03816 - Veterinary Surgery

Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Quality education Gender equality

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

Purpose of the course of "Veterinary Surgery" is to provide the students with the tools to perform:
- a complete physical examination patients

- medical tests to determine the state of health of an animal
- a therapy.

Course contents

The course is divided into two modules:

1 PETS (prof. Ombretta Capitani):

-surgical diseases of salivary glands

-surgical diseases of the gastrointestinal apparatus (from the mouth up to the anus)

-surgical diseases of the ear (ear canal and middle ear)

-surgical disease urinary system (stenosis,calculi,urinary cancers)

-surgical diseases of the spleen

-surgical oncology

-the most common skin cancers

-reconstructive plastic surgery techniques

The course contents will be complemented by clinical cases examined during the surgery internship.

These slides should only be considered as a basis for the study that has to be carried out on the suggested textbooks.

2 LARGE ANIMAL (prof. Alessandro Spadari):

-Clinical pathology of respiratory intracranial tract

-Clinical pathology of the upper respiratory tract in horse

-Clinic of abdominal diseases in horse

-Clinical diseases of the urinary tract in horse

-Foot's lameness in horse

-Fractures of the metacarpal / metatarsal bones

-Clinical pathology of the pelvic limb

-Clinical disorders of skeletal limbs of the calf

-Clinical diseases of the bovine foot

-Clinic of joints diseases of the horse

-Clinical eye diseases in horse

-Clinical pathology of the stomachs of cattle

-Clinic of surgical lesions of the breast in bovine

-Emergency management in trauma of the horse


Slatter – Small animal surgery, Saunders 2008

T.W.Fossum - Chirurgia dei piccoli animali - Quinta Ed. Italiana -Edra e.v. 2021

JR Gomez, JG Morales, MJM Sanudo - La chirurgia nella clinica dei piccoli animali. SERVET, 2013

LR Aronson - Small Animal Surgical Emergiences - Wiley Blackwell, 2016

Kudnig and Séguin – Veterinary surgical oncology - Wiley-Blackwell 2012

Johston S.A and Tobias K.M.-- Veterinary surgery: small animal. second edition -Elsevier, 2018

Mann-Constantinescu-Yoon -Fundamentals of small animal surgery -John Wiley & Sons, 2011

Fubini Ducharme, Farm Animal Surgery, Lea Febiger 2002

Stashak, La zoppicatura nei cavalli Saunders 2011

Ross, Lameness in the horse Saunders 2nd ed. 2011

Auer Stick Equine Surgery Lea Febiger 2012

Dirksen, Medicina interna e chirurgia del bovino Le point Veterinaire 2010

Teaching methods

The course consists of frontal lessons (32 hours) and practical classes (18 x 4 hours).

1 PETS 16 hours of frontal lessons and 8 x 4 hours of practical classes

2 LARGE ANIMALS 16 hours of frontal lessons and 8 x 4 hours of practical classes

a. lectures
Lectures involve the use of PowerPoint presentations supplemented by numerous clinical cases useful to the description of various diseases. In addition, to improve the understanding, presentations are accompanied by numerous images  and videos on different aspects of the pathology or diagnostic imaging frameworks, such as ultrasound or x-rays etc.
In detail, the lessons will be carried out by treating the diseases with the following scheme:
• Collection of anamnesis
• Symptoms, physical examination and differential diagnosis
• Exams side
• Definitive diagnosis
• medical and surgical therapies

b. practical lessons
The practical lessons are carried out by dividing the students into four groups, to form groups of about 25 students.




The practical lessons are carried out using real clinical cases in the presence of the patient in the clinic or operating room or, alternatively, PowerPoint presentations will be used for group discussion of the case.Individual surgical activities.

Assessment methods

Oral and Practical examination

The purpose of the oral examination is to evaluate the skill of the student to apply his store of knowledge and to correctly perform logical-deductive connections. Usually the oral examination is based on the presentation of a clinical case, possibly supported by the viewing of images and/or videos. The student is asked to make a list of differential diagnoses and to discuss what elements are pros and cons of the various hypotheses, and to suggest how to reach the final diagnosis and to decide the treatment plan. During the examination the student have to answer to in-depth questions related to the topic discussed.

Is very important that the student uses a correct lexicon and that he reasons transversally, connecting all the topics of the course and the knowledge from previous courses.

The final result of the tests will be the arithmetic mean between the grade of the integrated module Veterinary Surgical Clinic and the Orthopedics grade.

It should be pointed out that the slides projected in class are only a trace to be deepened then on the recommended textbooks.


Prof. O.Capitani verbalize your examination.

Office hours

See the website of Ombretta Capitani

See the website of Alessandro Spadari