50168 - Systematic Comparative Veterinary Anatomy I

Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Quality education Life on land

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

The purpose of the course is the knowledge of the structural organization of the locomotor apparatus in Domestic Mammals. The student will be able to recognize and to describe the bones, the joints and the main muscles of the body.

Course contents

Osteology: axial, cingular and appendicular skeleton.

Arthrology: classification, in detail: joints of the vertebral column, joints of the thoracic and pelvic limbs.

Myology: general myology. In detail: masticatory muscles, pectorals muscles, diaphragm, muscles of the thoracic and pelvic limbs, abdominal muscles.


Barone R: Anatomia Comparata dei Mammiferi Domestici (I, II: parte I e II), ed. italiana a cura di Bortolami R e Callegari E, Edagricole, Bologna, (last editions).

Delmann HD, Eurell JA: Istologia e Anatomia Microscopica Veterinaria, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana, Milano, (2000).

Bortolami R, Callegari E, Clavenzani P, Beghelli V: Anatomia e Fisiologia degli Animali Domestici, Edagricole Il Sole 24 Ore, Milano (2009).

Dyce KM, Sack WO, Wensing CJG: Anatomia Veterinaria, ed. italiana a cura di Ceccarelli P, Germanà G, Mascarello F, Peirone SM, Scapolo PA, Antonio Delfino Editore, (2006).

Teaching methods

During the hours of frontal teaching (25 hours, Aula Lanfranchi) computer presentations are used (Power Point). During practical hours (8 hours) students attend the Anatomical Room (8 tables) divided into 4 turns of about 20 students. Students have the opportunity to attend the Anatomical Room outside official hours. Therefore they study autonomously with a possible support of the teacher or of one of his collaborators. A loan service for osteological material was also organized.

It is advisable to wear a gown for access to the Anatomical Room.

Students with disabilities or DSA are invited to contact the teacher in order to better organize teaching and exams.

Assessment methods

The module is part of the Integrated Course: Histology, Anatomy and Veterinary Zoology. The test consists of an oral test during which the student must demonstrate that he has acquired the correct terminology and ability to connect the bone segment to muscles and ligaments. The final grade is the arithmetic average of the three modules.

Teaching tools

Anatomical room for practical exercises on fresh and dry preparations. Educational portal. Bone loan service.

The teaching material presented in class is made available to the student either directly in class or using the teacher's website.

Office hours

See the website of Paolo Clavenzani

See the website of Luca Lorenzini