39302 - Hygiene and Communicable Diseases

Course Unit Page


This teaching activity contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda.

Good health and well-being Sustainable cities

Academic Year 2021/2022

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course the student is able to show evidence of the knowledge acquired, within the field of its competence, in the field of general hygiene and public health as applied the social and physical environment, the workplace, education, food and nutrition, community medicine, preventive medicine and rehabilitation.

Course contents

Definition and aims of Hygiene and Public Health.

Definition of Health.

Population health and its determinants.

Measuring the frequency of health events: ratio, rate, proportion, incidence and prevalence of diseases.

Measuring the risk of diseases: relative risk (RR) and attributable risk (AR).

Causal inference in epidemiology.

Basic general prevention: aims and methods of prevention. Primary prevention, secondary prevention, tertiary prevention.

Health education.

General epidemiology of infectious diseases: general aspects, reservoirs and sources of infection. Routes of entry and elimination of infective agents. Direct and indirect transmission (through inanimate vehicles and vectors) of infectious diseases. Ways in which diseases may appear in the population (sporadic, endemic, epidemic and pandemic).

General prophylaxis for infectious diseases: Notification of infectious diseases, making diagnosis (direct and indirect); quarantine measures. Disinfection and sterilisation using physical methods and chemical methods. General concepts of disinfestation. Vaccine prophylaxis and Seroprophylaxis.

Healthcare associated infections.

Vaccine-preventable diseases.

General prophylaxis for non-communicable diseases: general concepts, risk factors and prevention.


Environmental hygiene: air, water, food, waste.



COMODO N., MACIOCCO G. - Igiene e Sanità Pubblica. Manuale per le professioni sanitarie. Carocci Faber Editore, 2011.

LANCIOTTI L. - Igiene per le professioni sanitarie, McGraw-Hill, 2012.

Teaching methods

Teaching will take place through lectures, with the help of power point presentations (which will be made available to students). Priority will be given to interaction and active participation of students. Where possible and appropriate, use will be made of case studies taken from local, national and international contexts.

Assessment methods

Learning will be assessed through a written test. Further details about student evaluation modalities will be provided at the beginning of the course. 

Teaching tools

Slides, Power point

Links to further information


Office hours

See the website of Laura Dallolio