50170 - Systematic and Comparative Veterinary Anatomy III

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course, the student knows the organization, both at the macroscopic and microscopic, of angiology and the lymphatic system, the respiratory system, integument of Domestic Mammals and Avian Anatomy.

Course contents

Angiology: heart, the structure of the blood and lymphatic vessels. The arterial and venous system. The lymphatic system: lymph nodes, sleen, thymus. Lymphocenters and lymphatic drainage.

Respiratory system: nostrils and vestibule of the nose, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lung. Thoracic cavity.

Integument: skin, hair, horn, hoof and mammary complex.


Introduction to the body systems of the domestical birds. Skeleton: skull and cranial kinesis, cervical and thoracic vertebrae, synsacrum and pelvis, caudal part of the vertebral column, sternum, ribs and pectoral muscle. Peritoneal cavities and digestive system: classification, topografy, structure and functionality. Circulatory system: heart, small and great circulation. Lymphatic system: primary and secondary lymphatic organs. Beak, oral cavity and pharynx, tongue. Oesophagus with crop. Proventriculus. Gizzard. Small and large intestine. Liver and pancreas. Respiratory system: nasal cavity, choana, laryngeal mound and larynx, trachea, syrinx. Lung and air sacs Urogenital system: kidneys and ureters. Ovary and oviduct. Testes and sexual development. External features and integument.


Barone R: Anatomia Comparata dei Mammiferi Domestici (III, V: parte I e II), ed. italiana a cura di Bortolami R e Callegari E, Edagricole, Bologna, (ultime edizioni).

Delmann HD, Eurell JA: Istologia e Anatomia Microscopica Veterinaria, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana, Milano, (2000).

Hans-Georg Liebich: Istologia e Anatomia Microscopica dei Mammiferi Domestici e degli Uccelli, Piccin, (2012).

Bortolami R, Callegari E, Clavenzani P, Beghelli V: Anatomia e Fisiologia degli Animali Domestici, Edagricole Il Sole 24 Ore,Milano (2009).


Konig HE, Liebich HG: Anatomia degli Animali Domestici, 3° Ed. Italiana a cura di Marco Zedda, Piccin, (2020).

Dyce KM, Sack WO, Wensing CJG: Anatomia Veterinaria, ed. italiana a cura di Ceccarelli P, Germanà G, Mascarello F, Peirone SM, Scapolo PA, Antonio Delfino Editore, (2006).

Nickel - Schummer -Seiferle, Trattato di Anatomia degli animali domestici, vol V, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana, (1984).

Teaching methods

During the hours of frontal teaching (34 hours, Aula Lanfranchi), computer presentations are used (Power Point). During practical hours (10 hours) the students attend the microscopic anatomy room (40 microscopes) and the anatomic room (8 tables) divided into shifts of about 20 students. The macroscopic anatomy involves the study and dissection of animals or organs of horses, cattle, pigs, carnivores and birds. During the exercises the students will be able to do dissection on organs such as: heart, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, spleen. As far as the birds are concerned, the student can perform a dissection on a chicken and any non-domestic birds if available.

To access the Anatomical Room it is compulsory to wear a gown and boots (as an alternative the disposable shoe covers). When necessary, DPI will be provided that are suitable for the performance of the specifications (for example disposable gloves and goggles). Students with disabilities or DSA are invited to contact the teacher in order to better organize teaching and exams.

Assessment methods

The module is part of the Integrated Course: Systematic Comparative Veterinary Anatomy. The test consists of an oral test, preceded by the recognition of two histological preparations. The student will be asked a question for each device. The final grade results to be the arithmetic average of the two modules.

Teaching tools

Microscopic room for the observation of histological preparations, anatomic room for practical exercises on fresh preparations and dry preparations. Educational portal. The teaching material presented in class is made available to the student either directly in class or using the teacher's website.

Office hours

See the website of Paolo Clavenzani

See the website of Luca Lorenzini