Written exam or oral exam to be defined with the other teachers of the course

Teaching tools

projector, PC, overhead projector

Office hours

See the website of Carmine Pizzi