17305 - Psychology of Group Relationships

Course Unit Page

  • Teacher Silvia Moscatelli

  • Credits 8

  • SSD M-PSI/05

  • Teaching Mode Traditional lectures

  • Language Italian

  • Campus of Cesena

  • Degree Programme First cycle degree programme (L) in Psychological sciences and techniques (cod. 8774)

  • Teaching resources on Virtuale


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Good health and well-being Gender equality Reduced inequalities Sustainable cities

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course, students a) will know the functioning of social groups, their potentials and their disfunctions; b) will be able to understand the differences between individual and group behaviour; c) will be able to understand the differences between group and intergroup behaviour; d) will know the origins of pregiudice and social discrimination.

Course contents

The following issues will be addressed:

1. Socio-psychological definition of a group
2. The psychology of crowds
3. Group socialisation and interaction processes
4. Morality within groups
5. Group productivity and decision-making
6. Prejudice
7. Individual accounts of prejudice
8. Stereotypes
10. Prejudice and intergroup relations

11. New and old forms of prejudice
12. Sexism and sexual objectification of women
13. Prejudice reduction

The course will resume some classical topics of social psychology (e.g., intergroup conflict), with the aim of examining in depth such issues and illustrating their theoretical and research development. Thus, the course of social psychology should be intended as preparatory for the course of psychology of group relations.

The course will take place during the second semester (from February to May 2022) at the Cesena Campus of the School of Psychology and Education (address: p.zza A. Moro, 90).


Brown, R. (2005). Psicologia sociale dei gruppi. Bologna: Il Mulino (Chapters 1, 2, 3, 5)

[Brown, R. (1999). Group processes: Dynamics within and between groups (2nd Edition). Wiley Blackwell].

Brown, R. (2013). Psicologia del pregiudizio. Bologna: Il Mulino (ch 1-2; ch. 3 par. 1.3; ch. 4;ch. 5;ch. 6 except for par. 2.1.1, 2.1.3, 4; ch. 7 till 2.4; ch. 8 par.2.2 only; ch. 9).

[English version: Brown, R. (2010). Prejudice: Its social psychology (2nd edition). Wiley-Blackwell]

Pagliaro, S. e Di Cesare, C. (2013). La moralità in psicologia sociale: L’importanza di un approccio basato sui gruppi. Psicologia Sociale, 2/2013, 193-210.

[Foreign students can replace this article with the following one: Ellemers, N., Pagliaro, S., & Barreto, M. (2013). Morality and behavioural regulation in groups: A social identity approach. European Review of Social Psychology, 24, 160-193.]

Carraro et al. (2011). Di padre in figlio. La trasmissione degli stereotipi di genere all’interno della famiglia. Psicologia Sociale 2/2011, 153-170.

Galdi, S. (2014). Dall’oggettivazione delle donne in televisione alle molestie sessuali, il passo è breve? Psicologia Sociale, 3/2014, 271-289

[Foreign students can replace Carraro et al. 2011 and Galdi 2014 with two articles in English. Please contact me if you wish to replace the two articles]


NB: To pass the exame, students should study the chapters and articles indicated above and also know the topics addressed during the classes (and in the slides uploaded in Virtuale), even when such topics are not addressed in the exam materials. Seminars held by guest scholars are part of the exam materials. The slides of regular classes and seminars will be available online on Virtuale. 

Teaching methods

Classroom taught -lessons will require the active participation of students.

During the course students will carry out group work on specific topics.

Assessment methods

The examinations aims at werifying students' achievement of the following outcomes:

a) knowledge of the functioning of social groups, their potentiality and their disfunctions; b) ability to understand the differences between individual and group behavior, and to identify the main group phenomena; c) knowledge of the origins of prejudice and social discrimination; d) ability to plan interventions of prejudice reduction and amelioration of group relationships.

The examination will consist in 31 closed questions to be addressed in 25 minutes. Each correct answer will be scored 1; each incorrect answer will be scored 0. In order to pass the exam, students should provide at least 18 correct answers. With 30 correct answer, the mark will be 30; students who provide correct answers to all the 31 questions will obtain the mark of 30L.

Erasmus students and students who have right to additional examination time should email the teacher before the examination. Erasmus students might use a paper dictionary during the examination.

Students might carry out an individual work (i.e., a brief essay commenting an international journal article) or a group work (i.e., a group presentation during classes). The individual work must be sent to the teacher before May 15th, 2022. The individual and the group work (with a mark ranging from 0 to 4) will contribute to the final mark. The evaluation of the individual and the group work will consider students' ability to present the scientific article (up to 2 points) and to critically refer to the broader social issue and/or to the theoretical approaches addressed during the lectures (up to 2 points).

Students who want to take the exam are required to register through almaesami before the deadline. Students who will not be able to register due to technical problems before the deadline should communicate it to the secretary. The teacher will decide whether they can take the exam.

Teaching tools

Slides (PowerPoint). Slides used during the lectures will be available for students on the "Insegnamenti online" (IOL) platform.

During the lessons, the teacher will signal scientific articles which students could use for group or individual additional work.

According to Law n°170/2010 students with diagnoses of DSA and students with disabilities are entitled to the specific forms of assessment and can use the allowed support tools during the exam (electronic devices, supplementary time, etc.).

Office hours

See the website of Silvia Moscatelli