75458 - Materials and Technologies for Historic Buildings M

Course Unit Page

  • Teacher Marco Alvise Bragadin

  • Learning modules Marco Alvise Bragadin (Modulo 1)
    Francesca Bond (Modulo 2)

  • Credits 6

  • SSD ICAR/11

  • Teaching Mode Traditional lectures (Modulo 1)
    Traditional lectures (Modulo 2)

  • Language English

  • Campus of Ravenna

  • Degree Programme Second cycle degree programme (LM) in Engineering of Building Processes and Systems (cod. 8829)

  • Teaching resources on Virtuale


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Sustainable cities

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

At the end of the class, student has knowledge of the evolution of both the historic materials and construction techniques and the repair methods, especially focusing on stone, wood and masonry. In particular, at the end of the course he/she is able to specify a set of criteria useful to ensure that the materials selected for conservation and rehabilitation are best suited to the needs of each building in terms of safety, efficiency, compatibility and cost effectiveness, as a palette of variables that the design must manage simultaneously.

Course contents

  1. Introduction: rehabilitation, repair and maintenance processes for historic buildings. Performance-based building design for historic buildings.
  2. Historic Construction Materials and Techniques.
    1. Timber structures: wood properties, structural timber.
    2. Stone and brick masonry: stone masonry, brick masonry, masonry mortar.
    3. Construction technologies and structural elements: foundations, walls, piers and columns, beams, floors, roofs and trusses, arches and vaults.
  3. Building pathology.
    1. Building pathology definition. Defect, failure and anomaly.
    2. Causes of decay in materials and structure. Investigation process. Diagnostic process. Diagnostic system for non-destructive surveys of building constructions.
    3. Cases of failures. Defects information sheets. Review of failures and defects.
  4. Repair techniques:
    1. Stone and bricks masonry retrofitting.
    2. Structural timber repairs.
    3. Rehabilitation project building site: temporary works, scaffolding, drilling works, grouting.
  5. Facility Management & Building Life Cycle
    1. Maintenance process of historic buildings.
    2. Life Cycle Assessment.
    3. Life Cycle Cost Analysis (LCC).


Class notes available in the unibo web site “Virtual Learning Environment” https://virtuale.unibo.it

Augustin M. (EDT) (2008) “Handbook 1 Timber Structures” Leonardo Pilot Projects

CIB W023 Commission (2010) “Guide for the structural rehabilitation of Heritage Buildings” CIB pub. 335

Croci, G. (1998) “The conservation and structural restoration of architectural Heritage”, Computational Mechanics Publications, Southampton UK.

Feilden B. (1982) “Conservation of Historic Buildings” Elsevier

Hendry, A.W., Sinha B.P., Davies S.R. (2004) “Design of Masonry Structures” E & F Spoon

Klingner R.E. (2010) Masonry Structural Design” Mac-Graw Hill

Syngellakis S. (EDT) (2013) “Retrofitting of Heritage Structures” Ed. Computational Mechanics.

Teaching methods

The course content will be entirely covered by lectures.

The course is divided into two modules

- module 1 Prof. Marco Bragadin

- module 2 Prof Francesca Bond

The two modules will be held simultaneously, i.e. module n. 1 will address theory and module n. 2 will address practice exercises and homework.

Mandatory homework / project work will deepen course topics, students can have support from the computer laboratory of the faculty. In-class practical works will be evaluated in the final exam. Attendance in practical classes is recommended.

Assessment methods

Achievements will be assessed by the means of a final exam. This is based on an analytical assessment of the "expected learning outcomes" described above. Both modules will be tested in the final exam.

In order to properly assess such achievement the examination is composed of different sessions: written session, which consist of a test composed of questions; to be eligible to take the oral exam the student must score in the written test a minimum total of 18 points with a maximum of 30.

The oral session, consists of: a review of the homework and of the in-class exercises, and a review of the written output, in which examiners inform the student on grading criteria, and receive any student appeal supported by appropriate explanations; and a technical conversation.

In the final exam written and oral examinations are mandatory. Homework and in-class exercises will be evaluated and discussed in final exam. Homework must be completed and passed prior the oral exam.

Higher grades will be awarded to students who demonstrate an organic understanding of the subject, a high ability for critical application, and a clear and concise presentation of the contents.

Teaching tools

The teaching tools are projector and PC.

Office hours

See the website of Marco Alvise Bragadin

See the website of Francesca Bond